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461 Cards in this Set

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Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis
most common= Streptococcus pneumoniae (G+ coccus) and Haemophilus influenzae (G- pleomorphic rod)
Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
Coxsackie A-24 virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Enterovirus 70 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Acute hemorrhagic cystitis
Adenovirus 11 and 21 (Adenovirus)
Acute rhinosinusitis
respiratory viruses usually
Acquired Immunodeficiency Sydrome (AIDS)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1 and HIV-2) (retrovirus)
Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA)
late skin manifestation of latent Lyme disease- Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochetes)
Adult T-cell Leukemia-Lymphoma (ATLL)
Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
African Sleeping Sickness - Trypanosomiasis - African
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (tsetse fly-borne)
Echinococcus multilocularis (larval cestode infection)
Alveolar hydatid ?
Amebiasis
Entamoeba histolytica (protozoan parasite)
Amebic meningoencephalitis
Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba species, and Balamuthia mandrillaris (protozoan)
Anthrax - Black Bane- Malignant pustule- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease-
Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Ascariasis - Roundworm infections
Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematode)
Aseptic meningitis
Coxsackie B virus, Echovirus, Mumps virus, Coxsackie A virus, Polio virus, (5 most common) then Human Herpesvirus 1, Arboviruses, Lymphocytic choriomeningitis viruses (Arenavirus), Encephalomycarditis viruses, Louping Ill virus, Pseudolymphocytic meningitis virus, Hepatitis viruses, Adenoviruses, Rhinoviruses.
Athlete's foot - Tinea pedis
Trichophyton spp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Australian tick typhus- Australian Spotted Fever- Queensland Tick Typhus
Rickettsia australis, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Avian Influenza- Bird Flu
Influenza virus A H5N1
Babesiosis
Babesia microti (protozoan parasite; transmitted by dear tick)
Bacillary angiomatosis
Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Bacterial vaginosis
Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis and various anaerobic bacteria including Mobiluncus sp., and Prevotella sp.
Balanitis
Candida albicans (yeast)- most common.
Balantidiasis
Balantidium coli (flagellated protozoan)
Bang's disease - Brucellosis
Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus; zoonoses)
Bartonellosis - Verruga peruana- Carrion's disease - Oroya fever
Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Bay sore - Chiclero's ulcer
Leishmania leishmania mexicana (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Beef tapeworm
Taenia saginata
Bejel - endemic syphilis
Treponema pallidum var. pallidum
Biphasic meningoencephalitis
Central European tick-borne encephalitis, Czechoslovak tick-borne encephalitis, Diphasic milk fever, Tick-borne encephalitis, Viral meningoencephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis virus- Flaviviridae
Bird Flu- Avian Influenza
Influenza virus A H5N1
Black Bane- Anthrax- Malignant pustule- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease
Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
"Black death" (plague)
Yersinia pestis (G- rod: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Black piedra
Piedraia hortai (fungal infection of hair shaft)
Blackwater Fever- Malaria
Plasmodium falciparum (sporozoan parasite)
Blastomycosis- Chicago disease- Gilchrist’s disease- North American blastomycosis
Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Blennorrhea of the newborn
Chlamydia trachomatis
Blepharitis- infestation of the eyelash follicle by a mite. This results in an allergic reaction which leads to an inflammatory
reaction and secondary infection with
Staphylococcus aureus or Staphylococcus epidermidis
Boils
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Bornholm disease (pleurodynia)
Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Botulism
Clostridium botulinum (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Boutonneuse fever- Fievre boutonneuse- Tick typhus
Rickettsia conori (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Brazilian purpuric fever
Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Break Bone fever- dandy fever
Dengue virus (Flaviviridae)
Brill-Zinsser disease - recrudescent typhus
Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; flea-borne)
Bronchiolitis
Respiratory syncytial virus (Paramyxovirus), Parainfluenza virus (Paramyxovirus)
Brucellosis
Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus; zoonoses)
Bullous impetigo
Staphylococcus aureus
Buruli ulcers- Mycoburuli ulcers
Mycobacterium ulcerans
Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis- Torulosis- European blastomycosis
Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
California group encephalitis
California encephalitis virus, La Crosse virus, Jamestown Canyon, Snowshoe hare virus (Bunyavirus) mosquitoes
Candidiasis- Moniliasis- infection of the mucous membranes (mouth, esophagus, vagina) caused by
Candida albicans.
