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27 Cards in this Set

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Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 8
REDUCTION OF NATIONAL ARMAMENTS TO LOWEST POINT CONSISTENT WITH NATIONAL SAFETY. THE COUNCIL SHALL FORMULATE PLANS FOR SUCH REDUCTION AND RECONSIDER AND REVISE THE PLANS EVERY 10 YEARS. MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE WILL EXCHANGE FULL AND FRANK INFORMATION AS TO THE SCALE OF THEIR ARMAMENTS. ATIONAL SAFETY.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 9
Permanent Commission to advise execution of peovisions articles 1-8.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 10
TO RESPECT AND PRESERVE AGAINST EXTERNAL AGRESSION OF ALL MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 11
ANY THREAT OF WAR IS A MATTER OF CONCERN TO THE WHOLE LEAGUE AND THE LEAGUE SHALL TAKE ACTION THAT MAY BE DEEMED WISE AND EFFECTUAL TO SAFEGUARD THE PEACE OF ALL NATIONS.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 12
IF A DISPUTE ARISES BETWEEN MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE, THEY WILL SUBMIT THE MATTER TO ARBITRATION OR A JUDICIAL SETTLEMENT AND AGREE NOT TO RESORT TO WAR UNTIL 3 MONTHS AFTER THE AWARD BY ARBITRATORS OR THE JUDICIAL DECISION OR REPORT OF THE COUNCIL.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 13
WHENEVER A DISPUTE ARISES BETWEEN MEMBER STATES, THEY WILL SUBMIT THE WHOLE SUBJECT-MATTER TO ARBITRATION OR JUDICIAL SETTLEMENT. THE COURT TO WHICH THE CASE IS REFERRED SHALL BE THE ICJ OR ANY TRIBUNAL AGREED ON BY THE PARTIES TO THE DISPUTE.MEMBERS WILL CARRY OUT ANY AWARD OR DECISION RENDERED IN GOOD FAITH OR THE COUNCIL SHALL PROPOSE WHAT STEPS ARE TO BE TAKEN.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 14
COUNCIL SHALL SUBMIT ADOPTION PLANS OF ICJ TO MEMBERS OF LEAGUE AND THE COURT SHALL BE COMPETENT TO HEAR ANY DISPUTE OF “INTERNATIONAL CHARACTER” AS WELL AS GIVE ADVISORY OPINION REFERRED BY THE COUNCIL OR ASSEMBLY.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 15
IF DISPUTE IS NOT SUBMITTED TO ARBITRATION OR JUDICIAL SETTLEMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE 13 – IT SHALL BE SUBMITTED TO THE COUNCIL. COUNCIL SHALL ENDEAVOUR TO EFFECT A SETTLEMENT OF THE DISPUTE. IF DISPUTE IS NOT SETTLED, COUNCIL WILL MAKE A REPORT WITH RECOMMENDATIONS IT DEEMS JUST AND PROPER. IF ALL MEMBERS AGREE WITH REPORT (BESIDES PARTIES IN DISPUTE) MEMBERS AGREE THEY WILL NOT GO TO WAR WITH ANY PARTY TO THE DISPUTE WHICH COMPLIES WITH RECOMMENDATIONS OF REPORT. IF FAIL TO REACH A UNANIMOUS REPORT, MEMBERS RESERVE RIGHT TO TAKE ACTION NECESSARY FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF RIGHT AND JUSTICE. IF DOMESTIC JURISDICTION, THE COUNCIL SHALL MAKE NO RECOMMENDATIONS AS TO SETTLEMENT. COUNCIL MAY IN ANY CASE REFER DISPUTE TO ASSEMBLY WHO CAN MAKE A REPORT THAT IS AS ENFORCEABLE AS A REPORT MADE BY THE COUNCIL.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 16
SHOULD A MEMBER RESORT TO WAR IN DISREGARD OF ITS COVENANTS, IT WILL HAVE COMMITTED AN ACT OF WAR AGAINST ALL OTHER MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE. THE ‘WARRING’ MEMBER WILL BE SUBJECT TO SEVERANCE OF ALL TRADE AND FINANCIAL RELATIONS. IT WILL BE THE DUTY OF THE COUNCIL TO RECOMMEND WHAT EFFECTIVE MILITARY THE MEMBERS SHALL SEVERALLY CONTRIBUTE TO PROTECT THE WHOLE LEAGUE. ANY MEMBER WHICH HAS VIOLATED ANY COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE MAY BE DECLARED NO LONGER A MEMBER BY A VOTE OF THE COUNCIL CONCURRED BY THE REPS OF ALL MEMBERS.
Covenant of the League of Nations; Article 17
A NON-MEMBER IN DISPUTE WITH A MEMBER OR NON-MEMBER STATE SHALL BE INVITED TO ACCEPT OBLIGATION OF MEMBERSHIP IN LEAGUE FOR PURPOSES OF DISPUTE. COUCIL WILL CONDUCT INQUIRY IF NON-MEMBER(S) ACCEPTS INVITATION. IF NON-MEMBER REFUSES TO ACCEPT AND RESORTS TO WAR WITH MEMBER, PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE 16 SHALL BE APPLICABLE. IF TWO NON-MEMBERS REFUSE TO ACCEPT OBLIGATIONS OF MEMBERSHIP, COUNCIL MAY TAKE SUCH MEASURES AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS THAT WILL PREVENT HOSTILITIES.
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT 1929 PARTIES?
US, AUSTRALIA, DOMINION OF CANADA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA;GERMANY, GREAT BRITAIN, INDIA, IRISH FREE STATE,ITALY, NEW ZEALAND, UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA, POLAND, BELGIUM, FRANCE, JAPAN
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT; ARTICLE 1
CONDEMN RECOURSE TO WAR FOR THE SOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL CONTROVERSIES
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT; ARTICLE 2
AGREE THAT SETTLEMENT OR SOLUTION OF ALL DISPUTES SHALL NEVER BE SOUGHT EXCEPT BY PACIFIC MEANS.
