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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What resources contributed to the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain?
coal and iron ore.
The term domestic system refers to
work performed in a person's home rather than in a factory
As a result of Great Britain's forests being cut down in the eighteenth century,
coal replaced wood as an important source of energy.
During the 1700s, Britain
placed more importance on factory owners than on farmers.
Of the following:flying shuttle.spinning jenny.water frame. cotton gin; the first invention was the
flying shuttle.
The contribution that James Watt made to the Industrial Revolution in Britain was that he
improved the steam engine for use in British textile factories.
Of the following pairs of inventors and inventions, which one is matched correctly?
Edmund Cartwright; the power loom
One fact concerning factory workers in the nineteenth century is
sick workers received no pay.
. Alessandro Volta and Michael Faraday are associated in the field of
electricity.
The work of Henry Bessemer greatly influenced the production of
steel.
What limitation is placed on child labor in the United States today?
Children under age 16 cannot work during school hours.
The rapid population increase during the eighteenth century was probably most influenced by
the increased availability of food.
After the turmoil caused by the early years of the Industrial Revolution, this period in history helped
raise the standard of living.
Textile manufacturers in England during the 1700s and 1800s preferred to hire women and children because they
worked for lower wages.
The Combination Acts, a series of English laws repealed in 1824,
outlawed unions.
During the Industrial Revolution, the population of England
increased faster in urban than in rural areas.
During the Industrial Revolution, entire families went to work in English factories mainly because
wages were too low for a family to survive on only one or two incomes.
One of the greatest obstacles that prevented workers in the 1700s and 1800s from improving their working conditions was that
unions were outlawed in most countries.
The Factory Act of 1833 applied only to
children.
The fact that air is a mixture of gases was discovered by
Joseph Priestley.
What were some improvements in nineteenth-century medicine?
the use of antiseptic to kill bacteria in hospitals/. the discovery of germs and bacteria/immunization with vaccines.
Gustave Flaubert's novel about a woman's middle-class life is entitled
Madame Bovary.
How can one describe nineteenth-century music?
Music became more powerful and often drew upon nationalist themes.
Charles Dickens, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Emile Zola were
associated with Realism.
In the 1800s Eastern Europeans began developing pride in their native cultures and customs as a result of the
appeal of customs and cultures from other countries.
What minorities in and outside of Germany were German nationalists, as a "superior race," concerned with?
Jews within Germany and Slavs outside of Germany
During the late 1800s, racism as a feature of extreme nationalism was based on
Social Darwinism.
During the late 1800s in France, the danger of extreme nationalism and racism was exemplified by
the Dreyfus Affair.
What group viewed machines and natural laws as excluding the importance of humans from the world?
Romantics.