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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is another name for lymph vessels?
lymphatics
what are the three lymphoid nodules (lymphoid tissues)?
aggregate lymphoid nodules (peyer's patches)
appendix
tonsils
what receives the tissue from lymph cappilaries?
lymph vessels
what is the name for small masses of lympatic tissue arranged along the course of lymph vessels through which the fluid passes en route to the venous system?
lymph nodes
what organ produces lymphocytes (esp. t cells)
thymus
what organ produces lympocytes, functions in immune response, and phagocytosis
spleen
what are form plexi and meet with lymph nodes?
lymph calpillaries
where does the lymph go affter travelling through the lymph capillaries? what does it bring them to?
afferent vessels to nodes
what vessel pick the lymph up after it is filtered?
efferent vessel
what lymph duct is large and runs with the azygous vein at the vertical column? where does it drain into?
throacic duct
left subclavian
where is te cisterna chyli found?
within the thoracic duct
what duct receives lymph from lymph trunks from the the R head, neck and upper trunk? where does it drain/
right lymphatic duct
right subclavian
what lymph duct collects lymph from all of the body except the right head neck and upper trunk?
thoracic duct
what nerves sense pain and temp and are found in the papillary layer dermis? what tract do they project to?
free nerve endings
lateral thalmic tract
what nerves sense light touch and are found in the dermal pappillary layer?
Meissner's corpuscles
what nerves are found in the deep epidermis and sense general touch?
What tract do they project to?
Merkel's discs
dorsal columns
what nerves sense light touch and are found in the dermal pappillary layer?
Meissner's corpuscles
what nerves are found in the reticular layr of the dermis and sense stretch?
Ruffini corpuscles
what nerves are found in the reticular layer and sense vibration? what tract do they project to?
Pacinian Corpuscles
to dorsal column
what makes up the hair follicle?
the papilla and bulb
what surrounds the hair papilla?
the hair bulb
what is the connective tissue with nerves, vessels etc associated with the hair?
the papilla
what are the sensory nerves surrounding the base of the follicle?
root hair plexus
what is the cutaneous membrane?
skin
What is the outermost layer of the skin made of stratified squamous epithelium?
epidermis
what layer of the epidermis is where the stem celss are found? what other cell is found in this layer?
stratum germinativum
menlanocytes
what layer of the epidermis is a few layers thick and there is still some cell division taking place? (2nd deepest)
stratum spinosum
what layer of the epidermis is the deepest?
the stratum germinativum
what layer of the epidermis is the 3rd deepest and where most of the cell division is now over
stratum granulosum
what layer is the 2nd most superficial and exists only within thick skin?
straum lucidum
what layer of the epidermis is the most superficial that contains only dead cells and is sloughed off every two weeks?
stratum corneum
where is thick skin found and what layer of the epidermis is found only here?
on palms and soles of feet
stratum lucidum
what determines the darkenss of skin?
the amount of melatonin each cell produces (not # of cells)
what is the second layer of the cutaneous membrane that is much thicker than the other layers?
dermis
where is thick skin found and what layer of the epidermis is found only here?
on palms and soles of feet
stratum lucidum
what layer of the dermis is superficial, and composed of loose connective tissues and vessels?
the papillary layer
what layer of the dermis is deep and made of a dense mesh of irregular connective tissue (z.B. collagen)
reticular layer
what is the deepest layer of the cutaneous membrane where adipose tissue, blood vessels, nerves etc. are found?
subcutaneous layer
what muscles attact at the papillary layer and the hair follicle and cause the hair to stand on end?
arrector pili muscles
what are the functions of hair?
protect f/ UV trama
prevents entry to certain areas
what glands produce sebum and have no channel to the skin and instead secret thru the hair follicle?
sebaceous glands
what glands produce sebum and have their own channels to secrete to the skin?
sebaceous follicles
what sweat glands secrete into the hair follicles? where are these found?
apocrine sweat glands
armpit
groin
what sweat glands have their own channels for secretion which are called sweat pores?
merocrine sweat glands
what protein makes nails?
keratin
what is the place where the cells are produced?
the root
what is the lunula?
the little moon on the nail
what is the eponychium?
the deep part of the nail in junction with the skin
what is the hyponychium?
the skin under the nail
what is a network of specialiezed capillaries and small collecting ducts that provide another route for the return of tissue fluid to the blood stream that serves and important role in filtration and immune mechanisms?
lymphatic system
what is composed of very small lymph capillaries which begin at the intercellular spaces of most body tissues?
lymph plexuses