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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rival
enemies - France and Spain were rivals of England in exploration.
Import/Export
import - to buy goods,
export- to sell goods,
Navation Acts;slavery;
trade;mercantilism
Social Rank
Women in the colonies had the same rank as men.
Compact
Mayflower Compact-a formal document of a representative /self government signed by Pilgrims, "a civil body Politic"
Quartering
Quartering Act-to house British soldiers
Emissary
Marquis de Lafayette- secret agent who helped Washington in the Revolutionary War
Unique
different-House of Burgesses was a type of representative self government
Legislature
Virginia House of Burgesses, Fundamental Orders of Conneticut, Mayflower Compact,Colonial Assemblies-make laws
Representative
(self-government)Virginia House of Burgesses in Jamestown was a type of representative government; Colonial Legislatures
Tyranny
absolute ruler, abusing power, governs harshly
King George; Parliment-colonists viewed King George and the Parliment as tyrants
Distinctive soil
With regard to New England geography, thin rocky soil, poor farming, so had to fish for economy
Pamphlet
Common Sense-written by Thomas Paine calling for complete independence from Great Britain
Alliance;Ally
During exploration, the English and Spanish were NOT Allies; during the French and Indian war, the French were allies with the Native Americans
Resistance
Patrick Henry resisted the tax on printed material. (Stamp Act)
Textiles
The Americas had the raw materials (cotton) for the British textile Industry to make cloth.
Propose
to suggest-Albany plan proposed by Ben Franklin to unite the 13 colonies under one government, Albany plan did not pass. Richard Henry Lee's proposal to be free and independent states and break away from Britain to be an independent nation(colonial independence)
Constitution
Plan for government
Establish
13 English Colonies, New England, Middle, Southern
Rebel(v)
to refuse to follow rules; go against authority
Petition
a formal request-Olive Branch-sent to King George III by colonists asking for peace and to protect their rights
Diverse/Variety
Middle Colonies'Population
Enslave
Africians
Repeal
to cancel; Stamp Act-tax on printed material was repealed
Thrive
does well, Slaves in the South; tobacco in the South
Economic, Political, Social
Mercantilism, slavery....
Plantation
large farms with slaves in the Southern Colonies
Impose
force the Parliament Acts;British government impositing taxes
Treaty-an agreement/contract
Treaty of Paris 1763
Treaty of Paris 1763 marked the end of Power for France in North America, had to give land to Great Britain, it divided continent between Great Britain and Spain with Mississippi River as the border.
Founded
13 English Colonies, New England, Middle, Southern
Smuggle
trade illegally;colonists smuggled sugar and molasses; Sugar Act lowered the tax on molasses to try and stop colonists from smuggling
Aristocracy
upper class, Governed by a small privilidged class (from birth, rank or title)
Boycott
refused to buy goods in protest
Colony
a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland
Rebel(n)
opposed the established government
Sovereignty
rule,power
Obligation
duty, promise, contract
Signify
to show by a sign
Monarchy
government with Monarchs; Kings or Queens
Manufacture
making goods out of raw materials
Treaty
an agreement/contract
Treaty of Paris 1783
ended the American Revolutionary War; Great Britain recognized the US as an independent nation
Treaty
an agreement/contract
Treaty of Tordesillas
line that divided the unexplored world between Spain and Portugal; Spain gained all to the west;Portugal gained all to the east