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6 Cards in this Set

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Carter Doctrine
January of 1980, President Jimmy Carter’s State of the Union address in which he warned that an attempt from an outside force (the Soviet Union) to gain control of the Persian Gulf would be regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the United States and such will be repelled by any means necessary including military force.
Perestroika
1986: The policy of economic, political, and social restructuring instituted by Gorbachev in the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s.
NSC 68
National Security Committee 68: In 1950, President Truman approved NSC 68, another top secret Nation Security Strategy to undermine Soviet power and influence. NSC 68 provides an additional window into the minds of American leaders who chose to pursue an aggressive Cold War with the Soviet Union. NSC 68 begins by noting that at the end of World War II with the defeat of the German and Japanese empires, and the decline of the French and British empires, there are now two major global powers competing for global leadership and dominance, the United States and the Soviet Union. Declaring that the Soviets want to expand their control over the Eurasian land mass and eventually dominate the world, the United States is faced with a threat that could lead to the “destruction not only of the Republic but of civilization itself.” NSC 68 declares that “unwillingly our free society finds itself mortally challenged by the Soviet system.” This became American policy.
Arusha Accords
The Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) and the government of Rwanda signed the accords in August of 1993 in Tanzania. They forced a power share in Rwanda (50% of the officers in the military had to be Tutsi). The accords touched several points necessary for a lasting peace: a rule of law, repatriation of refugees, reinstallation of people displaced by the war through the power sharing and the fusion of both armies. They took away power from the president Habyarimana.
Terrorism
o A method of targeting and attacking innocent people to coerce a larger body to get what you want. It is different from being a criminal because criminals do not necessarily want political change and terrorists do. Bush says it is “premeditates politically motivated violence perpetrated against innocence.”
Franjo Tudjman
He was the president of the Republic of Croatia. He was the founder of the modern Croatian state. He made great contributions as a leader marking this decade. He created the Croatian army and won the presidency after the first multi-party elections.