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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
an economic system in which all means of production- land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses- are owned by the people, private property does not exist
a radical type of socialism introduced by Karl Marx, a German journalist
the theory, proposed by Jeremy Bentham in the late 1700s, that government actions are useful only if they promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people
an ideal society; an imaginary land described by Sir Thomas More in his book Utopia—hence, an ideal place
yellow dog
of or relating to oppostion to trade unionism or a labor union
to growth of cities and the migrations of people into them
Agricultural Revolution
a significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
the idea that the government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business
an early 19th century movement in art and thought, which focused on emotion and nature
an economicsystem which factors of production are owned by the people
a binding agreement between two or more persons or parties
in marxist theory, the group of workers who would over throw the czar and rule Russia
Industrial Revolution
the shift, beginning in England during the 18th century from making goods by hand
Factory Act (1833)
The Factory Act, 1833 was an attempt to establish a normal working day in a single department of industry, textile manufacture. The way in which it proposed to do this was the following: The working day was to start at 5.30 a.m. and cease at 8.30 p.m. A young person (aged thirteen to eighteen) might not be employed beyond any period of twelve hours, less one and a half for meals; and a child (aged nine to thirteen) beyond any period of nine hours. From 8.30 p.m. to 5.30 a.m.; that is during the night; the employment of such persons was altogether prohibited.
an association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages
a movement in 19th century painting, in which artists reacted againist realism by seeking to convey their impressions of subjects or moments in time
a worker who refuses to join a labor union
to refuse to work in order to force an employer