Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When inorganic acids, bases or salts dissolve in water, they dissociate. What does this mean?
dissociate - they separate into ions and become surrounded by water molecules
a substance that dissociates into one or more hydrogen ions (H+) and one or more anions (negatively charged ion)
What is another name for an acid?
proton donor because H+ is a single proton with one positive charge
removes H+ from a solution and is a proton acceptor
when dissolved in water, dissociates into cations and anions, neither of which is H+ or OH+
True or False.
Acids and bases react with one another to form salts.
True. EX: HCl + KOH -> H+ + Cl- + K+ + OH- -> KCl + H2O
Acid + Base -> Dissociated ions -> salt and water
What is the pH scale?
a way to express a solution's acidity or alkalinity; scale extends from 0 to 14
pH 0 is _______________; pH 7 is _______________; pH 14 is _______________.
pH 0 = acidic
pH 7 = neutral
pH 14 = basic (alkaline)
What does a pH scale of 7 mean?
midpint of pH scale where the concentration of H+ and OH- are equal
Homeostatic mechanisms maintain the pH of blood between __________ and __________.
7.35 and 7.45
buffer system
function to convert strong acids or bases into weak acids or bases.
the chemical compounds that can convert strong acids or bases into weak ones
carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system
can compensate for either an excess or a shortage of H+