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT; ARTICLE 3
TREATY SHALL BE RATIFIED BY PARTIES NAMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE CONSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS. TREATY SHALL REMAIN OPRN AS LONG AS NECESSARY FOR ADHERENCE BY ALL THE OTHER POWERS OF THE WORLD. IT IS THE DUTY OF THE US TO FURNISH EACH GOVERNMENT WITH A CERTIFIED COPY OF THE TREATY.
KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT 1929
ALL ADDITIONAL PARTIES?
AFGHANISTAN, ALBANIA, AUSTRIA, BULGARIA, CHILE, CHINA, COSTA RICA, CUBA, DANZIG, DENMARK, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, EGYPT, ESTONIA, ETHIOPIA, FINLAND, GREECE, GUATEMALA,HONDURAS, HUNGARY, ICELAND, LATVIA, LIBERIA, LITHUANIA, LUXEMBOURG, NETHERLANDS, NICARAGUA, NORWAY, PANAMA, PERSIA, PERU, PORTUGAL, ROMANIA, RUSSIA, KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS AND SLOVENES, SIAM, SPAIN, SWEDEN, TURKEY, VENEZUELA
UN CHARTER Article 1
The Purposes of the United Nations are:
1.To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;
2.To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
3.To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and
4.To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 2
The Organization and its Members, in pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following Principles.
1. The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.
2. All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.
3. All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.
4. All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.
5. All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
6. The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.
7. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter Vll.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 39
The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 40
In order to prevent an aggravation of the situation, the Security Council may, before making the recommendations or deciding upon the measures provided for in Article 39, call upon the parties concerned to comply with such provisional measures as it deems necessary or desirable. Such provisional measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 41
The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 42
Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 43
1. All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
2. Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.
3. The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council. They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.
UN CHARTER ARTICLE 51
1.All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
2.Such agreement or agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces, their degree of readiness and general location, and the nature of the facilities and assistance to be provided.
3.The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council. They shall be concluded between the Security Council and Members or between the Security Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Article 5: Crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court
1.The jurisdiction of the Court shall be limited to the most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole. The Court has jurisdiction in accordance with this Statute with respect to the following crimes:
(a)The crime of genocide;
(b)Crimes against humanity;
(c)War crimes;
(d)The crime of aggression.

2.The Court shall exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression once a provision is adopted in accordance with articles 121 and 123 defining the crime and setting out the conditions under which the Court shall exercise jurisdiction with respect to this crime. Such a provision shall be consistent with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Article 121: Amendments
1.After the expiry of seven years from the entry into force of this Statute, any State Party may propose amendments thereto. The text of any proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall promptly circulate it to all States Parties.
2.No sooner than three months from the date of notification, the Assembly of States Parties, at its next meeting, shall, by a majority of those present and voting, decide whether to take up the proposal. The Assembly may deal with the proposal directly or convene a Review Conference if the issue involved so warrants.
3.The adoption of an amendment at a meeting of the Assembly of States Parties or at a Review Conference on which consensus cannot be reached shall require a two-thirds majority of States Parties.
4.Except as provided in paragraph 5, an amendment shall enter into force for all States Parties one year after instruments of ratification or acceptance have been deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations by seven-eighths of them.
5.Any amendment to articles 5, 6, 7 and 8 of this Statute shall enter into force for those States Parties which have accepted the amendment one year after the deposit of their instruments of ratification or acceptance. In respect of a State Party which has not accepted the amendment, the Court shall not exercise its jurisdiction regarding a crime covered by the amendment when committed by that State Party's nationals or on its territory.
6.If an amendment has been accepted by seven-eighths of States Parties in accordance with paragraph 4, any State Party which has not accepted the amendment may withdraw from this Statute with immediate effect, notwithstanding article 127, paragraph 1, but subject to article 127, paragraph 2, by giving notice no later than one year after the entry into force of such amendment.
7.The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall circulate to all States Parties any amendment adopted at a meeting of the Assembly of States Parties or at a Review Conference.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Article 122: Amendments to provisions of an institutional nature
1.Amendments to provisions of this Statute which are of an exclusively institutional nature, namely, article 35, article 36, paragraphs 8 and 9, article 37, article 38, article 39, paragraphs 1 (first two sentences), 2 and 4, article 42, paragraphs 4 to 9, article 43, paragraphs 2 and 3, and articles 44, 46, 47 and 49, may be proposed at any time, notwithstanding article 121, paragraph 1, by any State Party. The text of any proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations or such other person designated by the Assembly of States Parties who shall promptly circulate it to all States Parties and to others participating in the Assembly.
2.Amendments under this article on which consensus cannot be reached shall be adopted by the Assembly of States Parties or by a Review Conference, by a two-thirds majority of States Parties. Such amendments shall enter into force for all States Parties six months after their adoption by the Assembly or, as the case may be, by the Conference.
Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
Article 123: Review of the Statute
1.Seven years after the entry into force of this Statute the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene a Review Conference to consider any amendments to this Statute. Such review may include, but is not limited to, the list of crimes contained in article 5. The Conference shall be open to those participating in the Assembly of States Parties and on the same conditions.
2.At any time thereafter, at the request of a State Party and for the purposes set out in paragraph 1, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall, upon approval by a majority of States Parties, convene a Review Conference.
3.The provisions of article 121, paragraphs 3 to 7, shall apply to the adoption and entry into force of any amendment to the Statute considered at a Review Conference.