Capillariasis
Capillaria philippinensis (intestinal nematode)
Carate - Mal del pinto - Pinta
Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Carbuncle
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Carrion's disease - Bartonellosis - Oroya fever
Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia
Cat Scratch fever - Cat Scratch Disease
Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Cave disease- Darling's Disease- spelunker’s disease- Histoplasmosis
Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Central Asian hemorrhagic fever- Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever- Congo fever
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus- Bunyavirus- Nairovirus
Central European tick-borne encephalitis- Diphasic milk fever- Biphasic meningoencephalitis, Czechoslovak tick-borne encephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis, Viral meningoencephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Cervical cancer
human papilloma virus (Papovavirus)
Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Chicago disease- Blastomycosis- Gilchrist’s disease- North American blastomycosis
Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Chikungunya fever
Chikungunya virus- Togaviridae- Alphavirus
Chagas disease - Trypanosomiasis - American
Trypanosoma cruzi (Triatomine bugs= kissing bug or assassin bugs)
Chickenpox
Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Leishmania leishmania mexicana (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Chiclero's ulcer - Bay sore
Chlamydial infection
Chlamydiae trachomatis (Obligate intracellular)
Cholera
Vibrio cholerae (G- rods: facultative-curved: enteric pathogens)
Chromoblastomycosis
Fonsecaea pedrosoi (fungus)
Clap - Gonorrhea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Clonorchiasis - Liver fluke infection
Clonorchis sinensis (liver flukes)
Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever, desert rheumatism, Posada-Wernicke disease
Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus)
Coenurosis
Taenia spp.(larval cestode infection)
Colorado tick fever
Colorado tick fever virus (Reovirus)
Congo fever- Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus- Central Asian hemorrhagic fever
Bunyavirus- Nairovirus
Condyloma accuminata - Warts
Papilloma virus
Condyloma lata
Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (spirochete) secondary syphilis
Conjunctivitis
Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Chlamydiae trachomatis (Obligate intracellular)
Cowpox
vaccinia virus (Poxvirus)
Crabs - Pediculosis
lice
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
prion (a protein)
Croup, infectious
parainfluenza viruses 1-3 (Paramyxovirus)
Cryptococcosis- Busse-Buschke disease- Torulosis- European blastomycosis
Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Cutaneous Larval Migrans
Ancylostoma braziliense (filariform larvae; parasite) and many other parasitic worms normally found in animals.
Cyclosporiasis
Cyclospora cayetanensis
Cysticercosis
Taenia solium (larval form of the cestode)
Cystic hydatid
Echinococcus granulosus (larval cestode infection)
Cystitis
most common= Escherichia coli, others include Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp., Serratia sp., Proteus sp., Providencia sp., Morganella sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, (the previous organisms are G- rods), Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus agalactiae, (G+ cocci), and Candida albicans (yeast)
Dacryocytitis
Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae
Dandy fever- break Bone fever
Dengue virus (Flaviviridae)
Darling's Disease- cave disease- spelunker’s disease- Histoplasmosis
Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Deer fly fever, tularemia, lemming fever, rabbit fever, O'Hara disease, Francis disease
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Dengue - Break Bone fever- dengue fever
dengue virus (Flavivirus)
Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever- Posada-Wernicke disease
Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus)
"Devil's grip"(pleurodynia)
Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Diphasic milk fever- Biphasic meningoencephalitis, Central European tick-borne encephalitis, Czechoslovak tick-borne encephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis, Viral meningoencephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Diphtheria
Corynebacterium diphtheriae (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous)
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
most commonly Escherichia coli (G- rod)
Dwarf tapeworm
Hymenolepis nana (intestinal cestode)
Dog tapeworm
Diphylidium caninum (intestinal cestode)
Donovanosis - Granuloma inguinale
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis (G- rod; Donovan bodies)
Dracontiasis - Guinea Worm
Dirofilaria medinensis (parasitic worm)
Dracunculosis
Dracunculus medinensis (parasite; nematode; "Little dragon of Medina")
Duke's disease- viral rash
Coxsackievirus or Echovirus
Dum Dum Disease - Kala Azar - Visceral Leishmaniasis
Leishmania leishmania donovani, L. leishmania infantum, L. leishmania chagasi (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Durand-Nicholas-Favre disease - Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
Chlamydia trachomatis (intracellular G- bacteria; the L serotypes)
Eastern equine encephalitis
EEE virus (Togavirus)
Ebola hemorrhagic fever
Ebola virus (Filovirus)
Ectothrix - fungal infection of the hair shaft
Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
Ehrlichiosis
Ehrlichia sp. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Epidemic typhus
Rickettsia prowazekii, (G- intracellular; spread by lice)
Encephalitis
Mumpsvirus, Human Herpesvirus 1 (Herpes Simplex 1 Virus), Any of 350 different arboviruses, Enteroviruses (polio, Coxsackie, ECHO), Adenovirus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Endemic Relapsing fever
Borrelia sp.
