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45 Cards in this Set

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3 Feline Upper Respiratory Tract Infections:
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR)
Feline calicivirus
Chlamydia
_________ makes up 40-50% of URTI in cats.
FVR
_______ prefers temperatures of <37 C.
FVR
_______ is also known as feline herpesvirus-1, alphaherpesvirus, and Herpesviridae.
FVR
_______ is the key sign for FVR.
Nose plugged with crust---causes them to not smell, thus not eat
_________ leads to multifocal epithelial cell necrosis and osteolysis of turbinates.
FVR
________ causes serous ocular and nasal discharge, usually bilateral, and causes ulcerative keratitis.
FVR
How do you test for FVR?
antigen detection, *Virus isolation, and PCR
Treatment for FVR?
hydration, phenylephrine for obstructive exudates, and diazepam for appetite, interfuron, L-lysine, idoxiridine drops
T/F Cats with FVR are latently infected and can shed intermittantly.
True
________ is a big form of transmission with FVR.
Fomite
Control for FVR?
MLV and killed vaccine
T/F Calicivirus is susceptible to most detergents.
False, it is resistent to many disinfectants.
Up to 40% of respiratory disease in cats is due to?
Calici
Up to 20% of cats are shedding this virus?
Calici
________ replicates in epithelial cells of URT, conjuctiva, tongue, tonsils, and pneumocytes
Calici
_______causes oral lesions---vesicles
--> rupture-->necrosis
calici
In ________ severe pneumonia may occur in cats with a virulent strain.
Calici
Signs of calici?
Ulcers of tongue, hard palate, angle of jaws, tip of nose, skin around claws...ocular or nasal discharge, arthritis
_______ is also related to hemorrhagic syndrome in cats.
calici
T/F Ulcerative keratitis is seen with calici?
False
_______ can also cause Limping Kitten Syndrome.
Calici
Tests for Calici?
antigen detection, *virus isolation
Calici is spread by?
close contact, virus can persist in tonsils and lymphoepithelial tissues of nasopharynx---persistent shedders may terminate suddenly.
Control of calici?
Vaccination --MLV and killed and IN
_________ has infectious extracellular particles,and is an obligate intracellular parasite.
Chlamydia
______ has affinity for epithelial cells, lesions confined to URT and conjuntiva and can be zoonotic.
chlamydia
_______ most commonly causes conjuntivitis with no corneal involvement.
chlamydia
Best tests for chlamydia?
antigen detection and PCR
treatment for chlamydia
antibiotics
Epidemiology of chlamydia:
mostly in young cats, more prevalent in summer, no latency, transmission by direct contact, carriers do exist
Control of chamydia?
Titers
5 Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis:
Parainfluenza
Canine Adenovirus-2
Canine Distemper Virus
Bordatella bronchiseptica
Mycoplasma
______ replicates in epithelial cells of nasal mucosa, trachea, bronchi, bronchioli, and peribronchial lymph nodes of dogs
Parainfluenze
Key sign for Parainfluenza?
Nonproductive paroxysmal cough
Best test for parainfluenza?
virus isolation
________ replicates in respiratory epithelial cells, including LRT and URT in dogs.
Canine Adenovirus-2
________ causes fever, harsh cough, depression, anorexia, dyspnea, serous nasal discharge.
Canine Adenovirus-2
What is the H of DHLPP?
Canine Adenovirus-2
_______ can produce signs that may be confused with ITB in dogs?
Canine distemper virus
________ is the main kennel cough agent.
Bordetella bronchiseptica
what is the pathogenesis of Bordetella bronchiseptica?
inhalation of bug-->colonizes trachea by adhesion to tracheal cilia-->cilia movement paralyzed-->inflammatory response
________ has a heat stable enzyme released by bug that inhibits chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and intracellular killing by macrophages.
Bordetella bronchiseptica
Signs of bordetella?
mucus accumulates and leads to harsh, moist, hacking cough. usually lasts 6-14 weeks.
Best test for bordatella?
culture deep nasal swab or tracheal wash