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163 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
true sceintest lean towards (1)
quantitaive studies
true (1)lean towards quantitative studies
sceintest
How would both qualitative and quantitative researchers look a stroke differently/
(1)qualitative- would say use case studies w person in depth (2)quantitative would say what happens to 1,000 people that would have a stroke
NAME WHETHER IT IS QUALITATIVE OR QUANTITATIVE
this person would say use a case studies to look a people w strokes in depth
qualtitative
NAME WHETHER IT IS QUALITATIVE OR QUANTITATIVE
this person would say look at what happens to 1,000 people who have strokes
quantitaive
How does occupation based analyis begin w?
the person
What does the occupation based anyalysis focus on?
(1)the context in which the occupations is performed, including social demands (2)the motor, process, and communication skills needs for successful occupational performnace
NAME
this focues on the context in which the occupation is performed, including social demands, and the motor, process, and communication skills needed for succesful occupational performance
occupatin based activity anaylysis
Where did the study of occupation start from?
nursing after the civil war
What does occupation science offer OT? (2)
(1)is way to help OT to draw studies (2)gives some creditability in the health care field
NAME
this is a way to help OT to draw studies and gives us some creditability in the health care field
occupation science
What are disciplines?
is a group of like minded indivudals concerned w understanding particular phenomenas
NAME
this is a group of like minded indivudals concerned w understanding particular phenomenas
disciplines
Who was Porn?
a philopsher who said people w impairments can learn many new skills in a specfic environment
NAME
this person said people w impairments can learn many new skills in a specfic environments
Porn
How do OT use space in therpay? (2)
(1)we evaulte and treat the movements of the body in thier personal space (2)we acess and modify externally spaces
What is one problem w trying to find a special place?
soceity wants to make everything to be the same thing
What are the specfic meaning home can have?
(1)safety haven (2)familiar (3)love (4)comfort (5)memories
NAME
this can provide a safety haven, familiar, love, comfort, and memories
home
Where is the best place to get better?
home
What makes a community?
(1)to share things (2)interdependence (3)a sense of belonging
NAME
to have this you need to share things, have interdepedence, and a sense of belonging
community
We are no longer a culture of (1)
survival
Studies have shown that communites that value (1)and(2)havethe most thriving cultures
art and enterment
T or F
we are still a culture of survival
false
To have a healthy community, they must (1)
have a balance btwn the needs and quality of life
NAME
to have this you need a balance btwn the needs and quality of life
healthy community
How long does human development ocur?
all life
NAME
this is a lifelong process of changes
human development
What is the differ btwn development and change? (4)
(1)reversiblity (2)length of time (3)growth and maturation (4)distinctiveness
NAME
these terms differ by reversibility, distinctivness, length of time, growth, and maturation
development and change
T or F
devlopment involves change and all change is development
false
Does all change involve development?
no
What are (4) major perspectives on change occurs?
(1)preformationist (2)maturationsit (3)environmentalist (4)interactionist
NAME
the major perspectives of this include preformationist, maturationist, environmentalist, and interactionist
persepctives on how change ocurs
What is the preformationist view?
this is the view that little children all miniature adults who acquire all thier lifetime characteristics at conception including body shape and personalitly
NAME
in this veiw of human development, all little children are considered miniature adults who acquire all thier lifetime characterisitcs at conception including body shape and personlity
preformationist
When was the preformationist veiw popular?
during the middle ages until the 1800s
NAME
this view of human development was populare during the middle ages until the late 1800's
preformationist view
What is the Maturationist view?
they believed that human development was dictated by thier genes only
NAME
they beleived taht human development was dictated by thier genes only
Maturationist view
What is the environmentalism view?
believed that human development is impacted only by ones environment
NAME
they believed that human development is impacted only by ones environment
environmentalism
Where did environmentalism get its orgin from?
John Locke
NAME
this view of human development got its orgin from John Locke
Environmentalism
WHo was John Locke?
he believed that all indivudals were born w a empty infleunce or tabula rasa and that human development was only impacted by ones environment
NAME
he beliebed that all indivudals were born w a empty infleunce or tabula rasa and that human developmen was only impacted by ones environment
John Locke
What is tabula rasa mean?
is latin for blank slate
NAME
this is latin for blank slate
tabula rasa
What was the interactionist view?
they believed that human development is influenced by both ones environment and genes
NAME
they believed that human's development is influenced by both ones environment and genes
interacitonist view of human developemnt
What is genotype?
refers to thier genetic make up
NAME
this refers to ones genetic makeup
genotype
What is phenotype?
is the expression of ones genes in his or her environment
NAME
this is the expression of ones genes in his or her environment
phenotype
What is maturation?
refers developmental changes that are cuased or directed by genes
NAME
this refers to developmental changes that are caused or directed by genes
maturation
Most researchers lean toward an (1) of human development
interactionist perspective
(1) and (2) result from an interaction bwtn the indivdual and the environment
occupational performance and occupational competence
NAME
this results from an interaction btwn the indivudual and the environment
occupational performance and occupational competence
What equation did Lewin come up w in his field work?
B= f (PE)
NAME
he came up w this B= f (PE)
Lewin
What does the following symbols stand for?
