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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Natural events cause disasters



True

False
False
Vulnerability is closely associated with socio-economic positions.


True

False
True
Vulnerability is generated by what processes that influence how hazards affect people.


social

economic

political

risk
social
economic
political
How do the authors explain the relationship between Vulnerability Risk, and Hazard


R=HV


V=RH

H=VR
R=HV
Risk refers to the natural events that may affect different places singly or in combination and possibly at different times


True

False
False
Dynamic ‘pressures’ are found in the structure of particular societies


True

False
True
Root causes of vulnerability are often found in global economic and political process,



True

False
True
Famines are now likely in South Asia


True

False
False
This definition best explains which type of famine Rapid population growth outstripping the limits of global and regional food supplies.




Neo-Malthusian

Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation


Economic Theories of famine

Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights
Neo-Malthusian
This Type of famine relates to environmental limitations of food output, principle through drought



Neo-Malthusian


Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation


Economic Theories of famine


Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights Emergencies
Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation
This Type of famine is seen as being caused by a fall in or by the failure of people to generate effective demand to purchase the food they need




Neo-Malthusian


Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation


Economic Theories of famine


Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights Emergencies
Economic Theories of famine
Theories of famine can be considered which of the folowing strands.




Neo-Malthusian

Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation


Economic Theories of famine


Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights Emergencies
Neo-Malthusian


Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation



Economic Theories of famine



Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights Emergencies
The Access Model sets out to explain at the micro-level:


The establishment and trajectory of vulnerability.

The variation between individuals and households

The Impact of Multi Hazards

The resiliency of communities
The establishment and trajectory of vulnerability.


The variation between individuals and households
Biological Hazards include:


Disease of plants

Epidemics that affect livestock

Micro-organisms such as those responsible for epidemic human diseases

Chemical terrorist attacks
Disease of plants


Epidemics that affect livestock


Micro-organisms such as those responsible for epidemic human diseases
The Access Model is designed to understand complex and varied sets of social and environmental events and processes that may be associated with a disaster.


True

False
True
Expressed schematically the authors view is that the risk faced by people must be seen as a cross cutting combination of vulnerability and hazard


True

False
True
Hazard refers to the natural events that may affect different places singly or in combination at different times


True

False
True
To which model is this paragraph referring to

Root causes of vulnerability are often found in global economic and political process, while dynamic ‘pressures’ are to be found in the structure of particular societies


Access

PAR

Resource

KELP
PAR
Name the type of famine that focuses on:

The political aspect of famine
Human rights aspect of famine
The emerging complexities of contemporary famine.
Neo-Malthusian


Environmental “Supply –Side” Explanation



Economic Theories of famine



Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines and Human Rights Emergencies
Neo-Malthusian
The __________is designed to understand complex and varied sets of social and environmental events and processes that may be associated with a disaster.

Par
Access
Access
The text discusses _____ theories of famine
3
5
4
6
4
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Systems promoting unequal assets holding prompts bias in floods precautions
Private gain may promote wrong protection measures
Population growth puts more people in flood path



Root Cause

Dynamic Pressure

Unsafe Conditions

Disaster Event
Root Cause
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Class
Low income means poor self-protection; livelihood is in dangerous place; few assets so less able to recover.
Gender
Poorer nutrition means woman may be more prone to disease.
State
Poor support for social protection; regional or urban bias leaves others less protected
Root Cause
Dynamic Pressure
Unsafe Conditions
Disaster Event
Dynamic Pressure
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Physical Environment
Poor self Protection
House on lowland
House material easily erode
Land erodible
Root Cause
Dynamic Pressure
Unsafe Conditions
Disaster Event
Unsafe Conditions
Which are stages of the PAR MODEL?
Root Cause


Dynamic Pressure


Unsafe Conditions



Disaster Event
Root Cause


Dynamic Pressure


Unsafe Conditions



Disaster Event
The increase in flooding is causing developed countries to rethink their policies restricting or attempting to control water ways. The new thought is to allow rivers to flow naturally or unimpeded.
True
False
True
Vulnerability is both biophysical hazard and social response in a specific area


True

False
True
According to the authors discussion about disasters,Natural system and human system are not related


True

False
False
According to the PowerPoint’s which type of vulnerability corresponds with the following: susceptibility of social groups or society- at- large to potential losses




Individual vulnerability

Social vulnerability

Biophysical vulnerability

Universal vulnerability
Social Vulnerability
According to the PowerPoint’s which type of vulnerability corresponds with the following: potential for loss derived from interaction of society and environment



Individual vulnerability

Social vulnerability

Biophysical vulnerability

Universal vulnerability
Biophysical vulnerability
According to the PowerPoint Human activities modify physical events