Endemic syphilis -Bejel
Treponema pallidum var. pallidum
Endophthalmitis
Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes
Endothrix - fungal infection of the hair shaft
Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
Enterobiasis - Pinworm infection
Enterobius vermicularis (intestinal nematode)
Epidemic Relapsing fever
Borrelia recurrentis
Epiglottitis
Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens
Erysipeloid - Erysipelothricosis
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (G+ rod)
Erysipelis
Streptococcus pyogenes
Erythema chronicum migrans
Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochetes)
Erythema marginatum
Streptococcus pyogenes (nonsuppurative complication of Strep throat)
Erythema multiforme - seen in coccidioidomycosis
Coccidioides immitis
Erythema nodosum - seen in coccidioidomycosis
Coccidioides immitis
Erythema nodosum leprosum
Mycobacterium leprae
Erythema infectiosum- (Slapped cheek syndrome; fifth disease)
Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Erythrasma
Corynebacterium minutissimum
Espundia
Leishmania viannia braziliensis (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Eumycotic mycetoma- Madura foot
Pseudallescheria boydii, Madurella grisea,Madurella mycetomatis (fungi)
European blastomycosis- Torulosis- Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis-
Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Eyeworm - Loiasis
Loa loa (parasitic worm)
Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- "Sudden Rash", Rose rash of infants, 3-day fever
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis- Spring-summer encephalitis- Russian spring-summer encephalitis- Taiga encephalitis- Russian spring-summer encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Fascioliasis - Liver fluke infection
Fasciola hepatica (liver flukes)
Fievre boutonneuse- Tick typhus
Rickettsia conori
"Fifth" disease (erythema infectiosum)
Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Filatow-Dukes' Disease- Scalded Skin Syndrome- Ritter's Disease
taphylococcus aureus- (exfoliative toxin producing strains)
Fish tapeworm
Diphyllobothrium latum
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome - Perihepatitis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Five-day fever, Trench fever, Shinbone fever, Wolhynia fever, Quintana fever, His-Werner disease
Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Flinders Island Spotted Fever
Rickettsia honei
Flu- Influenza
Influenza viruses A, B, and C (Orthomyxovirus)
Four Corners Disease - Human Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Sin Nombre Virus (Hantaan virus group; Bunyavirus)
14-day measles- Rubeola-measles- Morbilli- Hard measles
Rubeola virus
Frambesia - Yaws
Treponema pallidum var. pertenue
Francis disease, O'Hara disease, deer fly fever, lemming fever, tularemia, rabbit fever
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Furunculosis = boil- furuncle
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Folliculitis
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
Gas gangrene
Clostridium perfringens (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Gastroenteritis
Norwalk virus (Calicivirus), rotavirus (Reovirus)
Genital Herpes
Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (Human Herpes Virus-2) occasionally HSV-1 (HHV-1)
Genital Warts
Human Papilloma virus (various serotypes)
German measles- Rubella- 3-day measles
Rubella virus
Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker (GSS)
prion (a protein)
Giardiasis
Giardia lamblia
Gilchrist’s disease- Chicago disease- Blastomycosis- North American blastomycosis
Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
Gingivostomatitis
HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Gingivitis
various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Glanders
Burkholderia mallei (used to be named Pseudomonas mallei; G- rod)
Gnathostomiasis
Gnathostoma spinigerum (third stage larvae of a nematode (parasitic worm)
Gonorrhea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Granuloma inguinale - Donovanosis
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis (G- rod)
Guinea Worm - Dracontiasis
Dirofilaria medinensis (parasitic worm)
Hamburger disease- Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Escherichia coli O157 H7 strain
Hand-foot-mouth disease
Coxsackie A-16 virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Hansen's disease - leprosy
Mycobacterium leprae (Acid-fast positive)
Hantaan-Korean hemorrhagic fever
Hantavirus (Bunyavirus)
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Hantavirus (Bunyavirus)
Hard chancre - syphilis
Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum
Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles - Morbilli
Rubeola virus
Haverhill fever - Rat bite fever
Streptobacillus moniliformis (G-; rod)
Helicobacterosis - duodenal ulcers
Helicobacter pylori (G- curved rod)
Hepatitis A
hepatitis A virus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Hepatitis B
hepatitis B virus (Hepadnavirus)
Hepatitis C
hepatitis C virus (Flavivirus)
Hepatitis D
hepatitis D virus (Deltavirus)
Hepatitis E
hepatitis E virus (Calicivirus)
Herpangina
Coxsackie A (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Enterovirus 7 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Herpes, genital
HSV-2 (Herpesvirus)
Herpes labialis
HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Herpes, neonatal
Herpes, neonatal
Hidradenitis
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ coccus)
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus (Retrovirus)
Histoplasmosis
Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
His-Werner disease, Quintana fever, 5-day fever, Trench fever, Shinbone fever, Wolhynia fever
Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Hookworm infections
Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus (intestinal nematode)
Hordeola- Stye
Staphylococcus aureus
HTLV- associated myelopathy (HAM)
Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
Human Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) - Four Corners Disease
Sin Nombre Virus (Hantaan virus group; Bunyavirus)
Human monocytic ehrlichiosis
Ehrlichia chaffeensis. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis
Ehrlichia equi. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Hydatid cyst
Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Echinococcus vogeli (larval cestode infection)
Hydrophobia - Rabies
Rabies virus (Rhabdovirus)
Impetigo
Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus
Inclusion conjunctivitis - Swimming Pool conjunctivitis- Pannus
Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Infantile diarrhea
Escherichia coli (ETEC- enterotoxigenic E. coli)
Infectious Mononucleosis
Epstein-Barr virus (Herpesvirus; HHV-4)
Infectious myocarditis
Coxsackie B1-B5 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Infectious pericarditis
Coxsackie B1-B5 (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Influenza- Flu
Influenza viruses A, B, and C (Orthomyxovirus)
Israeli spotted fever
unnamed Rickettsia (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Isosporiasis
Isospora belli (protozoan)
Japanese B encephalitis virus
JEE virus (Flavivirus)
Jock itch - Tinea cruris
Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
orge Lobo disease - lobomycosis, Lobo's mycosis, Keloidal blastomycosis
Paracoccidioides loboi (Fungus)
ungle yellow fever, Yellow fever, Sylvatic yellow fever, Urban yellow fever, Vomito negro, Yellow Jack
Yellow fever virus- Flaviviridae, Flavivirus
Junin Argentinian hemorrhagic fever
Juninvirus (Arenavirus)
Kala Azar - Visceral Leishmaniasis
Leishmania leishmania donovani, L. leishmania infantum, L. leishmania chagasi (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Keratoconjunctivitis (*) - Viral conjunctivitis
Adenovirus (Adenovirus), HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Kaposi's sarcoma
Human Herpes Virus 8 (Herpesvirus) or Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpes Virus (KSHV)
Kuru
prion (a protein)
Kyasanur forest disease
KFD virus (flavivirus) tick-borne
LaCrosse encephalitis
LaCross virus (Bunyavirus)
Lassa hemorrhagic fever
Lassavirus (Arenavirus)
Legionnaire's pneumonia
Legionella pneumophila (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Lemming fever- tularemia, rabbit fever, deer fly fever, O'Hara disease, Francis disease
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Leprosy (Hansen's disease)
Mycobacterium leprae (Acid-fast positive)
Leptospirosis
Leptospira interrogans (spiral shaped bacteria)
Lemierre's Syndrome
Fusobacterium necrophorum (G- rod; anaerobe)
Listerosis
Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod)
Liver fluke infection
Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, Fasciola hepatica (liver flukes)
Lockjaw - Tetanus
Clostridium tetani (G+ rod; anaerobe)
Loiasis - Eyeworm
Loa loa (parasitic worm)
Louping Ill
Flavivirus (arbovirus) ticks
Ludwig's angina
usually a polymicrobial infection (cellulitis of the floor of the mouth with spread to the submental, sublingual and submandibular spaces). Bacteria from mouth.
Lung fluke infection
Paragonimus westermani
Lyme disease
Lyme disease
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
Chlamydia trachomatis (intracellular G- bacteria; the L serotypes)
Machupo Bolivian hemorrhagic fever
Machupovirus (Arenavirus)
Madura foot- Eumycotic mycetoma
Pseudallescheria boydii, Madurella grisea,Madurella mycetomatis (fungi)
Malaria
Plasmodium sp. (protozoan parasite)
Mal del pinto - Pinta
Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Malignant pustule- Black Bane- Anthrax- Wool sorter's disease- Tanner's disease
Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Malta fever - Brucellosis
Brucella sp. (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Marburg hemorrhagic fever
Marburg virus (Filovirus)
Measles - Morbilli- Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles
rubeola virus (Paramyxovirus)
Mediterannean spotted fever
Rickettsia coronii, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Melioidosis - Whitmore's disease
Burkholderia pseudomallei (used to be called Pseudomonas pseudomallei; G- rod: aerobic)
Meningitis, aseptic
Coxsackie A and B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), Echovirus (Picornavirus: Enterovirus), lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (Arenavirus), HSV-2 (Herpesvirus), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast)
Meningitis, bacterial
Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci), Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous), Streptoccoccus pneumoniae (G+ cocci), Group B streptococcus (G+ cocci)
Milker's nodule
Parapoxvirus
Molluscum contagiosum
Molluscipoxvirus (Poxvirus)
Moniliasis- candidiasis
Candida albicans
Monkeypox
Monkeypox virus- Poxviridae- Chordopoxvirus
Mononucleosis
Epstein-Barr virus (Herpesvirus; HHV-4)
Mononucleosis-like syndrome
Cytomegalovirus (CMV; Herpesvirus; HHV-5)
Montezuma's Revenge- Traveler's diarrhea
Any number of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Vibrio, etc.), viruses (Rotaviruses, Norwalk-like agents), or parasites (Giardia, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium)that cause diarrhea.
Morbilli- Hard measles- Rubeola- measles- 14-day measles
Rubeola virus
Mucormycosis- Zygomycosis
Rhizopus arrhizus (fungus)
Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome or MODS
Most are due to bacterial infections. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. urinary tract think Escherichia coli; community acquired pneumonia think Streptococcus pneumoniae).
