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11 Cards in this Set

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in its' most basic form, is a group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) are claimed to provide support for, or reasons to believe, one of the others (the conclusion)
the statements that set forth the reasons or evidence in an argument
the statement that the evidence in an argument is claimed to support or imply.
conclusion indicators
therefore, wherefore, thus, concequently, we may infer, accordingly, we may conclude, it must be that, for this reason, so, entails that, hence, it follows that, implies that, as a result
premise indicators
since, as indicated by, because, for, in that, may be inferred from, as, given that, seeing that, for the reason that, inasmuch as, owing to
in the technical sense of the term, is the reasoning process expressed by an argument
in the technical sense, is the meaning or information content of a statement
syllogistic logic
invented by Aristotle, a kind of logic in which the fundamental elements are terms, and arguments are evaluated as good or bad depending on how the terms are arranged in the argument.
modal logic
invented by Aristotle, a kind of logic that involves such concepts a possibility, necessity, belief, and doubt.
the organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates arguments.
truth value
truth and falsity are called the two possible truth values of a statement.