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42 Cards in this Set

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CHOLOMIMETICS:
direct-acting (receptor agonists)

choline esters:
Ach (Miochol)
bethanechol (Urecholin)
carbachol (Miostat)
methacholine
CHOLOMIMETICS:
direct-acting (receptor agonists)

alkaloids
muscarine (M)
pilocarpine (M, Pilocar)
nicotine (N)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
indirect-acting (anti-cholinesterases)

- reversible
- carbamates
edrophonium (Tensilon)
demecarium (Humorsol)
neostigine (Prostigmin)
physostigmine (generic)
pyridostigmine (Mestinon)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
indirect-acting (anti-cholinesterases)

- reversible
- for Alzheimers disease
donepezil (Aricept)
galntamine (Reminyl)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
indirect-acting (anti-cholinesterases)

- irreversible
- organophosphates
echothiophate (phosholine)
malathion
parathion
soman
CHOLOMIMETICS:
acute narrow angle glaucoma

- muscarinic agonist
pilocarpine (Pilocar) drops
carbachol (Isopto-carbachol) drops
CHOLOMIMETICS:
acute narrow angle glaucoma

anticholinesterase
- physostigmine ophth. ointment
- echothiophate (Phospholine) drops
- demecarium (Humorsol) drops
CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

anticholinesterase
- physostigmine
CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

muscarinic agonist
- pilocarpine
- carbachol
Non-CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
- acetazolamide (Diamox)
- brinzolamide (Azopt)
Non-CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

prostaglandins
- bimatoprost (lumigan)
- unoprostone (Rescula)
Non-CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

alpha agonists - non-selective
- epinephrine
- dipivefrin (Propine)
Non-CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

alpha-2 agonists
- aproclonidine (Iopidine)
- brimonidine (Alphagan)
Non-CHOLOMIMETICS:
chronic open angle glaucoma

beta blockers
- betaxolol ( Betoptic )
- timolol ( Timoptic, Betimol)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
GI and urinary tract

anticholinesterase
neostigmine (Prostigmin)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
GI and urinary tract

muscarinic agonist
bethanechol (Urecholine)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
GI and urinary tract

for GERD
H2 blockers
CHOLOMIMETICS:
dry mouth

muscarinic agonist
cevimiline (Evoxac)
CHOLOMIMETICS:
Myasthenia Gravis (MG)

anticholinesterase for diagnosis
- edrophonium (Tensilon )
CHOLOMIMETICS:
Myasthenia Gravis (MG)

anticholinesterase to assess level of long term treatment
- edrophonium (Tensilon )
CHOLOMIMETICS:
Myasthenia Gravis (MG)

anticholinesterase long term treatment
- pyridostigmine ( Mestinon )
- neostigmine (Prostigmin )
- ambenonium (Mytelase )
- demercarium ( Humorsol )
CHOLOMIMETICS:
reversal of surgical neuromuscular blockade

anticholinesterase
- neostigmine (Prostigmin )
- pyridostigmine ( Mestinon )
- edrophonium (Tensilon )
CHOLOMIMETICS:
reversal of surgical neuromuscular blockade

depolarizing drugs
- succinylcholine
CHOLOMIMETICS:
reversal of surgical neuromuscular blockade

non-polarizing drugs
- curare
- atracurium
- pipecuronium
- pancuronium
- vecuronium
CHOLOMIMETICS:
antidote for insecticides and humanocides
- atropine (Protopam, 2-PAM)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

prototype
- atropine (Protopam, 2-PAM)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

synthetic tertiary ammonium analogues of atropine
- dicyclomine (Bentyl)
- tropicamide (Mydriacil)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

synthetic tertiary ammonium analogues of atropine

antihistamines
- dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
- diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

synthetic tertiary ammonium analogues of atropine

tricyclic antidepressants
- amitriptyline (Elavil)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

synthetic tertiary ammonium analogues of atropine

antipsychotics
- haloperidol (Haldol)
- chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for fundoscopic exam
- tropicamide (Mydriacil)
- cyclopentolate (Cyclogil)
- Atropine sulfate (Isopto Atropine)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for IBS and peptic ulcer
- glycopyrrolate (Robinul) 4o
- dicyclomine (Bentyl) 3o
- hyoscyamine (Levsin) 3o
- hyoscyamine + phenobarbital (Donnatal) 3o
- clidinium + chlordiazepoxide (Librax)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for traveler's diarrhea & other mild GI tract hypomotility
atropine + diphenoxylate (Lomotil)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

NO antimuscarinic agents, just opioid

for traveler's diarrhea & other mild GI tract hypomotility
- loperamide (Imodium A-D) OTC
- loperamide (Imodium) Rx
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for overactive bladder and urge incontinence
- oxybutynin (Ditropan)
- tolterodine (Detrol LA)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

as adjunct to surgical anesthesia
- no longer used
- replaced by halothane, enflurane or isoflurane
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for asthma & COPD
- ipratropium (Atrovent)
- tiotropium (Spiriva)
- ipratropium + albuterol (Combivent)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

adjunct for Parkinson's Disease
- benztropine (Cogentin)
- trihexyphenidyl (Artane)
- diphenhydramine (Benadryl inj.)
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

antimuscarinic agents
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

for motion sickness
scopolamine (Transderm Scop)- a dermal patch
CHOLINOCEPTOR-BLOCKING AGENTS
(Anticholinergics)

Non - antimuscarinic agent
(Muscarinic Receptor Blockers)

antihistamines for motion sickness with antimuscarinic effects
- dimenhydrinate (Dramamine)
- meclizine (Antivert)
for poisoning from cholinomimetic agent
- atropine
Antidotes for insecticides and humanocides
- atropine (Isopto Atropine)
- pralidoxime (Protopam, 2-PAM)