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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
industrialization
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
communism
an economic system in which all means of production- land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses- are owned by the people, private property does not exist
marxism
a radical type of socialism introduced by Karl Marx, a German journalist
utilitarianism
the theory, proposed by Jeremy Bentham in the late 1700s, that government actions are useful only if they promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people
utopia
an ideal society; an imaginary land described by Sir Thomas More in his book Utopia—hence, an ideal place
yellow dog
of or relating to oppostion to trade unionism or a labor union
urbanization
to growth of cities and the migrations of people into them
Agricultural Revolution
a significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
Laissez-faire
the idea that the government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business
Romanticism
an early 19th century movement in art and thought, which focused on emotion and nature
socialism
an economicsystem which factors of production are owned by the people
contract
a binding agreement between two or more persons or parties
proletariat
in marxist theory, the group of workers who would over throw the czar and rule Russia
Industrial Revolution
the shift, beginning in England during the 18th century from making goods by hand
Factory Act (1833)
The Factory Act, 1833 was an attempt to establish a normal working day in a single department of industry, textile manufacture. The way in which it proposed to do this was the following: The working day was to start at 5.30 a.m. and cease at 8.30 p.m. A young person (aged thirteen to eighteen) might not be employed beyond any period of twelve hours, less one and a half for meals; and a child (aged nine to thirteen) beyond any period of nine hours. From 8.30 p.m. to 5.30 a.m.; that is during the night; the employment of such persons was altogether prohibited.
union
an association of workers, formed to bargain for better working conditions and higher wages
impressionism
a movement in 19th century painting, in which artists reacted againist realism by seeking to convey their impressions of subjects or moments in time
scab
a worker who refuses to join a labor union
strike
to refuse to work in order to force an employer