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15 Cards in this Set

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What cultivated, supported, and directed music as it did art, architecture, poetry, and learning during the middle ages?
the Church
What were non-church oriented, "popular" musicians called during the middle ages?
Minstrels
Who were the only people who wrote music down?
Monks
Define singing
a way of uttering words that sets it apart from ordinary speech
Define Plainchant
the official music of the Catholic church in the Middle Ages, a great repertory of melodies designated for the many religious texts to be sung at services- widely known as Gregorian Chant
Was plainchant, polyphonic, monophonic, homophonic or biophonic?
monophonic
What kind of meter was plainchant in?
it was nonmetrical- having no established meter, and therefor the rhythm was free
What mode was plainchant in?
Medieval Modes- not the major or minor system
What scale was used for plainchants?
the diatonic scale (all the white keys)
Define the reciting tone
the pitch on which the text is sung- it is held except for small, formulaic variations at beginnings and ends of phrases
Describe "Estampi"
dances from the same court circles that produced the chivalric repertory
Describe "organum"
the earliest type of polyphony, consisting of traditional plainchant melody to which composer/singer/improvisor has added melody in counterpoint, sumg simultaneously to the same words
Describe Motet
a sacred vocal composition. Early motets were based on fragments of Gregorian chant- the upper lines were their own words
What new form of melody and harmony developed out of the late dark ages and the early 14th century?
Polyphony
Define "Renaissance"
the name given to a complex current of thought that worked deep changes in Europe from the 14th-16th century