• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/71

Click to flip

71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bilabial Voiceless Stop
p
Bilabial Voiced Stop
b
Bilabial Voiced Nasal
m
Bilabial Voiced Glide
w
Dental Voiceless Fricative
f
Dental Voiced Fricative
v
Dental Voiceless Fricative
θ
Dental Voiced Fricative
ð
Alveolar Voiceless Stop
t
Alveolar Voiced Stop
d
Alveolar Voiceless Fricative
s
Alveolar Voiced Fricative
z
Alveolar Voiceless Affricate
Alveolar Voiced Affricate
Palatal Voiceless Fricative
ʃ
Palatal Voiced Fricative
ʒ
Palatal Voiced Liquid
r
Palatal Voiced Glide
j
Velar Voiceless Stop
k
Velar Voiced Stop
g
Velar Voiced Nasal
ŋ
Glottal Voiced Fricative
h
Front Vowels
i, ɪ, e, ɛ, æ, a
Central Vowels
ʌ, ə, ɚ
Back Vowels
u, ʊ, o, ɔ, ɑ
High Vowels
i, ɪ, u, ʊ
Mid Vowels
e, ɛ, ʌ, ə, o, ɔ
Low Vowels
æ, a
[i]
key, he
[ɪ]
bid, bit
[e]
bade, kate, hey
[ɛ]
bed
[æ]
bad, cat
[u]
booed, coot, who
[ʊ]
book, cook
[o]
bode, coat, hoe
[ɔ]
baud, caught, haw
[a]
body, cot, ha
[ʌ]
bud, cut
[ə]
about
Phonetics
Studies speech sounds as physical objects.
How are speech sounds made?
How is it registered in the ears?
Phonology
Studies how languages organize sounds into different patterns.
How do languages organize sounds to distinguish different words?
Fixed Stress
Where stress is completely predictable.
ex. Stress on first syllable and every other afterwards
Lexical Stress
Memorize which syllable is stressed for a word. Stress on certain syllables determine the word's meaning.
Paradigmatic Stress
Stress pattern depends on the type of speech that the word is.
Minimal Pairs
Pairs of words that differ in only a single sound in the same position within the word.
Complementary Distribution
When the occurrence of two different sounds is predictable based on the context.
ex. complimentary vs. complementary
Phonemes
A label for a group of sounds that are percieved by the speaker to be the same.
Allophone
A contextually determined variant pronunciation of a phoneme.
Phonotactic Constraints
Restrictions on the types of sounds that are allowed to occur next to each other.
Morpheme
The smallest unit of language to hold meaning.
Lexical Strategies
Semantically rich and contribute primarily to the meaning of the sentence. (N, V, Adj, Adv, Prep)
Functional Categories
Semantically weak and contribute more to the structure of the grammar of sentences than to the meaning.
Auxiliary Movement
Being able to move the word to the front of the sentence makes another sentence.
Semantically
Different based on the meaning of the word.
Morphemically
When the word changes from a noun to a verb.
How is language arbitrary?
Phonetically (how it sounds); Morphemically / Semantically diverse (meaning); Syntactically; Sociolinguists / pragmatics
Participle Movement
Can be moved to the end of the sentence. Tells about the verb.
PP Movement
Can be moved to the front of the sentence.
Prescribtionist
Pay attention to the little details (grammar, spelling)
Describtionist
Language is always changing; take note of other's speech (outen the light)
Manner
Whats the physics of the sound - how the body creates it.
Place
Where in the mouth is the action happening
Voice
Vocal cords or no vocal cords.
Vowels
Monopthongs - jaw does not move
Diphthongs - jaw moves
Left Hemisphere
Large majority of language
Right Hemisphere
Filter on social related comments
Broca's Area
Send signals out to formulate sentences
Wernicke's Area
Deals with external world - adverb, adjectives.
Inflection Morphemes
s (plural); 's(possesive); s (ongoing action); ing (ongoing action); ed (past tense); er (comparative); est (superlative)
IP
Matter + Time + Energy