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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
integument
~organ, outer covering of the body
~hair, skin, special glands
functions of integumentary system
~protection of internal organs
~temp regulation
~vit D synthesis
structures of the skin
~epidermis
~dermis
~subcutaneous
epidermis
~outer, dead portion
stratum germinativum
~layer of epidermis able to reproduce self
stratum corneum
~outermost layer of epidermis
keratin
~protein that makes cells tough, dry, somewhat waterproof
melanin
~pigment responsible for color of skin
dermis
~"corium", true skin
~supplied with blood vessels, nerves, glands, hair follicles
papillae
~small fingerlike projections
subcutaneous layer
~superficial fascia
~connects skin to muscle surface
functions of the subcutaneous layer
~stores water & fat
~insulates the body
~protects underlying organs
~provides pathway for nerves & blood vessels
sudoriferous glands
~sweat glands
~dermis & sub-Q
composition of sweat
~water, salts, urea, uric acid, ammonia, sugar, lactic acid, ascorbic acid
ceruminous glands
~excrete cerumen
~external ear canal
cerumen
~ear wax
sebaceous glands
~oil glands
~secrete sebum through hair follicles
sebum
~oily secretions
~lubricates skin & hair
~inhibits bacterial growth
hair
~dead epidermal tissue
~root, shaft, follicle
nails
~composed of compressed keratin
pruritis
~symptoms of itching
macule
~flat area
~change color skin
~less than 1cm
~EX: freckles, flat moles, measles
papule
~elevated, firm
~less than 1cm
~EX: wart, elevated mole
patch
~flat, irregular shape
~more than 1cm
~EX: mongolian spots, port wine stains
plaque
~elevated, firm, rough lesions with flat top surface
~more than 1cm
~EX: psoriasis
nodule
~elevated, firm
~deeper than dermis
~1-2cm
tumor
~elevated, solid lesion
~deeper than dermis
~more than 2cm
~EX: benign tumors, hemangiomas
vesicle
~elevated, superficial with serous fluid
~less than 1cm
~EX: varicella, herpes zoster
bulla
~vesicle more than 1cm
~EX: blister
pustule
~elevated, superficial lesions with purulent fluid
~EX: acne
cyst
~elevated, encapsulated lesion
~dermis & sub-Q
~filled with liquid or semisolid material
telangiectasia
~fine, irregular red lines produced by capillary dilation
~EX: rosacea
scale
~flaky skin, ireegular
~thick or thin; dry or oily
~EX: dry skin
lichenification
~rough, thickened epidermis secondary to persistent rubbing, itching, or irritation
~EX: chronic dermatitis
keloid
~irregular, elevated
~caused by excessive collagen formation during healing
scar
~thin-thick fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin following injury or laceration
excoriation
~loss of epidermis
~hollowed-out
~EX: abrasion, scratch, scabies
fissure
~linear crack
~EX: athlete's foot, corner of the mouth
erosion
~loss of part of the epidermis
~EX: varicella after rupture
ulcer
~loss of epidermis/dermis
~concave
~EX: pressure sores, stasis ulcers
crust
~dried serum, blood, or purulent exudate
~elevated
~EX: scab, eczema
atrophy
~thinning of skin surface
~EX: aged skin
assessment of skin lesions - PQRST
P - provocative/palliative
Q - quality/quantity
R - region
S - severity
T - time
assessment of possible skin cancers - ABCDE
A - is the mole Assymetrical
B - are the Borders irregular
C - is the Color uneven or irregular
D - has the diameter of the growth changed recently
E - has the surface area become Elevated
Acyclovir
T: Zovirax
A: antiviral
SE: (topical) burning, rash, pruritus
NI: use glove to apply, cover lesion completely
Antihistamines
T: Benadryl, Vistaril, Atarax
A: blocks histamine receptors; inhibits allergic reactions
SE: drowsiness, dizziness
NI: avoid alcohol/CNS depressants
Corticosteroids (topical)
T: Lidex, Kenalog,