Mumps
mumps virus (Paramyxovirus)
Murine typhus
Rickettsia typhi (G- intracellular; rodents and fleas)
Murray Valley encephalitis
Flavivirus (arbovirus) mosquito
Mycoburuli ulcers- Buruli ulcers
Mycobacterium ulcerans
Mycotic vulvovaginitis
Candida albicans (yeast)
Myositis
Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus
Negishi
Flavivirus (arbovirus) vector unknown
Necrotizing fasciitis
Type 1= Streptococcus pyogenes: Type 2= Staphylococcus aureus
New world spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Sao Paulo fever
Rickettsia rickettsii (Obligate intracellular)
Nocardiosis
Nocardia (G+: non-sporulating: filamentous)
Nongonococcal urethritis
Chlamydia trachomatis (G-; intracellular bacteria), Mycoplasma genitalium (bacterium without a cell wall), Ureaplasma urealyticum (bacterium without a cell wall), Gardnerella vaginalis (G variable rod), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite), and Herpes Simplex virus (herpes virus)
North American blastomycosis- Gilchrist’s disease- Chicago disease- Blastomycosis
Blastomyces dermatitidis (dimorphic fungus)
North Asian tick typhus
Rickettsia sibirica (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Norwegian itch - Scabies
Sarcoptes scabiei (parasitic mite)
O'Hara disease, deer fly fever, tularemia, lemming fever, rabbit fever, Francis disease
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Omsk hemorrhagic fever
OHF virus (Flavivirus; tick borne)
Onchoceriasis - River Blindness
Onchocerca volvulus (parasitic worm)
Onychomycosis- Tinea unguium - Ringworm of the nails
Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Opisthorchiasis - Liver fluke infection
Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus (liver flukes)
Opthalmia neonatorium - Gonorrhea
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (G- cocci)
Ornithosis - Parrot fever - Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Oral hairy leukoplakia
Epstein Barr Virus (Human Herpes virus 4)
Oriental Spotted Fever
Rickettsia japonica (G- intracellular; tick-borne)
Oriental Sore
Leishmania leishmania major and L. leishmania tropica (protozoan parasite) sandfly
Orf
Orfvirus (Poxvirus)
Oroya fever - Carrion disease - Bartonellosis
Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Otitis media
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, various viruses.
Otitis externa
Otitis externa
Parotitis - Mumps
Mumps virus (paramyxovirus)
Paronychia
Candida albicans (yeast), Herpes Simplex virus (herpes virus)
Parrot fever - Ornithosis- Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Pannus
Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Paragonimiasis - Lung fluke infection
Paragonimus westermani
Paracoccidioidomycosis
Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (dimorphic fungi)
PCP pneumonia
Pneumocystis carinii
Pediculosis
lice
Peliosis hepatica
Bartonella henselae (pleomorphic G-)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Neiserria gonorrhoeae (G- coccus), Chlamydia trachomatis, then Anaerobic bacteria (ex. Bacteroides), Facultative Gram negative rods (ex. E. coli), Mycoplasma hominis, Actinomyces israelii (IUD recipients: G+ rod)
Pertussis - Whooping cough
Bordetella pertussis (G- rods: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Pharyngoconjunctival fever
Adenovirus 1-3 and 5 (Adenovirus)
Phaeohyphomycosis
Phaeoaellomyces werneckii and P. hortae (most common)
over 75 different species of fungi
Piedra- Black Piedra
Piedraia hortai
Piedra-White Piedra
Trichosporon beigelii
Pigbel
Clostridium perfringens type C beta-toxin of
"Pink eye" conjunctivitis
Haemophilus aegyptius (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens) and/or Moraxella lacunata (G- diplococcus)
Pinta
Treponema pallidum var. carateum
Pinworm infection - Enterobiasis
Enterobius vermicularis (intestinal nematode)
Pitted Keratolysis
Micrococcus sedentarius (G+ coccus)
Pityriasis versicolor- Tinea versicolor
Malassezia furfur (fungus)
Plague
Yersinia pestis (G- rod: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Pleurodynia
Coxsackie B (Picornavirus: Enterovirus)
Pneumonia, viral
respiratory syncytial virus (Paramyxovirus), CMV (Herpesvirus)
Pneumocystosis
Pneumocystosis
Polio or Poliomyelitis
Polioviruses types I, II, and III (picornavirus)
Polycystic hydatid
Echinococcus vogeli (larval cestode infection)
Pontiac fever
Legionella pneumophila (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Pork tapeworm
Taenia solium
Posada-Wernicke disease- Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis- San Joaquin Valley fever
Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus)
Postanginal septicemia- Lemierre's Syndrome
Fusobacterium necrophorum (G- rod; anaerobe)
Powassan
Flavivirus (arbovirus) ticks
