Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characteristics of normal pressure hydrocephalus
1) progressive dementia
2) uriniary incontinence
3) disordered gait
4) not associated with increased ICP
Monro-Kellie hypothesis
When pressure rises in one of the three intracranial compartments (blood, parenchyma, CSF), it occurs at the expense of the other two in order to maintain proper ICP.
Consequences of rising ICP
1) when pressure rises above venous pressure, blood cannot flow out and makes ICP worse
2) when pressure exceeds arterial pressure, lack of blood results in ischemia
Clinical manifestations of rising ICP
1) Headache
2) Nausea and vomiting (sometimes without nausea)
3) Drowsiness progressing to coma
4) Ocular palsies
5) Papilledema and loss of vision
6) "Cushing response"
"Cushing response"
Systemic signs of rising ICP
1) Bradycardia
2) Elevated systolic pressure
3) Irregular respirations
"Respirator Brain"
aka. brain death
Autolysis of dead unperfused brain
"Persistent vegetative state"
Enough brainstem function survives to allow spontaneous ventilation, autonomic control and sleep-wake cycles but without awareness.