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245 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
urin/o
urine
ur/o
urine
ren/o
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
coric/o
outer region
medull/o
middle or inner portion
pyel/o
renal pelvis
-poiesis
formation
-chrome
color
-lithiasis
the presence of stones or calculi
nephritis
inflammation of the kidneys
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
uremia
waste products in the blood
dialysis
procedure to remove blood waste products
cardi/o
heart
epicardium
external layer of the heart
myocardium
middle and thickest layer of the heart
endocardium
inner layer of the heart
endo
heart
corono/o
crown
ischemia
a deficiency in the blood supply area
necrosis
tissue death
infarct
the area of necrosis
atri/o
atria
ventricul/o
ventricle
valv/o
valve
palpation
pounding with or without irregulatiry in rhythm
fibrillation
rapid, random, and ineffective heart contractions
flutter
cardiac arrhythmia in which atrial contractions are rapid but regular
bradycardia
abnormally slow heart
tachycardia
sudden convulsion or spasm
normal sinus arrhythmia
irregular rhythm resulting from variation in vagal nerve tone as a result of respiration
asystole
without contraction or lack of heart activity, flat line on an ECG
syncope
temporary suspension of respiration and circulation
gallop
low-frequency vibrations occurring early diastole and late diastole
stetho
chest
scope
instrument to visually examine or monitor
holo/pan
all
stenosis
narrowing of the aortic or pulmonary valves
hilus
the depression where vessels and nerves enter an organ
arteri/o
combining form for artery
aort/o
combining form for aorta
celi/o
derived from the Greek term koilia, meaning belly
arter/i
vessel that carries blood away from the heart
ole
small
capillaries
single-cell thick vessels that connect the arterial and venous systems
perfusion
blood flow through tissues
ven/o and phleb/o
vein
jugular vein
drains the neck and head area
femoral veins
drain the legs
renal veins
drain the kidneys
azygous vein
a sincle vein that drains the chest wall and adjacent structures
sphygm/o
combining form for pulse
man/o
combining form for pressure
-meter
the suffix meaning device
ech/o
combining form for sound
isch/o
hold back
nas/o
nose
rhin/o
nose
meat/o
opening or passageway
sept/o
partition
tonsill/o
tonsil
palat/o
palate
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
voice box
glott/o
glottis
bronch/o
bronchi
-ole
small
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
alveol/o
small sac
lob/o
well-defined portion
dia
across
phragm/o
wall
pneum/o
lungs or air
pneumon/o
lungs or air
pulmon/o
lungs or air
diaphragmat/o
diaphrahgm
spir/o
breath or breathing
-pnea
breathing
apnea
absence of breathing
dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing
bradypnea
abnormally slow resp. rates
tachypnea
abnormally rapid resp. rates
hyperpnea
abnormal increase in rate and depth of respirations
hypopnea
abnormally slow or shallow respirations
hyperventilation
abnormally rapid deep breathing
agonal breathing
respirations near death or extreme suffering
ox/i
oxygen
ox/o
oxygen
ox/y
oxygen
capn/o
carbon dioxide
-derma
skin
kerat/o
keratin
melan/o
black or dark
adip/o
fat
pil/i
hair
onych/o
claw
ungul/o
hoof
-crine
to secrete or separate
pituit/o
pituitary gland
aden/o
gland
anti
against
press/i
tension
thyr/o
thyroid
thyroid/o
thyroid
ad
toward
ren/o
kidney
adren/o
adrenal glands
ardrenal/o
adrenal glands
coric/o
outer
medull/o
inner or middle
andr/o
male
-gen
producing
ana
up or excessive
bol/o
throwing
pancreat/o
pancreas
gonad/o
gonad or gamete producing glands
acr/o
extremities
calc/i
form for calcium
-emia
blood condition
eu
good, well, or easily
phel/o
ducky
chrom/o
color
cyt/o
cell
-oma
tumor
gen/o
producing
-logy
study
genit/o
organs of reproduction
scrot/o
scrotum
perine/o
the area between the scrotum (or vulva) and anus
sperm/o
spermatozoa
spermat/o
spermatozoa
orcho/o
testes
orchi/os
testes
orchid/o
testes
test/o
testes
testicul/o
testes
semin/i
semen
prostat/o
prostate gland
salping/o
tube
ovari/o
female gonad
oophor/o
female gonad
oo/o
egg
ov/i
egg
ov/o
egg
hyster/o
uterus
metro/o
uterus
metri/o
uterus
uter/o
uterus
cervic/o
neck or neck-like structure
colop/o
vagina
vagin/o
bagina
vulv/o
vulva
episi/o
vulva
lact/i
milk
ejaculat/o
to throw or hurl out
umbilic/o
navel
pregn/o
pregnancy
gest/o
gestation
gestat/o
gestation
gravid/o
pregnant
-para
bearing a live fetus
primi
first
multi
many
vivi
live
part/o
giving birth
soma
cell body
dendr/o
dendrite
axon
a single process that extends away from the cell body and conducts impulses away from the cell body
ax/o
axis or mainstream
synaps/o and synapt/o
the space or point of contact between two neurons or between a neuron and a receptor
neurotransmitter
chemical substance
gil/o
glue
astr/o
star
micro
small
oligo
few
neur/i and neur/o
nerve or nerve tissue
tract
a group of nerve fibers located in the CNS
ganglion
a knot-like mass of neuron cell bodies located outside the CNS
plexus
a network of intersecting nerves or vessels
receptors
sensory organs that receive external stimulation and transmit that information to the sensory neurons
stimulus/i
something that excites or activates
encephal/o
brain
myel/o
spinal cord
mening/o and meningi/o
the layers of connective tissue enclosing the CNS
arachn/o
spider
crani/o
skull
cerebr/o
cerebrum
frontal
the most cranial lobe, controls motor function
parietal
receives and interprets sensory nerve impulses
occipital
the most caudal lobe that controls vision
temporal
the laterally located lobe that controls hearing and smelling
convolut/o
coiled
gyr/o
folding
sulc/o
groove
ependyma
the membrane that lines the ventricles of the brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
foramen magnum
the opening in the occipital bone where the spinal cord passes through
-paresis
weakness
narc/o
stupor
-pelgia
paralysis
-esthesia
sensation or feeling
caus/o and caust/o
burning
poli/o
gray
-ptosis
prolapse, drooping, or falling downward
radicul/o
root
opt/i
eye or sight
opt/p
eye or sight
optic/o
eye or sight
ocul/o
eye or sight
ophthalm/o
eye or sight
blephar/o
eyelid
lacrim/o
teardrop, tear duct, or lacrimal duct
dacry/o
teardrop, tear duct, or lacrimal duct
duct
the passage way that drains tears into the nose
punctum
point or small spot
sclera
the fibrous outer layer of the eye that maintains the shape of the eye
scler/o
sclera or hard
corne/o
cornea
kerat/o
cornea
choroid/o
choroid
irid/o
the iris of the eye
irit/o
the iris of the eye
pupill/o
pupil
core/o
pupil
phac/o
lens of the eye
retin/o
retina
macul/o
spot
lute/o
yellow
fove/o
pit
aque/o
water
vitre/o
glassy
chrom/o
color
audit/o
ear
aud/i
ear
ot/o
ear
acoust/o
sound
acous/o
sound
pinn/i
external ear
aur/i
external ear
aur/o
external ear
tympan/o
eardrum
myring/o
eardrum
labyrinth/o
maze, labyrinth and the inner ear
cochle/o
snail or spiral