Progressive multifocal leukencephalopathy
JC virus (Papovavirus)
Progressive Rubella Panencephalitis
Rubella virus (togavirus)
Prostatitis
Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp., Proteus sp., Pseudomonas sp., Enterobacter sp., Serratia sp., (G- rods), Enterococcus feacalis (G+ coccus)
Pseudomembranous colitis
Clostridium difficile (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci (G- intracellular)
Puerperal fever
Streptococcus pyogenes
Pyelonephritis
Escherichia coli, others include Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp., Serratia sp., Proteus sp., Providencia sp., Morganella sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa, (the previous organisms are G- rods), Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus sp., Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus agalactiae, (G+ cocci), and Candida albicans (yeast)
Pylephlebitis
Bateroides fragilis (G- anaerobic rod), Peptostreptococcus spp (G+ anaerobic cocci), Clostridium spp.(G+ anaerobic rods), and several of the Enterobacteriaceae (G- rods; ferment glucose)
Q fever
Coxiella burnetti (Obligate intracellular: Rickettsia)
Australian tick typhus- Australian Spotted Fever- Queensland Tick Typhus
ickettsia australis, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Quinsy- Peritonsillar abscess
Streptococcus pyogenes (complication of untreated Strep. throat )
Quintana fever, 5-day fever, Trench fever, Shinbone fever, Wolhynia fever, His-Werner disease
Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Rabies
rabies virus (Rhabdovirus)
Rabbit fever- deer fly fever, tularemia, lemming fever, O'Hara disease, Francis disease
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Rat bite fever
Streptobacillus moniliformis (G-; rod)
Rat tapeworm
Hymenolepis diminuta
Reiter Syndrome
Chlamydia trachomatis,Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia.Persons with an HLA-B27 major histocompatibility complex are more likely to get this disease.
Relapsing fever
Borrelia recurrentis
Rheumatic fever
Streptococcus pyogenes (nonsuppurative complication of Strep throat)
Rhodotorulosis
Rhodotorula spp. (fungus)
Rickettsialpox
Rickettsia akari (G-; intracellular) from mite bites
Rift Valley Fever
Rift valley fever virus- Bunyavirus- Phlebovirus
Ringworm
Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton (fungi)
River Blindness - Onchoceriasis
Onchocerca volvulus (parasitic worm)
Ritter's Disease- Filatow-Dukes' Disease, Scalded Skin Syndrome
Staphylococcus aureus- (exfoliative toxin producing strains)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever, New world spotted fever, Sao Paulo fever
Rickettsia rickettsii (Obligate intracellular)
Rose Handler's disease - Sporotrichosis
Sporothrix schenckii (dimorphic fungi)
Rose rash of infants- Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - "Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Roseola - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Exanthem subitum
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Roundworm infections - Ascariasis
Ascaris lumbricoides (intestinal nematode)
Rotavirus infections
Rotavirus (reovirus)
Rubella - German measles- 3-day measles
rubella virus (Togavirus)
Rubeola-measles- 14-day measles- Hard measles- Morbilli
Rubeola virus
Russian spring-summer encephalitis- Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis- Spring-summer encephalitis- Taiga encephalitis
Russian spring-summer encephalitis virus- Flaviviridae
Salmonellosis
Salmonella spp. (G- rod)
San Joaquin Valley fever- Posada-Wernicke disease- Desert rheumatism- Coccidioidomycosis
Coccidioides immitis (dimorphic fungus).
Sao Paulo Encephalitis
Flavivirus (arbovirus)
Sao Paulo fever, New world spotted fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Rickettsia rickettsii (Obligate intracellular)
SARS- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SARS-associated coronavirus or SARS-CoV
Scabies - Norwegian itch
Sarcoptes scabiei (parasitic mite)
Scarlet fever - Scarlatina
Streptococcus group A (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Scarlatina- Scarlet fever
Streptococcus group A (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Scalded Skin Syndrome- Ritter's Disease- Filatow-Dukes' Disease
Staphylococcus aureus- (exfoliative toxin producing strains)
Schistosomiasis
Schistosoma mansoni, S. japonicum, and S. haematobium (protozoan parasites; blood flukes)
Scrub typhus
Rickettsia tsutsugamushi (G- intracellular; chigger bite)
Sennetsu fever - Ehrlichiosis
Ehrlichia sp. (G- intracellular bacteria) transmitted by ticks
Septic Shock
Most are due to bacterial infections. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. urinary tract think Escherichia coli; community acquired pneumonia think Streptococcus pneumoniae).
