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60 Cards in this Set

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How often does a VOR need to be checked for IFR flight?
Must be checked within the last 30 days
What are the alternate airport requirements?
If from 1 hour before to 1 hour after your planned ETA, You need an alternate if the weather is forcated to be below
2000ft ceiling
3 miles vis
1-2-3 Rule
If an alternate is required, what are the required minimums?
If an IAP is published for that airport, alternate minimums specified in that procedure or, if none are specified, the following. minimums:
600 and 2 for Precision
800 and 2 for Non-precison
-If there is no Approaches, then field must be VFR
1-8 1-2-3 rule
What is the definition of Ceiling?
Lowest of Overcast, Broken or Obscured
What is the difference between a Visual and a Contact approach?
A Visual approach is initiated by ATC
A Contact approach is initiated by the pilot.
AIM 5-4-20, 5-4-22
When Cleared to to execute a published side step maneuver, at what point is the pilot expected to execute this maneuver?
As soon as the runway environment is clearly in sight
When Being vectored to the final approach course of an IFR approach, When may the pilot decend to published altitudes?
Only when approach control clears the pilot for the approach.
What action should be taken when approach control clears the pilot for an approach while being radar vectored and still on an unpublished route?
Remain at the last assigned altitude until established on a published route segment.
What action should be taken if vectored through an IFR approach course?
Contact approach control and advise them that you are about to cross a final approach course
If being radar vectored to a published instrument approach that specifies NO PT, the pilot should?
(i.e. do you execute the PT)
Not execute a Procedure Turn unless specificly instructed to do so by ATC.
When a approach procedure involves a procedure turn, what is the maximum speed that should be observed from first overheading the IAF throught the Procedure turn?
200 Knots IAS
Aim 5-4-8
What minimum ground visibility may be used instead of prescribed visibility of RVR 16 when RVR is not reported?
(1/4mile) RVR may be converted to ground visibility using legend 91.175
When must a pilot initiate a missed approach procedure from an ILS approach?
If at DH, the runway visual references are not in sight or if pilot loses sight of them
Under which condition may a pilot decend below DH or MDA when when using an ALSF-1 approach lighting system as primary visual reference for intended landing runway?
Pilot may not decend below 100ft above TDZE unless either red terminating bars or red side row bars a distinctly visible.
What are the test error limits when doing a VOR check?
-Ground Check +- 4°
-VOT Test +- 4°
-Duel VOR Check within 4°
-Airborne Check +- 6°
What is the standard instrument takeoff minimums (for hire)?
1 sm visibility for aircraft with 1 or 2 engines.
1/2 sm visibility for aircraft with more than 2 engines.
-does not apply to part 91 flights
How often does a Transponder need to be inspected?
24 calendar months.
How often does a Altimeter/Pitot Static need to be inspected?
24 calendar months.
How often does a Annual need to be inspected?
12 calendar months.
How often does a VOR need to be tested for IFR flight?
30 days.
What are the requirements for Special VFR Operations?
-Special VFR clearance.
-1 sm ground vis for takeoff and landing.
-1 sm flight vis.
-Clear of clouds.
-Instrument rating and IFR aircraft required at night. Pilot and aircraft must be instrument current.
When is an alternate not required?
1-2-3 rule: When at the destination airport is better then
+- 1 hour of planned ETA.
2000' ceilings or greater and
3 miles vis or greater.
What is a MSA?
Minimum Sector Altitude
1,000' obstacle clearance within 25 miles of navaid.
What is a MOCA?
Minimum Obstruction Clearence Altitude:
Navigational reception within 22nm, obstacle clearance.
What is a MVA?
Minimum Vector Altitude.
At least 500' clearance during radar vectors.
What is minimum IFR altitudes?
-Except for takeoff and landing, never operate below published minimum altitudes (MEA, MOCA). A pilot may operate below MEA and at or above MOCA within 22nm of the VOR.
-If no minimum altitudes are published:
A) below 1000' above highest obstacle within 4nm.
B) below 2000 above highest obstacle within 4nm (in mountainous areas).
Speed limits:
below 10,000 msl?
250 kts.
Speed limits:
At or below 2,500 AGL within 4nm of class C or D airspace.
200 kts.
Speed limits:
In class B airspace, special flight rules area or undrneath class B?
200 kts
Holding Speed limits:
MHA through 6,000' msl?
200 kts.
Holding Speed limits:
6001 to 14,000 msl?
230 kts.
Holding Speed limits:
Above 14,000' msl?
265 kts
Holding Speed limits:
All altitudes when depicted on a chart by icon?
175 kts
Holding Speed limits:
6001' to 14,000' msl when depicted on a chart by icon?
210 kts
Instruments/equipment required for day VFR flight (91.205)?
G-as gauge
O-il pressure gauge
O-il temperature gauge
S-eat belts
A-irspeed indicator
When is DME required?
At flights above 24,000'msl.
What are the components of an ILS?
-Approach lights
-Marker beacons
Substitutes for Marker Beacons?
- Compass locator or precision radar may substitute for an Outer or Middle Marker.
-DME, VOR, NDB or airport surveillance radar may substitute the Outer Marker if authorized in approach procedure.
No Pilot may operate below DH or MDA unless?
1)Must be in a position for normal decent and landing with normal manuevers
2)Flight visibility must not be less then the minimums for that approach.
3)Must have runway lights paint or pavement in sight.
When must a pilot execute a missed approach?
1)If arrived at the missed approach point and runway is not in sight.
2)If the pilot goes full scale deflection.
3)If during a circle to land, the pilot loses sight of the runway.
4)If the pilot busts MDA
what are the Required IFR communications?
-Any unforcasted weather conditions
-anything affecting the safty of flight
-loss of any navigational equipment
-Going missed and state intentions.
-Vacating an assigned altitude.
-change in altitude while VFR-on-top.
-unable to climb or decend 500'/min.
-change in airspeed of 5% or 10 kts, which ever is greater.
-time and altitude upon reaching a clearence limit or holding fix.
-leaving an assigned holding fix.
10 items
What required IFR communications while in a non-radar environment?
-time and altitude reaching a designated reporting point.
-final approach fix or outer marker inbound.
-change in ETA reaching next reporting point +- 3min.
-over points defining a direct route
4 items
Lost Comms:
What route should you fly?
Lost Comms:
What altitudes should you fly?
Highest of:
Lost Comms:
Leave the holding fix but to not arrive to FAF before?
-Expected approach clearence time.
-ETA on flight plan.
Light-Gun signals:
Seady red?
Ground: STOP!

