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10 Cards in this Set

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what is the role of vets in emerging dz?
private and public roles regarding new and emerging dz threats to animal and human health, including natural, accidental, and intentional disasters
how do dz come about?
human, animal, and enviromental health problems can emerge or remerge after long periods of absence, quiescence, or low prevalence
what and why are the most important emerging diseases and potential bioterror agents for human and animal populations classified?
A: high priority agents include organisms or toxins that pose the highest risk to the public and national security because they are easily spread from person to person, high death rates and potential for major public health impact, might cause public panic and social disruption, special action for public health preparedness: anthrax (Bacillus anthracis), Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin), Plague (Yersinia pestis), Smallpox (variola major), Tularemia (Francisella tularensis), Viral hemorrhagic fevers
how are emerging diseases applicable in vet med?
examples and applications of epidemiology and preventive medicine to clinical practice including control of zoonotic dz in clinical settings and concepts in dz ecology
how do vets interact with the food supply?
define food hygiene prevention and intervention strateies designed to help ensure a safe food supply and limit common food borne dzs: food poisoning, E. coli, Salmonella, parasites (and how the govt responds)
What must veterinarians complete towards being federally accredited veterinarian?
USDA's NVAP (National Veterinary Accreditation Program), initial accreditation training: IAT (initial accreditation training) & EEDA (emerging and exotic diseases of animals)
Why do we take the NVAP?
recent incursions of foreign animal diseases in last decade, vet practitioners have been the first line of defense, increased live animal exports-4000 in 2005 to 15000 in 2009 (requires periodic re-certification, meet international standards as a serveillance structure)
what are the 2 types of NVAP accredited veterinarians?
Category I animals (all animals except food and fiber species, horses, birds, farm-raised aquatic animals, all other livestock species, and zoo animals that can transmit exotic animal diseases to livestock), Category II animals (all animals)
what are the steps in becoming an accredited veterinarian?
complete initial accreditation training (IAT), complete the core orientation program, complete a state specific orientation if required by the Area Vet in Charge (AVIC) in cooperation with the State Animal Health Official (SAHO), graudate with a DVM or equivalent from a college of Vet Med, be licensed or legally able to practice vet med in teh state in which you are applying, submit an original completed VS Form1-36A to the Area Office of the State in which the applicant wants to become authorized to perform accredited duties
what are our objectives in this course?
understanding patterns of dz in populations and predicting the consequences of a change in one part of the pattern on dz occurrence, knowing the ways in which vets and society in general can respond to changes in the patterns and occurrences of dz, understanding and embracing role as vet and responder both when patterns of dz do change and when they remain the same