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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
Experience of emotion is awareness of physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
Emotion-arousing stimuli simultaneously trigger:
1) Physiological responses
2) Subjective experience of emotion
Schachter’s Two-Factor Theory of Emotion
To experience emotion one must:
1) Be physically aroused
2) Cognitively label the arousal
Emotion—Lie Detectors
respiration; perspiration; heart rate
we can learn fear
the brain center for fear – the amygdale
anger and aggression
Catharsis hypothesis
Subjective sense of well being;Feel-good, do-good phenomenon;People’s tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood
Adaptation-level Phenomenon
tendency to form judgments relative to a “neutral” level
Relative Deprivation
perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself
Stress and Health
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
Acute stress
something that happens very infrequently;very distressing
Chronic stress
less intense than acute;experience this form continually or long-lasting
Catastrophic Events
earthquakes, combat stress, floods
Life changes
Death of a loved one, divorce, loss of job, promotion
Daily Hassles
Rush hour traffic, long lines, job stress
Perceived Control
health consequences of a loss of control
Psychophysiological Illness
Any stress-related physical illness;Different than hypochondriasis—misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
Promoting Health
Modifying Type A life-style can reduce recurrence of heart attacks;High levels of hostility increase chance of all disease (e.g., cancer)
Aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness
electronically records and “feeds back” info to a person about subtle; physiological states
the organization of enduring behavior patterns that often serve to distinguish; us from one another. - distinctiveness;- enduring behavior patterns; - organization of individuality
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
both an approach to therapy and a theory of personality;The main causes of behavior lie buried in the unconscious mind
Defense Mechanisms
the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
keeping anxiety-producing thoughts out of the conscious mind
an individual retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage
Reaction Formation
replacing an unacceptable wish with its opposite
reducing anxiety by attributing unacceptable impulses to someone else
reasoning away anxiety-producing thoughts
shifts sexual or aggressive impulses to a more acceptable or less threatening object or person
Rorschach Inkblot Test
seeks to identify people’s inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots