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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
law of identity
a is a
law of excluded middle
something is either A or not A
law of noncontradiction
something can not be both A and not A
problem: two-valued orientation, polarization
solution: multivalued, look at all in betweens
problem: intensional orientation (hold on to something, not change)
solution: extensional orientation, aware of change, the map is not a territory, a word is not a thing
bypassing
the pattern of missevaluation in which people fail to communicate their intended meanings in others words, you miss each other with the intended meaning
problem: indiscrimination, static evaluation, allness
solution: indexing, dating
safety devices
hyphen or quote
high level abstractions
-things you can't have, like you can't bring patriotism into class, only show examples
-love? money? success? when is enoguh enough?
denotation
dictionary definition
connotation
what comes to mind when you think of that word, gut reaction to the word
non-verbal communication
communicative, determined, contextual, belieable, rule goverened, metacommunicational
body movements (kinesics)
emblems, illustrators, affect displays, regulators, adaptors
emblems
nonverbal behaviors that translate words or phrases
illustrators
nonverbal behaviors illustrating the verbal message
affect displays (facial expressions)
you can fake emblems and illustrators, but hard to hife the unconscious facial expressions
regulators
nonverbal behaviors that regulate, monitor, maintain, or control the speaking of another
adaptors
nonverbal behaviors, when done privately, or public unseen, serve some basic need and are done in their entirety
self adaptors
not intended to communicate to others, just fulfill a personal need
object adaptors
non verbal behaviors that use some type of prop, but that is not absolutely needed
alter adaptors
movements learned in the manipulation of material things
metacommunication
communication about communication
micromomentary expressions
happens so fast, we are not sure it has any effect on the receiver
3 functions of eye communication
1. commune status relationship
2. nature of realtionship
3. desire for feedback form others
eye movements
duration
direction
quality
Space Communication (Proxemics)
Ed Hall
intimate, personal, social distance, and public distance
territorial encroachment
violation - unwarrented use of anothers area
invasion - entering the territory of another, and thereby changing it's meaning
contamination - unwarrented mass entering area of another
turf defense
move the person out of the area
insulation
barrier between you and invader
linguistic collusion
use of a language unfamiliar with that person
withdrawal
leave the area
central markers
items placed in a territory to reserve it for you
boundary markers
divide territories, ones from another
earmarkers
initials, something that identifies you
Touch Communication (Haptics)
sex, consolation, support, and dominance
Paralanguage Communication (Vocalics)
1. judgements about people
2. judgements about conversational turns
3. judgements about believability
4 promximity distances
intimate
personal
social distance
public distance
personal space (term?)
proxemics
body movements (term)
kinesics
time communication (term)
chronemics
touch communication (term)
haptics
4 ways to use SILENCE
prevent communication
as a weapon
as time to think
when we have nothing to talk about
breadth
very general terms
depth
opposite of breadth
certainty of effects
unpredictable, no absolute certainty
relationship developments
contact, involvement, intimacy, deterioration, and dissolution
advantages and disadvantages of chatting online
reveal as much of your physical self as you would want, when you want
3 reasons to enter a relationship
lessen loneliness
secure stimulation
acquire self knowledge
relationship dialectics theory
people in a relationship experience dynamic tension between opposite motives or desires
closed or open relationship
involves how exposed you want your relationship to be
atuonomy and connection
how independent of each other
novelty and predicatbility
how much is spontaneous and wut is common
7 maintenance strategies
prosocial behavior, ceremonial behavior, communication behavior, togetherness behavior, assurance behavior, sharing joint activites, using social networks
using social networks
relying on friends and relatives for support and help with various problems
3 types of friendships
reciprocity - loyal
receptivity - giver and receiver
association - transitory, not really there
cherishing behaviors
things that don't cost a lot that you can do frequently
ludus love
game
storage lovers
slow
manic lovers
extremes
pragmatic
looking around
eros lover
physical appearance
agapic lover
devotion
gothic lover
very devoted
faults for failure in relationship
you, them, both, no one
if a relationship goes bad...
make no change
dissolve relationship
change one or more of the elements
conflict
not always bad
resolves problems
stream rolling
non-negotiable
gunny-sacking
storing
types of context
physical, sociopsychological, temporal, cultureal