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### 78 Cards in this Set

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 Perfect prime notation? P1 minor second notation? m2 Major second notation? M2 minor third notation? m3 Major third notation? M3 Perfect fourth notation? P4 tritone notation? tt Perfect fifth notation? P5 minor sixth notation? m6 Major sixth notation? M6 minor seventh notation? m7 Major seventh notation? M7 Perfect octave notation? P8 Perfect prime # of half steps? 0 half steps minor second # of half steps? 1 half step Major second # of half steps? 2 half steps minor third # of half steps? 3 half steps Major third # of half steps 4 half steps Perfect fourth # of half steps? 5 half steps tritone # of half steps? 6 half steps Perfect fifth # of half steps? 7 half steps minor sixth # of half steps? 8 half steps Major sixth # of half steps? 9 half steps minor seventh # of half steps? 10 half steps Major seventh # of half steps? 11 half steps Perfect octave # of half steps? 12 half steps Which interval always keeps the same quantity after inverting? tritone (tt), with 6 half steps Why is a tritone called a tritone? because the interval spans 3 whole steps, or 3 notes, or 6 half steps What 2 intervals are the equivalents of a tritone (tt)? 1. Augmented fourth (A4) 2. diminished fifth (d5) In any ASCENDING MAJOR SCALE, the intervals between the tonic and other members of the scale are ALWAYS ______ and _____? 1. Major or 2. Perfect In any DESCENDING MAJOR SCALE, the intervals between the tonic and other members of the scale are ALWAYS _____ and _____? 1. minor or 2. Perfect For Schaeffer's test, double sharps (X) and/or double flats (bb) are likely to be indicative of the following intervals: _____ or _____. 1. Augmented or 2. diminished What is the only interval that CANNOT be made SMALLER? Perfect unison What is the order in which one should approach identification of an interval? Determine: 1. letter names 2. interval # (quantity) 3. interval type (quality) For INVERSION OF SIMPLE INTERVALS, what is the sum of two interval numbers? Nine 1 inverts to _____. 8 2 inverts to _____. 7 3 inverts to _____. 6 4 inverts to _____. 5 5 inverts to _____. 4 6 inverts to _____. 3 7 inverts to _____. 2 8 inverts to _____. 1 There is NO SUCH INTERVAL AS _____. a diminished unison (d1). Two notes that are exactly the same CANNOT be brought closer together. Normally, Augmented intervals invert to diminished intervals and vice-versa, EXCEPT for _____. an Augmented octave (A8), which inverts to an Augmented unison (A1) What is the inversion of an Augmented prime (A1)? d8 What is the inversion of an Augmented octave (A8)? A1 When determining the QUANTITY of an interval on a staff, one counts from the (LOWEST/HIGHEST) note to the (LOWEST/HIGHEST) note. LOWEST --> HIGHEST NOTE QUALITY of an interval is determined by counting _____. the number of half steps QUANTITY of an interval can be determined by the number of _____ between notes on a music staff. # of letters How many UNIQUE notes are in an octave? 7 UNIQUE notes in an octave A(440) is what quantity and quality of an interval higher than middle C? Major sixth (M6) How many half steps is A(440) higher than middle C? 9 half steps (M6) 1 half step = how many cents? 1 half step = 50 cents 50 cents = how many hertz? 50 cents = 24.7 hertz 24.7 hertz = how many cents? 24.7 hertz = 50 cents 50 cents = how many half steps? 50 cents = 1 half step 1 half step = how many hertz? 1 half step = 24.7 hertz 24.7 hertz = how many half steps? 24.7 = 1 half step Define an interval. Intervals are the distances between pitches Where are the half steps located in a Major scale? Between degrees 3 & 4 AND between degrees 7 & 8 Where are the half steps located in a minor scale? Between degrees 2 & 3 AND between degrees 5 & 6 An interval is a description of the relationship between two _____. notes Two notes that sound SIMULTANEOUSLY are called a _____ or _____ interval. harmonic or vertical interval Two notes that sound SUCCESSIVELY are called a _____ or _____ interval. melodic or horizontal interval A SIMPLE interval is a pair of notes whose relationship to each other encompasses _____ or _____. an OCTAVE OR LESS. A COMPOUND interval is a pair of notes whose relationship to each other encompasses _____. MORE than an octave Interval NUMBER is based upon _____. alphabet names Interval TYPE is based upon _____. quality When is the ear training test for intervals? March 29th (Thursday), 5 minutes at the beginning of class On a music staff, _____ intervals are spaced either line <--> line OR space <--> space. Odd intervals A fifth interval has how many spaces between notes? 1 space between notes A seventh interval has how many spaces between notes? 2 spaces between notes A fourth interval has how many spaces between notes? 0.5 spaces A sixth interval has how many spaces between notes? 1.5 spaces An eighth interval has how many spaces between notes? 2.5 spaces Quality of an interval is determined by the # of _____. half steps There is no such interval as a _____. diminished unison (d1). The two notes that make up a perfect unison CANNOT be brought closer to each other.