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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the systematic, scientific study of human society
social marginality
being excluded from mainstream society
global village
a closely knit community of all the world's societies
economic globalization
the interrelationship among the world's economies
a tentative statement of how various events are related to one another
a set of logically related hypotheses that explains the relationship among various phenomena
social forces
forces that arise from the society of which we are a part
sociological imagination
the impact of social forces on individuals, especially on their privates lives
social integration
the degree to which people are tied to a social group
Auguste Comte
the "father of sociology", coined the term sociology as relating to the scientific study of sociology
the study of organization that allows societies to endure
the study of the processes by which societies change
Harriet Martineau
the first woman sociologist, condensed Comte's book about sociology
Herbert Spencer
Society can be compared to the living organism; all parts are interdependent, and a change in one affects all others
Karl Marx
Society needs conflict and competition
class conflict
the struggle between the people who own the means of production, and those who do not
Emile Durkheim
Pioneered the systematic application of scientific methods to sociology
Max Weber
Sociologists must go beyond what people do, beyond what can be observed directly
empathetic understanding of their subjects
Jane Addams
Founder of social work, and she set up Hull House, which was a center for social reform and research
W.E.B. DuBois
He founded the sociology department at Atlanta University; He focused on the racial problems in the United States
applied science
puts knowledge to use
macro view
focusing on the large social phenomena of society; e.g. social institutions and inequality
micro view
zeroing in on the immediate social situations in which people interact with each other
theoretical perspectives
a set of general assumptions about the nature of society
functionalist perspective
focuses on social order
social consensus
a condition in which most members of the society agree on what would be good for everybody and cooperate to achieve it
mechanical solidarity
a type of social cohesion the develops when people do similar work and have similar beliefs and values
organic solidarity
a type of social cohesion that arises when the people in a society perform a wide variety of specialized jobs and therefore have to depend on one another
manifest functions
functions that are intended and seem obvious
latent functions
unintended and often unrecognized
conflict perspective
portrays society as always changing and always marked by conflict
feminist theory
a form of conflict theory that explains human life in terms of the experiences of women
a system of domination in which men exercise power over women
symbolic interactionist perspective
directs our attention to the details of a specific situation and the interaction between individuals in that situation