True

False
True
According to the PowerPoint’s which type of vulnerability corresponds with the following: personal potential or sensitivity to loss




Individual vulnerability

Social vulnerability

Biophysical vulnerability

Universal vulnerability
Individual vulnerability
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Class
Low income means poor self-protection; livelihood is in dangerous place; few assets so less able to recover.
Gender
Poorer nutrition means woman may be more prone to disease.
State
Poor support for social protection; regional or urban bias leaves others less protected



Root Cause

Dynamic Pressure

Unsafe Conditions

Disaster Event
Dynamic Pressure
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Physical Environment
Poor self Protection
House on lowland
House material easily erode
Land erodible


Root Cause

Dynamic Pressure

Unsafe Conditions

Disaster Event
Unsafe Conditions
Match the following description with the appropriate PAR model stage.

Systems promoting unequal assets holding prompts bias in floods precautions
Private gain may promote wrong protection measures
Population growth puts more people in flood path



Root Cause

Dynamic Pressure

Unsafe Conditions

Disaster Event
Root Cause
Which are stages of the PAR MODEL?


Root Cause

Dynamic Pressure

Unsafe Conditions


Disaster Event
Root Cause
Dynamic Pressure
Unsafe Conditions

Disaster Event
The increase in flooding is causing developed countries to rethink their policies restricting or attempting to control water ways. The new thought is to allow rivers to flow naturally or unimpeded.


True

False
True
1. Which of the following causes of death has the highest percentage of deaths?
a. Epidemics
b. Accidents
c. Political violence
d. Rapid-onset disaster
c. Political violence
2. What does GM stand for?
a. Generically modified
b. Genetically modified
c. General measures
d. General motors
b. Genetically modified
3. CPR stands for:
a. Computer progress report
b. Community powered response
c. Common property resources
d. Common pressure release
c. Common property resources
4. The current crisis in Africa is being blamed political and economic factors and drought.
True
False
True
5. Biological hazards can only affect people and animals.
True
False
False
6. Which category does physical environment, public actions and institutions, fragile economy and health fall under?
a. Hazard types
b. Root causes
c. Dynamic pressures
d. Unsafe conditions
d. Unsafe conditions
7. Which earthquake had the largest financial and economic losses then any other disaster?
a. Kobe
b. Mexico City
c. Guatemala
d. Loma Prieta
a. Kobe
8. The R in the CARDIAC risk reduction acronym stands for release.
True
False
False
What accounts for the most deaths during a disaster?

A) Slow-onset disaster

B) Rapid-onset disaster

C) Political violence

D) Epidemics
Political Violence
Which of the following factors make up the progression of vulnerability?

A) Root Causes

B) Unsafe Conditions

C) Dynamic Pressures

D) All of the above
D) All of the above
Which of the following isn’t a type of capital listed in the Access Model?

A) Social Capital

B) Political Capital

C) Financial Capital

D) Natural Capital
Political Capital
People obtain food through how many different types of entitlement relationships in private-ownership market economies?

A) 7

B) 4

C) 5

D) 3
5
Biological Hazards can come from which of the following organisms?

A) Fleas

B) Birds

C) Grasshoppers

D) All of the above
All of the above
True or False: According to the book, people are the cause of floods as well as water.
Ture
True or False: According to the book, the history of the conflict between the Hindu and Muslims was a dynamic pressure in the Gujarat earthquake.
False, Root Cause instead of dynamic pressures
In the seven-letter acronym CARDIAC, the D stands for what?

A) Disaster

B) Development

C) Demonstrate

D) Discourage
Development
True or False, It is a risk to separate natural disasters from the social frameworks that influence how natural hazards affect people.
True
The Pressure and Release Model is described as _______, with increasing pressures on people arising from either side – from their vulnerability and from the impact of the hazard.

a. Can opener

b. Nutcracker

c. Tongs

d. Pizza cutter
Nutcracker
[multiple answer] The Access Model focuses on the way unsafe conditions arise in relation to the _______ and _______ processes that allocate assets, income, and other resources in a society.

a. Economic

b. Social

c. Governmental

d. Political
Economic
Political
True or False, Although often linked with drought, floods or epidemics, famine can also occur without a well-defined trigger event in nature.
True
Biological hazards include _____-organisms.

