Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Scientific Method
an orderly, systematic procedures that researchers follow as they identify a research problem, design a study to investigate the prob, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, and communicate their findings.
A general principle or set of principles proposed to explain how a number of separate facts are related
The process of repeating a study to verify research findings.
A testable prediction about the conditions under which a particular behavior or mental process may occur.
basic research
research conducted to seek new knowledge and to explore and advance general scientific understanding.
applied research
research conducted specifically to solve practical problems and impore the quality of life.
descriptive research methods
research methods that yield descriptions of behavior
naturalistic observation
a research method used by researchers to observe and record behavior in its natural setting, without attempting to influence or control it.
laboratory observation
a research method in which behavior is studied in a lab setting.
case study
res. method in which one person or a small group of person are studied in great depth.
res. method in which researchers use interviews, and/or questionares to gather info about the attitudes, beliefs, experiences, or behaviors of a group of ppl.
the entire group of interest to researchers, to which they wish to apply their findings.
the entire group of interest to researchers, to which they wish to apply their findings.
a part of the pop. that is studied to reach conclusions about the entire pop.
representative sample
a sample that mirros the pop of interest, includes important subgroups in the same porportions as they are found in the pop.
experimental method
the only research method that can be used to identify cause/effect relationships between two or more conditions or variables