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33 Cards in this Set

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Industrialization 1877 1914
Prophets of progress vs. Robber Barrons
controversial
Innovations and consolidations
Rail roads, corporate structures, diffrent departments, standardization and a pool.
industrial stuff
Andrew Carnegie
Steel- verticaly intergrated
vertical
Rockefeller
oil, horizontal integration
horizontal
Lassie faire pro and con
Pro: new products, mass production, cheaper
Con: concentration of wealth, boom and bust economy, decline in artisans
wealth and cheap
Mechanization and changing status of labor
assembly line, higher efficiency, interchangable parts, deskilling, alienation of labor, discipline
good and bad
what happened to workers?
loss of independence, workers easily replaced, wages declined and freedom of contract was used as an excuse
sadness
what happened to women and children during this time
they worked for less wages and were used for small machines that require nimble hands
little hands
Safety measures
fire ecapes were not there, fire deparment tools were inadequate and all together dangerous
bad
Social Darwinism
A take off of Darwins theory in 1859. It says that when applied to people, people unfit, like drunks, should not be helped, that they are unfit and so should not be helped to survive. Herbert Spencer is a proponent and it falls in line with Laisse fair
darwin
Carnegies wealth
Believed it was the wealthy's duty to help those who are willing to work hard at bettering themselves
better themselves
Concerns of the time period
Dependency on wages
wage slaves
Knights of labor
Terence Powderly. wanted change in all society and accepted all skilled and unskilled, except for bankers and lawyers. Haymarket riot, they were blamed even thpough they had nothing to do with it.
society
AFL
American Federation of workers
Samuel Gompers and skilled workers. They only wanted change in wages and hours and condition
skilled
Organizng women
was difficult to do. They had a hard time balancing reputations and meetings as well as the fact that they were dependent.
relationships
Women trade league union 1903
worked with AFL and women allies, upper class women
AFL
Industrial workers of the world
IWW 1905
B ig Bill Hayword. most radical. Accepted the most unskilled workers. Believed workers and management had nothing in common
unskilled
Syndicalism
strikes would build into a general strike and lead to change in the government
grow
How the Government reacted to strikes
They did several things, anti unions, open shops- no unions, close shops- unions
unions
Liberty of contract
workers don't need legal wages because they can quit
quit
Holden vs Hardy
mining was so dangerous that hours should be limited
mine
Lochner vs NY
ruled that baking did not need limited hours
baking
Homestead strike 1892
steel town, Carnegie and frick said we'll pay you what we want and there was a lockout of workers they took over the factory and eventually the militia comes to stop it.
carnegie and frick
Pullman strike 1894
Pullman cut wages there was a strike and tried to boycott. It started peaceful but turned violent since they attachted a mail cart AFL fails and all workers are evicted.
AFL fails
Why such strife?
Unstable communities, rapid industrialia=zation, Diverse and ethnocetric, wealth diffrences and laisse fair
stable lack
CCauses of Urbanization
growth of industry, company towns, sky scrappers and larger towns
industry
Problems with urbanization
the government isn't planning, over crowding, Dumbbell housing, no safety codes, no sewwer, disease, garbage and lots of people
safety codes
Solutions for problems
Mutual aid society, for job and insourance
help
City Boss system
a political machine, city controlled by one political group. People who work for the city bosses wprk in diffrent wards. Offer incentives
politics
First wave
mid 19th century, Irish- police, Germans- there were many religions
I and G
Second wave
late 19th early 20th. Larger numbers, Slavic people, seem much stranger
Slavic
Nativism
Wanted immigrants to assimulate. They were worried that people were going to vote and were worried about Catholics
assimulate
1882 Chinese exclusion act
They wanted to keep out workers for fear that the market would be flooded. It was said they couldn't conform
flood