Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what type of bacteria can you not apply Koch's postulates to
obligate intracellular pathogens
if daughter cells dont separate after the completion of transverse wall during binary fision then what might result
filaments aggregate (this is common with cocci and is very stable)
four functions of the cytoplamic membrane
1. oxidative enzymes
2. enzymes for external wall synthesis
3. selective transport (nutrient)
4. secretes toxins
bacterial cell wall is made up of a polymer of
NAG - muramic acid (bound by glycosidic bond)

"peptoglyccan or mucopeptide"

cross linking between amino acid side chains
nucleoid does not have what two things that eukaryotes do
no chromosomes
no membrane
periplasmic space is only seen in what kind of bacteria
gm -

is between the CM and OM
penicillinase is found where in bacteria
periplasmic space
peritrichous flaggella vs. polar
peritrichous is all over and polar is on one end of cell
flagella moving in clockwise way produces what kind of movement
flagella moving in a counter clockwise way produces what kind of movement
straight line movement
F pili is important for
bacterial conjugation - (sex pili)
Type IV pili is important for
twitching movement (extension and retraction)
are spores highly differentiated
yes -
spore w/in bacterial cell
what does it mean that the the outer coat of a spore is proteinaceous
different than parent
three types of bacterial membrane transport
1. facilitated diffusion (carrier mediate)
2. phosphoenol pyruvate
3. Active Transport
type of membrane transport where chemical is transformed during transport
phosphoenl pyruvate
to test host w/ fungus
host cells are saponified by these two things leaving carbon rich wall of fungus
NaOH/KOH mount
used to distinguish bacterial vs fungal colonies
saline wet mount
histolotical stains which react w/ cell wall carbohydrate
india ink
S. aureus
Strep. pneumoniae
Listeria moncytogenes are all gm?
gram +
Neisseria are
gram -