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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
write in words the following number system (i.e., to what chapters and verses does it refer?): Matthew 4:13-22:13
matthew chapter four verse thirteen through chapter twenty-two verse thirteen
give correct english translations for the following hebrew (old testament) names
Elohim = God
Yahweh = LORD
what is meant by the term "canon" when it is applied to the new testament?
it is the books that were chosen to be in the new testament, our current Bible. there were books that were excluded, but the canon is condsidered authoritative
what is the purpose of "textual criticism" as it applied to the Bible?
its purpose is to find the actual original text and try to discover what the original author was saying.
what does a scholar hope to do by applying "source analysis/literary criticism" to the books of the Bible?
a scholar would hope to find the original source of the writings to figure out where the author was drawing from and what he was trying to say.
how does "form/genre criticism" work in relation to the Bible?
form/genre criticism looks at the patterns ans styles of the writings and, from that, compares it to similar styles to figure out what era and culture it is from.
what does "redaction criticism" attempt to do with the bookds of the Bible?
it looks at the editing process the author went through and tries to discover the reasons for the editing and the consistency of it.
what political power was in control of palestine )judea, galilee, samaria, etc.) in the time of the new testament event?
roman empire
define the term or process of hellenization.
a ruling body (ex. the roman empire) systematically changing its conquered territories from their original culture to a homogeneous empire-wide culture for the sake of peace and a common mindset.
who was caesar augustus, as the anem applies to the study of the new testament?
he was the roman emperor during the time of the gospels. he instituted hellenization and was one of the first to encourage emperor worship.
what does the creation account in genesis 1 attempt to show by its repeated phrase that god saw that "it was good"?
it implies that creation as a whole was completely good, that God did not create evil in it.
of what significance is the opening line of genesis 1 (in the beginning God created...;or when God began to create...) in understanding the sense of meaning or purpose for the universe?
it shows that God fully intended on creation, that it was totally on purpose. in enuma elish, creation occured simply out of necessity after the battle. it was not intentional from the beginning.
how did the world and human society get into the terrible condition that it is, according to genesis 1-11?
adam and eve introduced sin to the world by taking of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, something god expressly forbade them from doing. by taking the fruit, they were trying to play God, and when humans attempt to play God, things break down.
explain the meaning of the phrase "the tree of the knowledge of good and evil"
goood and evil was a cliche meaning "everything." in hebrew knowledge was closely related to power. so it means "the knowledge of everything."
explain the symbolism or function of "the tree of the knowledge of good and evil" in the story of adam and eve in the garden.
if they took of the fruit, they would know "everything" and have immense power. they were attempting to take on the rule of God.
what is the function of genesis 1-11 in relation to the people of israel?
it shows why God chose the poeple of israel to be His chosen people. it is their story.
what is the pattern seen in many of the stories in genesis 2-11?
choice (someone would make a choice to disobey), curse (God would curse them for it), continued care (He would then give them a sign, reassuring them that He was still there for them).
explain the meaning of the following passage for understandging israel as the "chosen people of God."

-gen. 12:1-3: - now the LORD said to abram, "go from your country and from your kindred and your father's house to the land that i will show you. and i will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him who curses you I will curse; and by you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.
God blessed them and made them a great promise, but He also gave them the heavy responsibility of being the people that would bless the rest of the earth.
define (in english) the following two terms:
Messiah = the anointed one
Christ = the anointed one
identify the jewish religious group pharisees in terms of thier major beliefs about the Torah.
they believed they had been given 2; a written one and a spoken one. they believed that if they kept the Torah perfectly the Messiah would come.
why did many essenes retreat to the desert site of qumran?
they believed they were the chosen people of the coming Messiah, and they had to be pure of this "evil age" for Him to come.
what is the meaning of the new testament term "kingdom of God"?
it means God coming to rule directly on earth. It will be the end of death and suffering.
define the term "synoptic" as it applies to the gospels in the new testament.
it means they look alike, that they are very similar to each other.
name the synoptic gospels.
matthew, mark, luke.
list at least 2 reasons for the treatment of the gospel of john apart from the synoptics.
the person of Jesus - in the synoptics, Jesus is quiet, very human; in john, He is completely open about who He is and takes His purpose without hesitation.
define the four source documentary hypothesis of the synoptic gospels.
there are 4 sources:
1. mark (b/t matthew and luke)
2. Q (b/t matthew and luke)
3. M (matthew)
4. L (luke)
what evidence is seen by scholars to support the four source documentary hypothesis of the synoptic gospels (what evidence to suggest the priority of Mark)?
in every instance, either all 3 agree or 2 of 3 agree against the 3rd, and one of those 2 is always mark, implying that Mark is a common source for matthew and luke.
what is meant by the "q source"?
matthew and luke have things in common that Mark does not have, implying another source between them, called "q" because it is unknown.
what is the meaning of the term "covenant"?
an eternally binding agreement between 2 parties. in the old testament, between God and the people of israel.
according to the book of exodus the people of israel in its covenant with God is to be a "kingdom of priests." what does that phrase mean for the self-understanding of the people of israel?
it means that they are the go-betweens, the intermediaries between God and the rest of the earth. it is their responsibility to keep those lines open. they are the priests of the earth.
what is meant by the term "linear concept of time" as it applies to the study of the new testament?
it means that there was a beginning and there will be an end, with a goal in sight.
define the term "eschatology" as it applies to the study of the new testament.
eschatology is the "doctrine of the end." in the new testament it refers to the coming of the kingdom of God.
the passage below is an example of what scholars call "realized eschatology." define the term.
realized eschatology means that the end goal has already been obtained. in the new testament, it is more of an "already, not yet" message; the kingdom of God is here, but the end goal has not yet been fully achieved.