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- SARS
coronavirus or SARS-CoV
Shigellosis
Shigella sp. (G- rod)
Shingles (zoster)
varicella zoster virus (Herpesvirus)
Shipping fever
Pasteurella multocida (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Siberian tick typhus
Rickettsia sibirica, (G-; intracellular bacteria)
Sinusitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae (G+ coccus) and Haemophilus influenzae (G- pleomorphic rod) (renamed and now called acute rhinosinusitis or acute bacterial rhinosinusitis)
Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - "Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever- Rose rash of infants
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and HHV-7 (occasionally)
"Slapped cheek" disease (erythema infectiosum; Fifth disease)
Parvovirus B19 (Parvovirus)
Sleeping sickness- viral encephalitis
Mumps virus, Human Herpes virus 1, any of 350 different Arboviruses, Poxvirus, Enteroviruses (polio, Coxsackie, ECHO), Adenoviruses, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (retrovirus)
Smallpox
variola virus (Poxvirus) - no naturally acquired cases since October 1977; Somalia
Snail Fever
Schistosoma (protozoan parasite)
Soft chancre - Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Sparganosis
Spirometra sp.(cestode larvae infection)
Spelunker’s disease- Cave disease- Darling's Disease- Histoplasmosis
Histoplasma capsulatum (dimorphic fungus)
Spotted fever
Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci), Haemophilus influenzae (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens), Listeria monocytogenes (G+ rod: non-sporulating: non-filamentous), Streptoccoccus pneumoniae (G+ cocci), Group B streptococcus (G+ cocci)
Sporadic typhus
Rickettsia prowazekii, (G-, intracellular bacterium; spread by fleas)
Sporotrichosis
Sporothrix schenckii (dimorphic fungi)
Spring-summer encephalitis- Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis- Russian spring-summer encephalitis- Taiga encephalitis
Russian spring-summer encephalitis virus- Flaviviridae
St. Louis encephalitis
SLE virus (Flavivirus)
Strep. throat
Streptococcus pyogenes (G+ coccus)
Stye- Hordeola
Staphylococcus aureus
Strongyloiciasis - Threadworm
Strongyloides stercoralis (intestinal nematode)
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE)
Measles virus
"Sudden Rash"- 3-day fever- Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- Rose rash of infants
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Swimmer's ear- Otitis externa
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (common in diabetic patients)
Swimmer's Itch
Schistosoma avium (bird schistosomes)(protozoan parasite)
Swimming Pool conjunctivitis
Inclusion conjunctivitis - Pannus - Chlamydia trachomatis (G- intracellular) eye infection
Syphilis
Treponema pallidum (Spirochetes; bacteria)
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome or SIRS
Most are due to bacterial infections. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. It depends on the location of the site of the initial infection. Most common sites of infection leading to sepsis are lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract (ex. urinary tract think Escherichia coli; community acquired pneumonia think Streptococcus pneumoniae).
Sylvatic yellow fever, Yellow Jack, Jungle yellow fever, Yellow fever, Urban yellow fever, Vomito negro
Yellow fever virus- Flaviviridae, Flavivirus
Tabes dorsalis - tertiary syphilis
Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (Spirochetes)
Taeniasis
Taenia solium (pork tapeworm), Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm)
Taiga encephalitis- Russian spring-summer encephalitis- Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis- Spring-summer encephalitis- Russian spring-summer encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Tanner's disease - Wool sorters' disease- Malignant pustule- Black Bane
Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Tapeworm infections
Taenia solium (pork tapeworm), Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Diphyllobothrium latum (fish tapeworm),Hymenolepis nana (dwarf tapeworm), Hymenolepis diminuta (rat tapeworm), Diphylidium caninum (dog tapeworm) (intestinal cestodes)
TB- Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast bacterium)
Temporal lobe encephalitis
HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Tetanus
Clostridium tetani (G+ rod: sporulating: anaerobic)
Threadworm infections - Strongyloiciasis
Strongyloides stercoralis (intestinal nematode)
3-day fever- Exanthem subitum - Roseola infantum - Sixth disease - Zahorsky's disease- "Sudden Rash", Rose rash of infants
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
3-day measles- German measles- Rubella
Rubella virus
Thrush
Candida albicans (yeast)
Tick-borne encephalitis- Biphasic meningoencephalitis, Central European tick-borne encephalitis, Czechoslovak tick-borne encephalitis, Diphasic milk fever, Viral meningoencephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Tick typhus- Fievre boutonneuse
Rickettsia conori
Tinea barbae
Trichophyton verrucosum, T. mentagrophytes, T. rubrum, T. megninii (fungi)
Tinea capitis - Ringworm of the head
Microsporum sp., Trichophyton sp.(fungi)
Tinea corporis - Ringworm of the body
Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea manuum - Ringworm of the hand
Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea cruris - Ringworm of the groin-
Candida albicans (yeast), Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea nigra
Exophiala werneckii
Tinea pedis - Ringworm of the feet
Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum(fungi)
Tinea unguium - Onychomycosis- Ringworm of the nails
Trichophyton sp., and Epidermophyton floccosum (fungi)
Tinea versicolor- Pityriasis versicolor
Malassezia furfur (fungus)
Torulopsosis
Torulopsis glabrata and T. candida (fungus)
Torulosis
Busse-Buschke disease- Cryptococcosis- European blastomycosis- Cryptococcus neoformans (encapsulated yeast)
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Staphylcoccus aureus (G+ cocci; producing TSST) and Streptococcus pyogenes (G+ cocci)
Toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasma gondii (protozoan parasite)
Traveler's diarrhea
bacteria (Escherichia coli (most common), Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Vibrio, etc.), viruses (Rotaviruses, Norwalk-like agents), or parasites (Giardia, Entamoeba, Cryptosporidium) that cause diarrhea.
