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43 Cards in this Set

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Geopolitical premium
extra amount it costs over the production cost; price of security
Where the US gets its oil from.
20% Canada; then Mexico, Venezula and Saudia Arabia
US percentage of world military expenditures
48%
Global Polarity
trend of countries power; which ones are rising and falling
Liberal Theory
*human nature is basically good and that people can improve their conditions;war is not inevitable;importance of state and nonstate actors; no single definition of state'e national interest;
Neoliberalism
states that have continous interactions with each other choose to cooperate because they realize that they will have future interactions with the same states; believe in the lesson of the Prisoners Dilemma;
Functionalism
rooted in the belief that governance arrangements arise out of the basic, or functional, needs of people and states; EU and IOs
International Regimes
international law consists not only of formal prohibitions but also of more informal norms and rules of behavior that overtime may become codified and sometimes institutionalized
Realism
based on the assumption that individuals are basically power seeking and act in a rational way; states are the primary actors; IOs are a tool of states to be used when desired; believe deterence and balance of power are more effective in maintaining
Neorealism-structural realism
the international system's structure is determined by the ordering principle, namely the absense of overarching authority and the distribution of capabilities among
Strategic or Rational Choice Theory
view the markets as the most efficient mechanism of human behavior
Hegemonic Stability Theory
believes an open world economy is created and maintained through the power and leadership of a dominant or hegemonic state
Constructivism
the behavior of individuals, states, and other actors is shaped by shared beliefs, socially contructed rules, and cultural practices
Marxist theory
view IOs and international law as products of a dominant group of states, dominant ideas, and the interests of the capitalist class
Dependency theory
trade terms are unequal between the developing world and developed world; partially as a consquence of the history of colonialism
Treaty of Westphalia
ended the 30 Years War; recognized territorial sovereignty, right of ruler to chose state religion, and the prohibition of interference from supranational authorities like the Catholic Church
Concert of Europe
was established in 1815; multilateral meetings among the major European powers for the purpose of settling problems and cordinating action; solidified collective diplomacy and the special status for great powers
World Health Organization
began in 1948 as a UN specialized agency; World Health Assemby is the main decision making body; every country gets one vote
International Court of Justice
15 justices elected by the GA and SC for 9 year terms; in the Hague, part of the UN; has noncompulsory jurisdiction; deals with states only
noncompulsory jurisdiction
parties to a dispute must all agree to submit a case to the court; ICJ
International Criminal Court
has jurisdiction over serious war crimes that represent a policy or plan rather than random acts of war; no individual (except under the age of 18), including heads of state, are immune;US not a member
Article 2 of the UN Charter
sovereign equality of member states; states should refrain from force; UN will keep out of domestic issues
UN Conference on IO
convened in San Francisco on April 25, 1945; modified and finalized what had already been decieded by the great powers; US first country to ratify the charter
General Assembly
where all UN members are equally represented to a one state, one vote formula; has control over elections and the budget; general debate every September
Security Council
5 permanent members and 10 nonpermanent; nonperm. members elected for two year terms
Secretary-General
leads the secretariat, prepares the UN budget, submits annual reports to the GA; 5 year renewable term on recommendation of the SC and 2/3 of GA
good office
use of a 3rd party to help with negotiations (could involve backchannelling or providing facilities)
peacekeeping
Chapter 6 1/2; parties agree to presence; mission is to maintain peace; lightly armed; strict neutrality
peacemaking
no agreement to let the UN help; mission is to create peace; heavily armed; blame for conflict may be assigned
World Bank
only deal at the govt. level; largest multilateral source of funds for economic development in the world; head always American
IMF
provides temporary funds to govts to correct balance of payments deficits; head always european
Article 4 consultation
IMF helps but requires restructuring of the countries economic policies; cut social spending; encourage free trade
World Trade Organization
in Geneva; started as GATT, encourages free trade through lowering of tariffs and trade liberalization
CoCom
US led multilateral sanctions involving sensitive technologies against CCCP and other communist countries
Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
1970 entered into force; it is a bargain that in return for nonnuclear weapons states' pledge not to develope weapons they will be aided in gaining access to peaceful nuclear technologies in return the nuclear states promise to give up their weapons in the future
single largest recipient of US aid
Israel recieves $8 billion a year
straight 18 principle
calls for a ban on compulsory and voluntary recruitment of children under the age of 18
SC resolution 1441
condemning Iraq's breach of the 1991 ceasefire adn authorizing the resumptions of weapons inspections
forum shopping
the multiplicity of int. forums means that states can often choose where to take certain issues
power steering
involves getting agreement first among a small group of key states and then getting other states to accept their recommendations
Int. Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ICTY
est. by the SC in 1993; first war crimes tribuanl since Nuremburg; first time a sitting president testified against a former one
Rome Statue 1998
created the ICC; made it a permanent body that could try individuals and states; only acts when/if national courts cannot
2 major problems with the ICC
1-the perception of the court as a Western court
2-massification of evidence; witnesses