Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/26

Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Charles Townshend
-"turnip townshend"
-urged farmers to grow turnips to restore exausted soil
Jethro Tull
-invented seed drill which planted the seeds in a row
Robert Bakewell
-bred stronger horses and fatter livestock
Thomas Newcomen
developed steam engine used to pumpwater out of mines
James Watt
improved on Newcomen's steam engine
Enclosure
process of taking over and fencing off land formerly owned by peastant farmers
Abraham Darby
-used coal instead of wood to smelt iron
-found a way to remove impurities from coal
John Kay
-invented the flying shuttle-
mase weavers faster than spinners
James Hargreaves
invented the spinning jenny
Richard Arkwright
invented the waterframe
Robet Fulton
-used steam engine to power the Clermont up the hudson
-Clermont went 5 miles an hour
factory
place that brought together workers and machines to produce large quantities of goods
turnpikes
privately built roads that charged a fee to use them
luddite
protesters who felt that new machines were taking their jobs
John wesley
founded Methodist church
Methodism
-took message of salvation to slums
-rekindled hope
-taught people to read and write
Urbanization
movement of people to cities
Thomas Malthus
believed the only checks on population were war, disease, and fame
"iron laws of wages"
as wages go up, # of children increases
John Stuart Mill
argued actions are right if they promote happiness and wrong if they cause pain
Utopians
believed in comunities where work and poverty were shared
The Communist Manifesto
pamphlet writen by Marx and Engels
ulilitarianism
"the greates happiness for the greatest number"
socialism
work as the people as a whole not an individual
communism
sees struggle between boss and worker as inevitable
proletariat
working class