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38 Cards in this Set

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tighter grain..from trees that lose their leaves in the winter..can be carved and worked in more detail
hardwood
open grain...trees do not drop needles in winter...less expensive
softwood
made by lamination...substitute for solid wood...used in furniture design
plywood
"chipboard" made by compressing flakes of wood with resin under heat and pressure to form a solid panel...will not warp
particleboard
produced by gluing fine wood fibers under heat and pressure...MDF
hardboard
furniture pieces made with upholstery
case goods
thin slice of beautifully grained wood bonded to plywood or particle board
veneer
the markings and textures in a piece of wood created by the arrangement of the fibers
grains
the half log (flitch) is cut parallel to a line through the center of the log...vaulted or cathedral like grain
plain slicing
quarter log is cut so the blade meets the grain at right angles to the growth rings...straight striped grain
quarter slicing
shave a continuous thin layer or wood from a log mounted to a lathe...broad, open, and bold grain
rotary slicing
junctions or closures that fasten pieces of lumber together
joints
reinforcement on corner or joint...lateral stability
corner joint
reinforcement of a joint...peg put in for strength
dowels
joint, notches...pieces fit into each other
dovetail
45 degree angle, nice looking but not super strong
miter
peg fits into hole
mortise and tenon
finish developed over time from oils
pigfat finish
aesthetics, protection from moistures
finish
a paint process to make it look antique...swipe paint before dry
antiquing
treating a piece to make it look antique/worn--beating it
distressing
common metals for furniture
aluminum
brass
chrome
iron
steel
stainless steel
woven basket-like material...small twigs and flexible strips of wood
wicker
pole like material use for the frame of wicker
rattan
thin strips interwoven to make honeycomb pattern
cane
leaf twisted to make a chord, wrapped around frame to make a seat
rush
blind item, you can't see inside it
upholstery
made of wood usually, holds the piece together/in place...?
frame
on bottom of frame...jute
webbing
tied in 8 different places and looks like a coil
8-way hand-tied coil spring
spring that looks like a wave
sinuous wire spring
goes on coil spring system under fabric to protect it...cotton wad
padding
separates the padding from the springs
casing
commonly made of polyeurothane foam...
cushion
chord with fabric wrapped around it stitched all around the cushion
welt
super chairs...for people sitting at a desk all day
ergonomics
modular stuff used in offices, flexible
system furniture
what you can't find, people will make for you...made specifically for you
custom design