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9 Cards in this Set

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(1320-1384) English Friar; criticized vices of clergy, taxes collected by pope, transubstantiation, and authority of pope
John Wycliff
(1320-1384) Church should follow only Scriptures; ideas used by peasants in the revolt of 1381
John Wycliff
Followers of John Wycliff; survived well into fifteenth (1400s) century
Lollards
(1369-1415) Czech prist; similar criticisms to Wycliff; produced national following in Bohemia rejecting authority of pope
John Huss
mystics seeking direct knowledge of God through realm of inner feeling, not church rituals
Meister Eckhart (1260-1327) and Thomas a Kempis (1379-1471)
(1340-1384) Began a semi-monastic life for laymen in the Low Countries.
Gerard Groote
Elected Pope in 1305; moved the Vatican to Avignon in 1309.
Pope Clement V
Pope that stayed in Rome during Great Schism; Supported by England and Germany
Pope Urban VI
Pope that moved to Avignon durign Great Schism; Supported by France, Scottland, Aragon, Castile, Portugal, and Italian city-states.
Pope Clement VII