B = f (PE)
B= meaning behvaior

P= the function of the person

E= his or her environment
What is occupational development?
is the gradual change in occupational behaviors over time resulting from growth and maturation of the indivdual in the interaction w the environment
NAME
is the gradual change in occupational behaviors over time resulting from growth and maturation of the indivdual in the interaction w the environment
occupational development
What is the continuity theory?
this theory states that both human development is a lifelong process
NAME
this theory states that both human development is a lifelong process
continuity theory
What is the multiple determinicity ?
is the interactionist perspective that holds that no single factor but multople factors determine human development
NAME
this is the interactionist perspective that holds that no single factor but multiple factors determine human development
multiple determinicity
What are (3) theories talk about occupational development?
(1)continuity theory (2)multiple determinicity (3)multiple patternicity
NAME
these include continuity theory, multiple determinicity, and multiple patternicity
theories of human development
According to the multople determinicty theory, what are the differ factors that can determine human development?
(1)person determinants (2)environmental determinants
NAME
this states that there are two main determinants of occupational development: personal determinants and environmental determinants
the multiple determinicity theory
According the multiple determinants theory, what are the personal determinants that can influence occupational development?
(1)heredity (2)learning/plasticity (3)active particpation
NAME
according to this theory, there are (3)personal determinats that can infleunce occupational development: heredity, learning/plasticity and active particpation
the multiple determinicity theory
According to the multiple determinicity theory, what are the differ environment determinants on occupational development? (2)
(1)physical and social (2)historical and cultural
NAME
according to this theory, there are (2) enivornmental determinants of occupational development: physical and social, and historical and cultural
the multiple determinicity theory
The ability to learn is a function of (1)
neural plasticity
(1) is a function of neural plasticity
the ability to learn
What is plasticity?
a neuroscientfic term refering to the ability of the central nervous system to adapt structurally or functionally in response to environmental demands
NAME
this is a neuroscientfic term refering to the ability of the central nervous system to adpat structurally or functionally in response to environmental demands
plasticity
bc occupation involves active doing, it follows that occupational development must demand (1)
active particpation
(1)particpation is essential throughout life
active
Give a example of how person determinants can influence a occupational development
some babies are born w learning disabilites
Who is Vygootsky?
wrote Mind in Society
NAME
he wrote Mind in Society
Vygootsky
What did the Mind in Society by Vygootsky say?
said coginitve development ocurs in humans based on use of langauge, and the child's interactions
NAME
his essay said that cognitive development occurs in humans based on the use of langauge and the child's interaction
Mind in Society by Vygootsky
What is the zone of development?
a theory that maintains that the learner follows the teacher
NAME
this is a theory that maintains that the learner follows the teacher
zone of development
What is scaffolding?
is based on the belief that humans can acquire skills through a step by step process taht imrpoves thier competnece by allowing the indivual to move toward a goal of independent performance
NAME
this theory is based on the belief that humans can acquire skills through a step by step process taht imrpoves thier competnece by allowing the indivual to move toward a goal of independent performance
scaffolding
According to the theory of multiple patternicity, what are (2)things that infleunce occupatinal development?
(1)multiple varation (2)changing mastery
NAME
according to this theory, multiple variation and changing the mastery can infleunce occupational development
multiple patternicity
What is multiple variation?
This states that occupational development is neither smooth nor undirectional and involving both decline and growth
NAME
according to this theory, occupational development is neither smooth nor undirectional and involving both decline and growth
multiple variation
What are (4) patterns that charaterize the development of various attributesm skills, and abilites? Describe what each one means
(1)continous-means increase w age (2)step-means can increase, stop, and/or start (3)inverted-U shape-- first increase, reach a plateau, and then decrease (4)U shaped--decrease, are absent, then increase
People are thought to have a natural drive for (1)
mastery
What are (3) sources of developmental tasks?
(1)physcial maturation (2)sociocultural pressure (3)personal value and aspirations
NAME
this has three sources: physical maturation, sociocultural pressure, and personal value and aspiration
developmental tasks
According to Rubin, what are the structural charceristics of communites?
(1)size (2)focus (3)relative stability (4)concrete social structure (5)particpative and congenial social interactions
NAME
according to him, these are the key charceristics of this, size, focus, relative stability, concerete social structure, particpative and cogenial social interactions
Rubin's key structural charceristics of communities
According to Rubin, what the size of a community be like?
it must be intermediat--thus small enough to provide a sense of community and large enough to enable members to feel they are part of a larger social structure
According to Rubin, what must the focus of a community be like?
it must address some important central problems of social life to help memembers feel connected to the larger society
According to Rubin, what must the social struture of a community be like?
people must be able to interact and id w each other
According to Rubin, what must the social interaciton in a community be like?
interations must be primary and secoundary and allow for social structure
Who was Rubin?
he came up w key strutural charateristics of communities
NAME
he came up w key structural charateristics of communities
Rubin
What is interdepedence?
is the fundamental experience of satisfaction of being and doing w others in shared occupations
NAME
this is the fundamental expereince of satisfaction of being and doing w others in shared occupations
interdepedence
What is sense of community?
is the feeling of safe and being supported by a group engenders feelings of loyalty and attachment
NAME
is the feeling of safe and being supported by a group engenders feelings of loylatly and attachment
sense of community
What are (4) ways to generate a sense of community?
