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42 Cards in this Set

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What is a fortified Wine?
Wines that have brandy added to them, so that they're alcohol level is raised to betwee 15-23%
Older, stronger alcohol "training" the young wine
Where is the typical sherry region?
Jerez, Spain
I got nothing- Sherry is Spanish. That's all I think I can remember
What grapes are produced in Jerez, and used in Sherry?
Pedro Ximenez,Palomino, Moscatel
What is flor?
Flor is the yeast that develops on top of sherrys

Removed in the production of the darker, sweeter classes of Sherry so that they can oxidize
Sherry Classifications
Fino, Manzanilla, Amontillado, Oloroso, and Cream
Fino
spanish for fine

lighter in body, pale in color, dry
Manzanilla
A special kind of Fino, aged at the sea at Sanlucar de Barrameda
Amontillado
deeper color and more body than Fino
Oloroso
dry to medium sweet, full body
Olor is scent in spanish- the sweet scent and darker body comes from the longer oxidation
Sherry classifications in order of flor development
Fino- Most flor
Amontillado- Medium flor
Oloroso- No flor
Remember as yeast development increases, color gets lighter and body gets more full
German wine class orders
Deutscher tafelwein- table wine
Deutscher Landwein- large regional
Qualitatswein bestimmetter Anbaugebiet- from a special region (last level permitted chapitalization)
Qualitatswein mit Pradikat- with special attributes (ripeness)
Sussreserve
Unfermented grape must

added after fermentation to balance potential malic sweetness
trocken
dry

less than 9g/L residual sugar, Acid must be 2g higher
halbtrocken
off dry

up to 18g/L, translates to 1.8% r.s., but the Germans need more sugar to balance the natural ripeness
Sylvaner
mild, aromatic
white fruits on the nose
Gutsabfullung
Grower & Producer (non cooperative)
Weingut
producing estate- producing the best
Weinkelleri
blender
Winzergenossenschaft
a large cooperative- a large centralized area for many growers
Erzeurgerabfullung
cooperative- estate bottled
abfuller
bottler/shipper
Riesling
unripe years- grassy
ripe years- peach, apricot, honey (noble rot), apple
very ripe- apricot
older ones may develop petrol
Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
on the Mosel, Saar and Ruwer are tributaries

lighter wines, less alcohol, white/yellow fruits,

Slate provide flinty and effervescence
German varietals on label
85% of that grape- although most are closer to all
Classic
dry style wines typical of the region
Selection (Germany)
Dry style wines on limited production
Verband Deustcher Pradikatsweinguter Classifications
Great growths- like grand cru in France

At least Spatlese- yields capped to maintain quality

Erste Lage- Mosel-Saar-Ruwer
Erstes Gewachs- Rheingau
Rheingau Riesling
Less racy acidity, more alcohol, still light, more floral, spicy fruit
Pfalz
stony, dry, spicy, melon, apricot, more intense on the fruit, softer acid- more viscous, richer body & bouquet, more boozecamahol
Edelfau
i.e. Botrytis Cinerea- noble rot
mold sucks the juice from the inside
Orange rind and honey are particular aromatics to noble rot
Eiswein
Beerenauslese level ripeness, mold covered, and then
Trockenbeerenauslese
drier style wines with deep color, very ageable, residual sugar to keep the wine
Pradikat
Indication of ripeness:
Kabinett, Spatlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese (BA), Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA)
Ungsteiner
on a label, er at the end means the wine came from the village of Ungstein
Italian wine classification
Vino de Tavolo- table wine
Indicazion de geographica typica- typical region (like vins du pays)
Denominacion de Origen Controllata- controlled origin, lower yields
DOC e Garantita- highest quality, lowest yield
DOC controls
yields, region, grapes, aging
Italian wine names
varietal- IGT and DOC
region- eg Chianti
varietal and region- brunello di montalcino, brachetto d'acqui, at the docg level
proprietary- excellus, summus
Riserva
means something- specified according to DOC & DOCG
Super Tuscan
atypical grapes in Tuscany, eg Syrah
laws in italy
91- no new vineyards, raised quality of Italian wines
regional varietals of Venice, Tuscany and Piedmont
Venice
Soave- Trebbiano, Garganega, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Blanco
Bianco di Custoza- Trebbiano, Garganega, Tocai
Lugana- Trebbiano
Valpolicella/Amarone; Bardolino- Corvina, Rondinella, Molinara
Piedmonte
NEBBIOLO- Barolo, Barbaresco & Gattinara
Gavi- Cortese
Tuscany
Chianti/Chianti Classico; Vino Nobile di Montepulciano; Carmignano- Sangiovese, Canaiolo
Brunello di Montalcino- Sangiovese Grosso
Superiore
lower yields, higher alcohol