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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The set of historical, philisophical, social, legal, and cultural assumptions that form a logical base for decisions about schools and schooling.
Foundations of Education
A term used to describe means or approaches used to achieve aims specified in the curriculum
A characteristic of teaching that refers to the idea that teachers' responsibilities range across a broad range of duties.
Many things happen at once in the classroom. Teaching that refers to teachers' need to operate in an environment where many things occur at the same time.
A characteristic of teacher that refers to teachers' need to respond at once to situations that may arise in the classroom.
A characteristic of teacher that refers to the fact that teachers work in an environment where learners' behaviors often vary from day to day and where other unexpected occurrences often disrupt typical patterns.
A characteristic of teaching that refers to teachers' work occurring in a setting where their actions are open to continual scrutiny by others.
A term that refers to prior patterns of teacher-learner interaction as producing a kind of mini culture that affects future behaviors of both the teacher and learners.
Class History
A term used to describe school programs in which learners are taught in their native language for at least part of the day until they become proficient in English
Bilingual Education
A perspective on education that holds that school programs shcould present learners with instruction that honors and respects the contributions that many individual cultures have made to our nation and world. It promotes equity of educational treatment to all learners who come to school.
Multicultural Education
A category of school program that attempts to help nonnative speakers of English acquire English by involving them in instructional programs that surround them with English-language usage.
Total Emmersion
A principle associated with federal regulatoins for services to learners with disabilities that requires schools to provide learners with disabilities education within a regular school classroom where special aids, supports, and instructional accommodations are made to respond to their needs and where such learners are welcomed as class members.
Teachers who have received special academic preperation to teach learners with varying kinds of disabilities
Special Education Teachers
An approach to language teaching that features lessons in which reading, writing, speaking, and listening are taught as a single, integrated process.
Whole Language
The idea that teachers and schools should be held directly responsible for teaching specific information to specific learners.
The purposeful collection of data from a variety of sources for the purpose of rendering a judgement
A perspective on teaching that holds that learners are not passive responders to the environment but rather individuals who engage it purposefully as they seek to extract personal meaning.
A component of Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence that refers to the ability to acquire information by seperating the relevant from the irrelevant, thinking abstractly, and determining what needs to be done.
Componential Intelligence
A component of Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence that refers to the ability to adapte to new experiences and to solve problems in a specific situation or context.
Contextual Intelligence
A person's ability to quickly turn new solutions into routine procedures
A component of Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence that refers to coping with new experiences by formulating new ideas and combining unrelated ideas to solve new problems
Experimental Intelligence
A term referring to a person's ability to exercise self-control, remain persistent, and be self-motivating.
Emotional Intelligence
A perspective that holds that intelligence is not a unitary trait but, insteade, consists of many separate categories
Multiple Intelligence
A test designed to yield a score thoughtr to be representative of the test-taker's general intelligence. This test is based on the idea that intelligence is a single measurable trait.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Test
A widely used college entrance examination
Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT)
Tests that report learner scores in terms of how they compare with expected scores of similar kinds of learners.
Standardized Tests
A movement that seeks to develop clear, measurable descriptions of what learners should know and be able to do as a result of their exposure to instruction in the schools.
Standards-Based Education
A multiple-intelligence framework developed by Robert Sternberg that includes componential intelligence, experiential intelligence, and contextual intelligence
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
A document that makes it legally possible for a person to teach in a state's schools
Teaching Certificate
A document that makes it legally possible for a person to teach in a state's schools
TEaching License
A document that makes it legally possible for a person to each in a state's schools.
Teaching Credentials
A sequence of tests, developed by the Educational Testing Service, that are widely used for the purposes of
1) screening prospective candidates for admission to professional teacher education
2)Ascertaining prospective teachers' eligibility for certification, licensure or credentialing; and
3) Evaluating teachers during their first year on the job.
Praxis Series
A component of the Praxis Series that is administered during the first year of teaching and that seeks to judge the quality of performance and provide a basis for professional-improvement plans
Praxis III
A component of the Praxis Series, often used to determine qualification for certification, licensure, or credentialing, that assesses teacher candidates' knowledge of the subjects they wish to teach and their knowledge of important pedagogical principles.
Praxis II
A component of the Praxis Series that tests prospective teacher candidates' proficiencies in reading, writing, and mathematics.
Praxis I
A set of organized information that helps the person who prepared it to synthesize what he or she knows in ways that allow for easy retrieval of information.
A category of standards that describe levels of proficiency that a given group of learners is expected to attain as a result of their exposure to a particular body of content.
Performance Standards
Standards developed by the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium that describe competencies needed by new teachers.
INTASC Model Core Standards
A group dedicated to identifying competencies new teachers should be able to demonstrate and to encourage colleges and universities to emphasize development of identified knowledge and skill abilities in their teacher-preparation programs
Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC)
A term used to describe testing situations in which scores individuals receive may have significant consequences of various kinds.
High Stakes Testing
A category that includes standards that describe what teachers are supposed to teach and what young people in their classrooms are expected to learn
Content Standards
A portfolio type that focuses on information prospective teachers gather that they will find helpful as they begin reflecting on information and skills they will need to become effective beginning teachers.
Initial-Development Portfolio