Flight: Give way to other aircraft and continue circling.
Light-Gun signals:
Flashing Red?
Ground: Taxi clear of runway in use
Flight: Airport unsafe-DO NOT LAND!
Lost Comms:
What altitudes should you fly?
Highest of:
Lost Comms:
Leave the holding fix but to not arrive to FAF before?
-Expected approach clearence time.
-ETA on flight plan.
Light-Gun signals:
Seady red?
Ground: STOP!

Flight: Give way to other aircraft and continue circling.
Light-Gun signals:
Flashing Red?
Ground: Taxi clear of runway in use
Light-Gun signals:
Steady Green?
Ground: Clear for Takeoff
Flight: Cleared to Land
Light-Gun signals:
Flashing Green?
Ground: Cleared to Taxi
Flight: Return to field for landing and expect steady green.
Light-Gun signals:
Flashing White?
Ground: Return to starting point.
Light-Gun signals:
Alternating Red and Green
Normally, the course is 4nm wide, what is the width on the intermediate approach segment?
2nm wide.
What are the speed ranges for the different aircraft approach categories?
i.e. A, B, C, D, E
What is the circling minimum criteria for the aircraft approach catagories?
357 23 45
What is RNP?
Required Navigational performance
What is the test configuration for VMC?
-Max gross weight.
-VMC Speed(red line)
-Critical engine windmilling
-5 Degrees of bank
-Takeoff power
-landing gear down
-flaps down
-cowl flaps open
-most rearward CG (because the arm is shorter, giving less effective rudder athority).