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27 Cards in this Set

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Memphis
the ancient capital of Egypt, located at the border between Upper and Lower Egypt
Thebes
located in Upper Egypt, it became the capital of Egypt in 2050 B.C. (after Memphis)
Anyang
a city in China; temple in center, surrounded by government buildings, then homes and workshops
The Fertile Crescent
aka Mesopotamia; between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; home of some of the first civilizations (Sumer and Ur)
Mohenjo-Daro
located in the Indus River Valley in Southern Asia; part of the Harrapan civilization near the Arabioan Sea
Harrapa
one of Indus Valley's major cities; located in present-day Pakistan
Damascus
capital of Syria; settled by the Aramaeans
Sumer
located in lower Fertile Crescent; formed 12 independently formed city-states
Babylon
located in Mesopotamia; major ruler was Hammurabi; three-fold division of social classes; used cuneiform
Canaan
the promised land of the Israelites; Israelites eventually left because of famine
Phoenicia
located in the Fertile Crescent; people who sailed the sea, traded with neighboring peoples, built ships, and made an alphabet
Jerusalem
ancient capital of Israel; Solomon built the temple there
Nineveh
the capital of Assyria
Judah
the two tribes in Southern Israel
Tyre
one of the three main Phoenician colonies built on the coast
Athens
located northeast of Poloponnesus on the Attica peninnsula; named after Athena; a commanding Greek city-state, home to some of the greatest philosophers and architects
Persia
located in present-day Iran between the Persian Gu lf and the Caspian Sea; Persians seized Babylon then conquered the rest of the Chaldean Empire
Sparta
located on Peloponnesus; descendents of the Dorians; one of the dominant city-states in Greece because of their superior military and athletics
Mycenae
a Greek city on the mainland of Greece; the Mycenaeans succeeded the Minoans in invading Crete; they intermarried with the Hellenes and were conquered by the Dorians
Marathon
a place 25 miles north of Athens where Persi and Sparta had a major war in the Persian War
Salamis
an island that is separated from Athens only by a small straight that Themistocles thought the Persian ships would get stuck in
Olympia
the Greek city in which the Olympic games were held for Zeus
Indus Valley
a third major civilization rising in southeast Asia; this civilization was bounded by mountains, had seasonal winds, and had centrally planned cities, such as Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
Tigris and Euphrates
two rivers that made the boundaries for the Fertile Crescent in modern day Iraq; home to some of the earliest civilizations such as Mesopotmia
Ionia
Greek city state that ended the "Greek Dark Age"; one of the only Greek city-states to be captured by Persia
Crete
a Greek island southeast of the mainlan; some of the myths referred to an early civilization there; home of the Minoans
Attica
a penninsula northeast of Peloponnesus; home to Athens