a. micro

b. macro
micro
True or False, The media and popular consensus of floods has not shifted significantly to suggestions that disasters were happening because people and buildings were in the wrong places on flood-prone land.
False
True or False, More than half the world’s population lives in coastal areas and is expected to develop uninterruptedly in the following decades.
True
multiple answer] Which of the following are among the five approaches to risk reduction in the face of earthquakes and volcanoes:

a. They can be used as opportunities to challenge the root causes of vulnerability

b. Local institutions can be strengthened and the capability of families to reduce their own vulnerability can be improved

c. Reconstruction following a disaster can tap into local knowledge and strengthen livelihoods

d. They provide opportunities to develop effective risk assessment with god cost-benefit arguments for protective measures

e. They provide an opportunity to educate political leaders and decision makers about the deeper causes of vulnerability and disaster.
All of the above
T/F-Disasters are a complex mix of natural hazards and human action?
True
What is MDC stand for?
Mitigation Disaster Coordination
B-More Disastrous Countries
C-More Developed Countries
D-Multiple Disaster Communities
More Developed Countries
How many boxes are in the Axis Model Outline?
A-4
B-8
C-20
D-7
8
What does FAD stand for?
A-Food Availability Decline
B-Food Availability Distribution
C-Food and Drive
D-Federal Association of Disasters
Food Availability Decline
Multiple answers: Which of the following are types of hazardous floods?
A-Flash floods
B-Tsunami floods
C-Slow-on set floods
D-Tropical cyclone floods
A-Flash floods
B-Tsunami floods
C-Slow-on set floods
D-Tropical cyclone floods
What did the Kobe earthquake read on the Richter scale?
A-10.3
B-2.6
C-1
D-7.2
D-7.2
What is the acronym for ‘risk reduction objectives’?
A-COOLERS
B-CARDIAC
C-CADILAC
D-MITIGATE
B-CARDIAC
True or False
Vulnerability is closely associated with socio-economic positions.
True
True or False
The term hazard refers to technological events that affect different places
False
What does the access model explain?
A) Impact of a disaster as it unfolds

B) Variation between individuals and households

C) The establishment and trajectory of vulnerability

D) All of the above
D) All of the above
True or False
Famine although often linked to drought, flood, or epidemic can also occur as a result of other human actions.
True
True or False
Insects and other animals can transmit disease or destroy.
True
Which of the following are causes of floods?
A) Dam Floods

B) Flash Floods

C) Landslides

D) All of the above
D) All of the above
Which of the following are a type of vulnerability?
A) Individual Vulnerability

B) Social vulnerability

C) Biophysical vulnerability

D) All of the above

E) None of the above.
D) All of the above
Define Vulnerability-----------
A. Potential loss
B. Potential gain
C. Potential increase
D. All above
A. Potential loss
Compound functions of Risk
A. R=HV
B. R=HD
C. R=VH
D. Both A and C
A. R=HV
The purpose of the access model
A. The impact of a disaster as it unfolds
B. The role and agency of people involved
C. What the impacts are on them
D. How the cope
E. All are correct
E. All are correct
there are blank theories of famine
A. 3
B. 2
C. 4
D. 5
C. 4
Micro-organisms are the biological hazards
A. True
B. False
A. True
Which one of the follows is not a cause of floods?
A. Dam failure
B. Flash flood
C. Landsides
D. Land flow
D. Land flow
Social processes modified by natural conditions
A. False
B. True
B. True
How many risk objectives are there?
A. 5
B. 6
C. 8
D. 7
D. 7
A much greater proportion of the worlds populations find their lives shortened by events that often go unnoticed. Which of these events are not one of them:

A. Violent Conflict
B. Epidemics
C. Illness
D. Hunger
B. Epidemics
Which of the following is not an example of hazards under the progression of vulnerability model:

A. Flooding
B. Landslide
C. Dangerous Locations
D. Virus and Pests
C. Dangerous Locations
Which model focuses on the way unsafe conditions arise in relation to the economic and political processes that allocate assets, income and other resources in a society:

A. PAR
B. Environmental Supply-Side Explanation
C. Economic Pressure of Famine
D. Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines, and Human Rights Emergencies
E. Access
E. Access
The third strand of the theories of famine is defined as famine seen as being caused by a fall in or by the failure of people to generate effective demand to purchase the food they need. This strand is called:

A. Environmental Supply-Side Explanation
B. Economic Theories of Famine
C. Neo-Malthusian
D. Complex Emergencies, Policy Famines, and Human Rights Emergencies
B. Economic Theories of Famine
True or False: Movement can introduce people to health threats if a large change in latitude or a shift to another ecosystem is involved.
True
True or False: Over the past decade the most extensive and damaging floods have occurred in the most under-developed countries.
False
This hazard arises during the summer over the oceans in a belt north and south of the equator and causes damages with high winds, surges, and inland flooding:

A. Tornadoes
B. Volcanic Eruptions
C. Tropical Cyclones
D. Thunderstorms
C. Tropical Cyclones
Which vulnerability is susceptible for social groups or society-at-large to potential losses:

A. Individual
B. Biophysical
C. Social
D. Economic
B. Biophysical