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20 Cards in this Set

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Hippocartes
Greek physician considered the father of medicaine; his oath is still used in medical facilities today
Galen
Greek physicaian and writeer whose writings (along with Hippocrates') were the authority of medician for many centuries; upheld high standards of technique for his time
Andrea Vesalius
Belgian anatomist and artist who is considered the "cheif Founder of the modern study of anatomy" because of his animal experiments and dissections on human cadavers
William Harvey
English Physicain and antomist who discovered the circulation of but did not know how blood got from arteries to veins (through capillaries)
Ambriose Pare'
French army surgeon in the 16th century who revived the use of ligatures to control hemorrhage
Marcello Malpighi
Italian anatomist who first dicovered capillaries, and is known as the "father of Histology" (the study of tissues in detail)
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch merchant who made simple microscopes and first saw microorganisms through them
Giovanni Battista Morgagni
Italian anatomist who is known as the "Founder of Pathologic Anatomy"
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
American physician and author who coined the tern "anesthesia" which literally means "without sensation or feeling": in 1843 wrote of the contagious nature of puerperal (chilbed) fever, and expressed the belief that it was carried by nurses and octors from patient to patient
Ignaz Semmelweis
Austrian physician who established the true cause of puerperal fever, and required the doctors and medical students on his wards to wash their hands in chlorinated lime solution before examining patients
Crawford Long
American surgeon from Athens, Georgia who first discovered and used ether in Macon General Hospital to remove small skin tumors from patients, but he did not publish his results until 1849
Wiliam Morton
American dentist from Boston who in 1846 ga ve the fist public demonstration of the use of ether as an anesthetic agent
Louis Pasteur
French chemist who greatly contrributed to becteriology and immuniology, developed technique for immunization, and founded science of microbiology
Joseph Lister
Engilsh surgeon who promoted the imposrtance of cleanliness to prvent surgical wound infections; called the "Father of Modern Antiseptic Surgery"
Rober Koch
German bacteriologist who developed postulates (criteria) for proving wherther or not an organism is the cause of a disease; known as the "Father of Immunology"
Willhelm Roentgen
German physicist who dicovered X rays or Roentgen rays in 1895
William Halsted
American surgeon who taught at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore from 1893-1922; prfected and brought into use many techniques which are still in use today. fine point hemostate for clamping bleeding vessels, advocating excellent principles of tissue handling, silk-sutur closer technique, and wearing rubber gloves
Marie Curie
Polish-French Physicist and chemist who isolated the element radium as a metallic substance
Harvey Cushing
American surgeon who made many contrubutions to neurosurguy, including intruducing silver clips for hemostasis, describing the relationship between intracrainal pressure and blood pressure, and discussing pituitary basophilism (Cushing's diease); known as the father of Modern Neurosurgury"
W.T. Bovie
American Physicist who developed the first spark-gap tube generator in the 1920s which was the universal basis of electrosurgical units until the 1970s when solid stae units became avalible.