(1)create a sense of belonging (2)fulfilling memembers needs (3)by providing infleunce (4)by offering shared connections
NAME
the following can generate this:
create a sense of belonging, fullfilling memembers needs, by providing infleunce, and by offering shared connections
sense of community
What is a agency?
refers to the mastery, self-assertionm and capacity of indivudals to reason and expert power through thought, language, and action
NAME
refers to the mastery, self-assertionm and capacity of indivudals to reason and expert power through thought, language, and action
agency
What is communion?
this refers to the joining w others to become part of a large whole
NAME
this refers to the joining of others to become a part of the large whole
communion
What is the broken window hypothesis?
this theory suggests that when structural disorders occur in neighborhoods, crime rises
NAME
this theory suggests that when structural disorders occur in neighborhoods, crime rises
the broken window hypothesis
What is a meme?
refers to an idea, belief, or other bit of info that is replicated through transmission to others immediatley over time
NAME
this refers to an idea, belief, or other bit of info that is replicated through transmission to others immediatley over time
meme
What is memetics?
is the science that studies the process and impact of idea generation and adoption
NAME
is the science that studies the process and impact of idea generation and adoption
memetics
What is sociobiology?
is a traditional field consisting of reserach on biological evolultion as a basis of group living, through many disciplines
NAME
is a traditional field consisting of reserach on biological evolultion as a basis of group living, through many disciplines
sociobiology
What is ecological niche?
refers to the environments or conditons to which particular species can succesfully adapt
NAME
this refers to the environments or conditions to which particular species can succesfully adapt
ecological niche
What is competition?
refers to the rivarly or struggle btwn or w/in species to secure resources natural for surivial
NAME
this refers to rivarly or struggle btwn or w/in species to secure resources natural for survival
competition
Cooperation is also known as the(1)
Alle effect
(1) is also known as Alle effect
cooperation
What is cooperation?
occurs when mememebers of a species work together to ensure reproduction and survival
NAME
this ocurs when memebers of a species work together to ensure reproduction and survival
cooperation
What is altruism?
is the willingness of an organism to cooperate w anther for survival
NAME
is the willingness of an organism to cooperate w another for survival
altruism
What is the free rider problem?
is the biological tendency to compete for advantage and survival results in attempts of some group memembers to take advantange of those efforts
NAME
this is the biological tendency to compete for advantage and survival results in attempts of some group memembers to take advantange of those efforts
free rider problem
What words does adaptation come from ?
is formed by the combo of Latin words ad + aptus which together mean toward a particular fit
NAME
this is formed by the combo of Latin words ad + aptus which together mean toward a particular fit
adapatation
What does exaptations mean?
refers to evolved traits that are functional
NAME
this refers to evolved traits that are functional
exapatations
Give ex of exaptations
the ability of fingers to hold pencils
NAME
a ex of this is the ability of fingers to hold penicls
exaptations
What is the game theory?
is the mathematical study of games and strategy
nAME
this is the mathematical study of games and strategy
game theory
What is the Prisoner's dilemma?
is a theory that states that players are better off if they select strategies of cooperation rather than competition
NAME
is a theory that states that players are better off if they select strategies of cooperation rather than competition
Prisoner's dilemma
What is sustainabiliy?
is the idea of conserving natural resources
NAME
this is the idea of conserving natural resources
sustainability
What is the healthy communities movement?
was started by the WHO to get everyone (meaning health instuitions, gov and non -profit angenices, communites,and the indivudal ) to be healthier
NAME
this was started by the WHO to get everyone (meaning health instuitions, gov and non -profit angenices, communites,and the indivudal ) to be healthier
the healthy communites movement
NAME
this type of occupation can build cooperation and enhance the social and possibly the economic strength of the community
volunteer occupation
NAME
this is the most pubicly recognized occupation
work
What is the concept of mass society?
refers to communites and socites that are deterioted to the point where there is a weak kinship, impersonal neigherhood, and feelings by indivudals of isolated and alienated bc of the increased sizes of cities due to industralization
NAME
this refers to communites and socites that are deterioted to the point where there is a weak kinship, impersonal neigherhood, and feelings by indivudals of isolated and alienated bc of the increased sizes of cities due to industralization
the concept of mass society
What is social capital?
is a set of informal values shared amoung memebers of a group that permits operation amoung them
NAME
this is a set of informal values shared amoung memembers of a group that permitss operation amoung them
social capital
(1)is often called qualitiative
naturalistice paradigm
Natrualistic paradigm is often called (1)
qualtitiative
Postivistic paradigm is often called (1)
quantitative
(1)is often called quantitative
postivistic paradigm
What is the differ btwn Anetnvsky and the humanistic view of well being / a good life?
(1)Antenvsky-- wellbeing is managable, comprehesible, and meaningful (2)humanistics said the good life is-- our physical settings, the activties we particpate in, our philosophical understanding, and our social harmony