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42 Cards in this Set

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Industrial Revolution
1750-1850 A shift of production by hand tools to machine
Why did Industrial Revolution take place in Britain?
-strong labor force
-wealthy class willing to pay
-good harbors
-lots of natural resourses (coal)
-good climate (for agriculture)
Old way or Domestic system
"putting out system" A merchant pays a peasant to spin wool into cloth and sells it in the city for $3
New way or Factory system
Factories - called dark, satanic mills
Dikes
dutch - an earthy wall used to prevent flooding of crops
Fertilizer
dutch - renews soil (poopy)
Enclosure
dutch - farmers buy out surrounding farms, drop the borders, and increase size of their own
Tull
seed drill
Townshend
Turnip - crop rotation
Bakewell
breeding anumals
hydropower
energy produced with water
coal
#1 natural resource. produces steam for power
Newcomen
steam engine
Watt
improves steam engine
Kay
flying shuttle
Arkwright
water powered spinning frame
Hargraves
spinning jenny
Stephanson
steam locomotive - 1836
Crompton
spinning mule
Fulton
steam boat - "Clermont" 5mph Hudson River
Faraday
Dynamo - magnetic
Darby
cast-iron bridges
Clermont
Fulton - 1st steam boat - 5mph - hudson river
MacAdams
stone roads
Living conditions in the city
-foul smell
-packed into little rooms
-little or no light
-no running water
-no sanitation system
-alot of disease
Parliament
English gov't passes new laws:
-1819 cant hire child under 10
-1841 cant have child work for more than 10 hr. a day
-health wages safety
Adam Smith
wealth of the nations 1776 (laissez faire)
Thomas Malthus
"Essay on the Principles of Population" --> b/c population increasaeas, so will war, famine, and disease
David Ricardo
"Iron Law of Wages" --> demand for workers = higher wages
John Stuart Mill
"on liberty" 1859 --> liberal movement

"on subjection of women" --> womens rights
Jeremy Benthan
utilitarianism = greatest happiness for greatest # of people
John Wesley
founder of Methodist Church --> faith and forgiveness of sin gave hope and salvation

(introduced sunday school)
Karl Marx
German founder and agitator - said he had proof of a "World Revolution" by 1900 (wealthy vs. working class)
Marx's friend
Frederich Engels
Communist Manifesto
Marx and Engels
communism
-form of socialism but one class suffer
-state owns all
socialism
-economic/political system
-society, not individuals, own all properties & businesses
Marx called the working class __________
proletariot
Dickens
author
Robert Owen
no rich or poor - share property - no fighting (utopias)
Utopias
perfect law, gov't, economy...complete happiness!

1. New Lanark, Scotland (worked)
2. New Harmony, Indiana (fails)
Pierre Joseph Proudhon
Anarchism (replace go'v w/ nothing) chaos! violence! revolt!