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69 Cards in this Set

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What was the reason to study Greek mythology? 3
-shows the way human race thought and felt untold ages ago
-leads up back to when people had connection with earth and nature
-provides us images of anything possible and not have to be right or wrong
what is the role of imagination?
-no bright fancies and lovely visions
-pain and grief
-horrors, magic, human sacrifice
Myths were the ___ of great poets
creation
What was the Greek miracle?
new birth of the world with the awakening of Greece
Old things are ___ and all things are ____
gone, new
how were the Greek gods perceived as?
they were centered in human beings
What were the Egyptians gods like?
humanly, but made unhumanly
____ in thoughts
revolutions
____ of mankind
realization
what is the center of the universe?
mankind
what did saint paul say about the invisible?
they must be understood by the visible
how did sculptors and artists perceive the daily world?
saw beauty and gods in the men
Gods were exceedingly and humanly ___
attractive
Men doesn't have to fear the what?
the unknown
Men ___ the irrational but realized even the most nonsense things can be ____
disliked, rational
Are gods perfect and why/not?
no, because they can also be ccruel or irresponsible
why are monsters present?
to give the hero a chance for glory
myths explains..
something of nature; why something happens
myths were the early l___ and ___
lieterature and science
myths can also be pure ___
entertainment
why was justice there?
to protect over the weak
ovid was a __ poet
latin
what did Ovid think of myths?
nonsense, but important to him
What did Ovid do with myths?
told almost all of them and at great length
homer was the ___ of poetry
father
what two poems did homer write?
iliad and odyssey
what poem was the Iliad? the Odyssey?
of journey, of war
Odyssey vs. iliad. which was older?
iliad
Who was Hesoid?
poor farmer with hard life
Hesiod was the first Greek man to ___ how everything had happpened
wonder
What was between Hesiod's poems?
great contrast
what did Hesiod wrote for man?
how to live a good life
Roman Zeus
Jupiter
Roman Poseidon
Neptune
Roman Hades 2
Pluto or Dis
Roman Hera
Juno
Roman Athena
Minerva
Roman Aphrodite
Venus
Roman Hephaestus 2
Vulcan and Mucilber
Greek Jupiter
Zeus
Greek Neptune
Poseidon
Greek Pluto/Dis
Hades
Greek Juno
Hera
Greek Minerva
Athena
Greek Venus
Aphrodite
Zeus is the ___ ___
lord of __
___ god
___-___ god
supreme ruler
the sky
rain
cloud gatherer
Zeus's symbols
_____ and _____
bird ____
tree _____
thunderbolt, aegis
eagle
oak
Poseidon is the...
ruler of ____
also called ______
controls _____
the sea
"earth shaker"
storm and calm
Poseidon's symbol...
____ and ____ (a three pronged spear)
animals ___
fish ___
chariot, trident
bull and horses
dolphin
Hades is the...
Ruler of the _____
God of ____ (___)
King of ___
Underworld
Wealth (Minerals)
the Dead
Hades's symbol....
Cap of ___
invisibility
Hera...
protector of ___ and ___ and ____
who never forgot ____
marriage, married woman, childbirth
an injury
Hera symbols:
animal ___
bird ____
city ____
cow
peacock
Argos
Athena...
Goddess of ___ and ____ and ____
protector of ____, ___, _____, ____, ____
Chief _____
city, wisdom, war
arts, handicrafts, civilized life, agriculture, weavers
virgin goddess
Athena symbols...
city ___
tree ___
animal ___
temple ____
Athens
olive
owl
parthenon
Aphrodite is..
Goddess of ___ and ___
___-____ goddess
___ and ___ goddess
also called ____/_____
love, beauty
laughter-loving
beautiful and golden
cyprian/cytherea
Aphrodite symbols...
Cities of __ and __
birds ___, ___, ____
tree ___
cytherea and cyprian
swan, dove, sparrow
myrtle
Hephaestus is...
god of __ and ___ and ___
___-____ god
with athena, patron of ___
and ___
protector of ____
fire, forge, ceremony
peace-loving
handicrafts and arts
blacksmiths
Hephaestus symbol is..
forge
Hermes is..
master ___
god of __ and the ___
thief
commerce and the market
hermes symbols...
winged __ and ____
carries the ___ (a staff)
zeus's ____
sandals and low-crowned hat
caduceus
messenger
ares is..
god of __
with him are ___, ____, ___, and ___ (Goddess of War)
war
panic, trembling, terror, enyo
ares symbols...
bird ___
animal___
vulture
dog
Apollo is...
master ___
lord of ____ _____
____-god
Names: ___, _____, ____, ____
the ____
god of ____
God of ____
often the ___-god
sometimes the ___-god
musician
silver bow
archer
delian, lycian, pythian, smithian
healer
light
truth
sun
mouse
Apollo symbols..
oracle at ___
tree ___
fish ___
bird ___
delphi
laurel
dolphin
crow
Artemis is..
lady of ____
goddess of the ____
protector of ____
____-in chief
goddess of the ____
wild things
hunt
youth
huntress
chase
Artemis symbols...
tree ___
animal ___
cypress
all animals, especially the deer
hestia is...
goddess of ___ and ___
the ___ goddess
home and hearth
virgin
hestia symbols..
___ and ___
each city had ___ ___
in which __________
fireplace and hearth
public hearth
the fire was never allowed to go out