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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Character of Paul’s letters
A.)Earliest writings in New Testament (50-60 CE)
B.) Written in typical Greek-Roman style
1.) Salutation, Sender, Recipient, Greeting
2.) Thanksgiving
3.) Body is the longest part
4.) Paranesis- Ethical instruction
5.) Closing- peace wish, additional greetings, kiss, benediction
Books not disputed
1Thes, Galatians, 1&2 Corinthians, Philippians, Philemon, and Romans
Books disputed
1&2 Timothy, Titus, 2Thes, Colossians, Ephesians,
Writing under an assumed or false name
1 Thessalonians
A.) Earliest book of NT written in Corinthians in 50CE
B.) After Corinthians, Paul writes to encourage a church with persecution.
He addresses the issue related to Paraousia (coming of Christ). The first generation of believers expected Christ to come again within their lifetime. This became a theological crisis because the members of the first generation began to die and Christ has not returned.
Galatians was predominately Gentiles. Pauline Instructions- Galatians who were devoted to Paul. “Teachers”- traveling missionaries, Judiazers
Act I
Good news in Galacia- On missionary journey, Paul becomes ill. He is received and cared for by the Galatians. He preaches about Jesus to the. Paul leave
Act II
Arrival of teachers- Other evangelists arrive in Galacia teaching message different from Paul. They claimed to be connected with Jerusalem church and questioned Paul. They preached law in addition to teaching about Jesus. Christians must use Torah and be circumcised.
Bad News from Galacia- Paul finds out about Judiazers and people forsaking his teaching.
Act IV
Showdown- Paul’s letter to Galatians- Paul writes blistering letter to Galacia. Primary issue: Do Christians have to live by the Jewish law? No faith alone. They believed God gave Jesus and law so people had to follow both. (Legalist). God enters relationship and people obey out of love not out of salvation.
Act V
Outcome- Do not know the outcome. Did not participate in collection for Jerusalem. Yet, someone kept and preserved Paul’s letters.
Situation arrogance
If faith alone is unnecessary for salvation, then moral obligations are no longer necessary. Paul deals with various problems that result from this misunderstanding of freedom in Christ.
A.) 1 Corinthians 13, “Love Hymn”
B.) Love is highest Christian gift
C.) Agape is not romantic/sentimental love but unconditional
A.) Personal letter, not to a church
B.) Philemon Church leader converted by Paul’s issue
C.) runaway slave named Onesimus.
A.) Written from Corinth
B.) Longest letter and theologically most influential
C.) Addresses church not established by Paul
D.) Issue: Closet to a systematic outline and defense of his gospel of freely including gentiles.
restored relationship
liberation from bondage
declared righteous, put right with God
Issuses in church
Delay in Parousia-
Development of organizational structures
Problem of Heresy
Growing hostility of the Roman empire
all major events in history are foretold in Revelation. Symbols represent various persons and events throughout history
View future, revelation events still in future. Haven’t came yet
Everything has already passed. Happened in lifetime of original audience
Doesn’t deal with any event-throughout history there is a cosmic battle of good and evil.
Jewish response
Christianity began as a sect of Judaism.
Destruction of the temple in 70CE
At some point, Christians were expelled from the synagogue.
teaching for practical matters
right belief, standard doctrine
false doctrine, opinion contrary to church dogma
Battle of Miliran Bridge
95 thesis from Martin Luther
The first ecumenical council in Christian history. Brought together bishops from all over the empire.
Athanaius's Easter letters