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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
8 1/2 director
Fellini
Umberto D director
Vittorio De Sica
Bicycle Thief director
Vittorio De Sica
7 Beauties director
Lina Wertmuller
Alphaville director
Jean-Luc Godard
revisionist films
new or revised interpretation or representation of a subject
Example of a revisionist western
Unforgiven
Film noir: what years?
1941-58
Lighting in film noir
low-key
Characters in film noir
motivated by selfishness, greed, cruelt, and ambition. Often contains femme fatale character
Actors in Italian neorealist film
untrained, nonprofessional
Settings in Italian neorealism
unaltered
Story in Italian neorealism
chronological
Lighting in Italian neorealism
little or no supplemental lighting
How is Umberto D. Italian neorealist?
nonprofessional actor
location filming
chronological story
few closeups
generally unobtrusive filmmaking
When did the Italian neorealist movement begin?
After WWII and largely died out by 1950s
French New wave--when?
late 1950s and early 1960s
Plot in French New wave
unpredictable
Equipment in French New Wave
handheld cameras and sound equipment, faster film stock, and protable lighting equipment
Shots in French New Wave
cutaways, jump cuts, swish pan, lap dissolve
Consciousness in European Independent Films
lots of dreams, memories, fantasies, and other mental states represented
Characters in European Independent Films
complex--goals are unclear or shifting
Plotline in in European Independent Films
often episodic, more likely to have narration

often about the film medium itself
Dogme 95 Manifesto
Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg co-write in 1995
The Vow of Chastity
A director's agreement to follow the rules in the Dogme 95 manifesto
Budget in American Independent Cinema
generally low
Funding for American Independent Cinema
Private sources usually, but some corporations are branching out to fund independent films
Two cooperating organizations of independent filmmakers
Association of Independent Video and Filmmakers (AIVF)

Independent Feature Project (IFP)
nonnarrative documentary
a film or video that uses no narrative or story in its representation of mainly actual (not imaginary) subjects
narrative documentary
true narratives: a series of unified factual events in one or more settings
cinema verite--where and when
France 1960s
cinema verite--shooting
on-location with lightweight equipment
cinema verite--subjects
likely to be questioned during filming
cinema verite--practitioners
Jean Rouch, Chris Marker, Marcel Ophuls
cinema verite--film example
The Sorrow and the Pity
experimental films
avant-garde, underground, personal, or independent
experimental films question _________ and defy __________.
ideologies, convention
anamorphic lens
a lens that squeezes a wide image onto a film frame in the camera, making everything look tall and thin. On a projector, an anamorphic lens expands the image, returning it to its original wide shape
film stock
unexposed and unprocessed motion-picture film
Year the production code became more stringently enforced
1934
Homosexuality in production code era movies
rarely mentioned
Year the US film industry abandoned the production code and instituted a rating system
1968
Usual representation of gay characters
Stereotypical, amusing, and nonthreatening to heterosexual audiences--though lately this is improving
African Americans in silent film
played by European Americans, who wore crude makeup

represented as simple-minded and faithful slaves or lazy and corrupt
Low-budget black filmmaker
Oscar Micheaux
blaxploitation
US film movement from 1971 to 1975 or 6 consisting of low-budget movies usually made by African American filmmakers, with black characters for black audiences
Famous blaxploitation films
Boyz N the Hood, New Jack City, Shaft
Early celluloid latinos and Latin Americans
usually minor roles or negative role models
Mexicans in westerns
portrayed as crude, ignorant, lazy, and vicious
Latinas in film
Dyed their hair and changed their name to advance their acting careers (Rita Hayworth)
Committee that held hearings in Hollywood to investigate Communist infiltration of the film industry
HUAC (House Committee on Un-American Activities)
1951
HUAC held a second round of hearings--more than 300 Hollywood filmmakers either confessed to past membership in the Communist party or were accused by witnesses
What happened to filmmakers after HUAC accusations
many were blacklisted and could not find work in the American film industry
What filmmakers did to avoid problems with HUAC
found other work
moved abroad for film work
worked in tehA merican film industry under assumed names
Subjects of films after HUAC questioning
non-controversial topics
some commented indirectly (High Noon)
Forbidden in Iranian films
criticism of the government, religions, closeups of women, makeup, kissing, handholding, and eye contact between men and women
Censorship in Vietnam
Censor is always present during filming
Censorship in China
No sexy or government-criticizing films

No unhappy endings
1930s
Americans began to find certain films offensive
Story problems with production code
sometimes undermined a story's plausibility or logic
magic realism
a style in which occasional wildly improbable or impossible events are included in an otherwise realistic story