# Trench fever, 5-day fever, Shinbone fever, Wolhynia fever, Quintana fever, His-Werner disease- Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Trench mouth or Vincent's disease
Various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Trichuriasis - Whipworm infection
Trichuris trichiura (intestinal nematode)
Trichomoniasis - Vaginitis
Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite)
Trichomycosis axillaris
Corynebacterium tenuis (G+ rod)
Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (TSP)
Human T-cell Leukemia viruses I or II (retrovirus)
Trypanosomiasis
African= Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (tsetse fly-borne)
American= Trypanosoma cruzi (Triatomine bugs= kissing bug or assassin bugs)
Tuberculosis - TB
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Acid-fast bacterium)
Tularemia- lemming fever, rabbit fever, deer fly fever, O'Hara disease, Francis disease
Francisella tularensis (G- rods: facultative-straight: zoonoses)
Typhoid fever
Salmonella typhi (G- rod: facultative-straight: enteric pathogens)
Typhus fever
Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; louse-borne), Rickettsia typhi (G- intracellular; flea-borne)
Ulcus molle - Soft chancre - Chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (G- rod: facultative-straight: respiratory pathogens)
Undulant fever
Brucella sp. (G- coccobacillus: zoonoses)
Urban yellow fever, Sylvatic yellow fever, Yellow Jack, Jungle yellow fever, Yellow fever, Vomito negro, Yellow fever virus
Flaviviridae, Flavivirus
Urethritis
Herpes Simplex virus, Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Vaginosis, bacterial
Peptostreptococccus sp., Bacteriodes sp., Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus sp., Mycoplasma sp. (clue cells)
Vaginitis
Candida albicans (yeast; Mycotic vulvovaginitis), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite; Trichomoniasis)
Varicella -chickenpox
Varacella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Venezuelan Equine encephalitis
Togaviridae, Alphavirus
Verruga peruana- Carrion's disease - Bartonellosis - Oroya fever
Bartonella bacilliformis (weak G- polymorphic) sandfly bites at elevations of 600 to 2800 meter in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Vincent's disease or Trench mouth
Various anaerobic bacteria in the mouth
Viral conjunctivitis
Keratoconjunctivitis - Adenovirus (Adenovirus), HSV-1 (Herpesvirus)
Viral meningoencephalitis- Czechoslovak tick-borne encephalitis, Central European tick-borne encephalitis, Diphasic milk fever, Biphasic meningoencephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis, Tick-borne encephalitis virus
Flaviviridae
Viral rash- Duke's disease
Coxsackievirus or Echovirus
Visceral Larval Migrans
Toxocara canis (parasitic nematode)
Vomito negro, Urban yellow fever, Sylvatic yellow fever, Yellow Jack, Jungle yellow fever, Yellow fever, Yellow fever virus
Flaviviridae, Flavivirus
Vulvovaginitis
Candida albicans (yeast), Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan parasite), and the causes of bacterial vaginosis.
Warts
Papilloma viruses
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
Neisseria meningitidis (G- cocci)
Weil's diseases - Leptospirosis
Leptospira interrogans (spiral shaped bacteria)
West Nile Fever
West Nile virus- Flavivirus Japanese Encephalitis Antigenic Complex
Western equine encephalitis
WEE virus, Togaviridae, Alphavirus
Whipple's disease
Tropheryma whippelii (G+ rod a actinomycete)
Whipworm infection - Trichuriasis
Trichuris trichiura
White Piedra
Trichosporon beigelii
Whitmore's disease- Melioidosis
Burkholderia pseudomallei (used to be called Pseudomonas pseudomallei; G- rod: aerobic)
Whitlow - paronchyia
Herpes simplex virus (herpesvirus)
Whooping cough - Pertussis
Bordetella pertussis (G- small rod)
Winter diarrhea - Rotavirus infections
Rotavirus (reovirus)
Wolhynia fever, His-Werner disease, Quintana fever, 5-day fever, Trench fever, Shinbone fever
Bartonella quintana (G- rod)
Wool sorters' disease - Anthrax- Tanner's disease- Malignant pustule- Black Bane
Bacillus anthracis (G+ rod: sporulating: aerobic)
Yaws
Treponema pallidum var. pertenue (spirochete)
Yellow fever, Jungle yellow fever, Sylvatic yellow fever, Urban yellow fever, Vomito negro, Yellow Jack, Yellow fever virus
Flaviviridae, Flavivirus
Yersinosis
Yersinia enterocolitica
Zahorsky's disease - Roseola infantum - Exanthem subitum - Sixth disease
Human Herpes virus 6 (HHV-6)
Zoster
Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV or Human herpes 3 virus)
Zygomycosis- Mucormycosis
Rhizopus arrhizus (fungus)