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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Industrialization causes
agriculture revolution, foreign trade growth, technology, energy supplies and transportation (coal and steam engine)In England, they had good gov’t, banks and effective cheap domestic market. Cotton mill industry. Cheap food.
Main cities and conditions in cities
London, Belgium, France, Germany and US usually filled w/ coal. Spread of disease. Poor sanitation.
Conditions in factories
early cotton mills were family run, poorhouses, children worked w/ parents Factory Act of 1833 broke pattern of families working in mills. Children underage should not work. Hours were long w/ little pay.
Significant inventions and inventors
James Watt – steam engine larger markets larger factories little economic uncertainity
Hargreaves – Spinning Jenny which made cotton cheaper
David Ricardo
“iron law of wages” wages would be just high enough to keep workers from starving (subsistence)
Adam Smith
Wealth of Nations. Free economy. Laissez-faire. Invisible hand. Capitalism
Thomas Malthus
population grows faster than food supply checks w/ war
worried that technology will cause them to lose their jobs
political democracy Universal male suffrage lower hours in factories
British Parliament and Factory Acts
Factory Act of 1833 restricted children underage from working in factories. Limited workday for children. Underage children in schools. Helped improve conditions.
Edwin Chadwick
brought public health measures to England disease and death caused poverty
Results of industrialization
mass production, cheaper goods, improved way of life (a new sense of poverty), urbanization
Great Reform Bill of 1832
doubled electorate gave more political say to urbans. More power to the House of Commons.