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27 Cards in this Set

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Jean de Brebeuf
(1593-1649)Patron Saint of Canada and Jesuit Missionary.Founded a total of 18 missions. Wrote Euron Carol. Canonized in 1930. In 1622 he was ordained. Against the voiced desires of Huguenot Protestants, officials of trading companies, and some Indians, he was granted his wish and in 1625 he sailed to Canada as a missionary, arriving on June 19, and lived with the Huron natives near Lake Huron, learning their customs and language, of which he became an expert (it is said that he wrote the first dictionary of the Huron language). He has been called Canada's "first serious ethnographer." Although the missionaries were recalled in 1629, Brébeuf returned to Canada in 1633. He was the founder of the Huron mission, a position he relinquished to Father Jérôme Lalemant in 1638.

He unsuccessfully attempted to convert the Neutral nation on Lake Erie in 1640. In 1643 he wrote the Huron Carol, a Christmas carol which is still, in a very modified version, used today. Brebeuf’s charismatic presence in the Huron country helped cause a split between traditionalist Huron and those who wanted to adopt European culture.

Montreal-based ethnohistorian Bruce Trigger argues that this cleavage in Huron society, along with the spread of disease from Europeans, left the Huron vulnerable. Martyred.
Isaac Jogues
(1607-1646)a Jesuit missionary who travelled and worked among the Native Americans in North America. Started in Quebec. Locals blamed blackrobes for disesases. He was captured and tortured. Recuperated in France. He gave the original European name to Lake George, calling it Lac du Saint Sacrament, Lake of the Holy Sacrament. He is regarded as a martyr by the Roman Catholic Church. In 1930 Jogues, St. Jean de Brébeuf and six other martyred missionaries, all Jesuits or laymen associated with them, were canonized as "The North American Martyrs," or "St. Isaac Jogues and Companions." Their feast day is October 19 in the U.S., September 26 in Canada. Martyred with John de Brebeuf
Kateri Tekakwitha
Junipero Serra
(1713-1784)established 9 missions. 25 years of education. Camino Real, his root. Taught in Mexico city then transferred California. He was ill most of the time. Established Mission San Diego de Alcalá, the first of the 21 missions in Cali. A trieless worker. Largely responsible for the spread of Christianity on the West Coast. founded 21 missions. Relocated Mission Carmel
21 california missions
1769-1823. Mission San Francisco Solano was the last. San Diego de Alcalca was first. The 21 Alta California missions were established along the northernmost section of California's El Camino Real (Spanish for "The Royal Highway," though often referred to as "The King's Highway"), (more dependent and waterways set these apart) The California Spanish Missions supplied many of the needed goods in early California commerce. The indians provided all of the needed labor to keep the missions functioning as centers of religion and commerce. During the Mexican annexation the missions were stripped of their exclusive rights to own large tracks of land. Many of the missions were quickly abandoned or suffered great loss financially, most missions were destroy by earthquakes or floods over the years. The 21 California Spanish missions are a large part of California's rich history.
Eusebio Kino
(1645-1711)First person to map this region of Mexico. He discovered that lower cali was a peninsula. was a Catholic priest who became famous in what is now northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States for the methods he used to Christianize the indigenous Native American population. He established over 20 missions and visitas ("country chapels"), and was known for his ability to create relationships between indigenous peoples and the religious institutions he represented.
Jean Baptiste Lamy
(1814-1888) Ordained a priest. Sent to be vicarate Apostilic of a Vicarate New Mexico. Built churches. In 1853 it became a diocese. Became Archbishop. DCFTA based on him.Responsible for first school teaching english. He excommunicated Fr. Martinez.
George and Cecil Calvert
(1580-1632)Calvert took an interest in the colonisation of the new world, partly as a result of his conversion to Catholicism and his ensuing interest in creating a refuge for English Catholics. Born in England. He became the proprietor of the first succesful English settlement on the island of Newfoundland, Avalon. Dismayed by the conditions of the Newfoundland settlers, his dreams took him south along the coast, and he eventually sought a new royal charter to settle the region that was to become the state of Maryland. Two months before the charter was granted, Calvert passed away, and the settlement of the Maryland colony was left to his son, Cecilius Calvert. Cecilius came into conflict with Jesuits.
Andrew White
(1579-1656)missionary. For ten years Father White devoted himself with apostolic humility, patience, and zeal to missionary labours amongst the settlers and the aborigines. He entered the Society of Jesus. Taught Sacred Scripture. He devoted himself with apostolic humility, patience, and zeal to missionary. Relations were harmonious due to him. He composed a catechism in the native language.
John Caroll
(1735-1815)1st American Archbishop. Born to a distinguised Maryland family. Became a Jesuit. Volunteered in missionary labors. He went to Canada on a mission to secure the neutrality. Went to Belgium and then came back when the order was shut down. Traveled to Canada (dedication to Democracy). Began American Custom prayer. Drafted prayers for Government leaders. Pope Pius VI ordained him the first american Bishop of Baltimore. called the first synod of Balitmore. Supporter of Parochial schools. Established guidelines which became canon law. Lived to see the restoration of the Jesuits which he helped reorganize in his diocese. Active in civil affairs. Died 1815.
Elizabeth Ann Seton
(1774-1821)Due to her conversion she lost the support of her friends and family. Seton and her husband, shipping merchant (and Protestant) William Magee Seton, were New York aristocrats. The Setons went bankrupt in 1803 and William died shortly thereafter. They had five children. Elizabeth died from natural causes at the age of 47.Elizabeth Ann Seton helped with the formation of the Society for the Relief of Poor Widows with Small Children, New York's first private charity organization. Converted to Catholocism as an Episcopalian. Left a widow. In 1808, Seton established Saint Joseph's Academy and Free School, a school dedicated to the education of Catholic girls, in Emmitsburg, Maryland, at the invitation of the president of St. Mary's Seminary. St. Joseph's would later merge with St. Mary's to become Mount Saint Mary's College, now Mount Saint Mary's University. She founded the first religious community of apostolic women of the United States, the Sisters of Charity (in the Archdiocese of Baltimore. The first native Ameican community for women.
Pierre Toussaint
(1766-1853)Pierre Toussaint quickly became a popular hairdresser. He was freed from slavery when his owner died in 1807 and later became quite wealthy. He fell in love with another slave, Juliette Noel, and purchased her freedom when she was only fifteen years old. Noel married Toussaint and together they set out to help those in need in New York City. They opened their home as a shelter for orphans, a credit bureau, an employment agency and refuge for priests and poverty stricken travelers. Toussaint also funded money to build a new Roman Catholic church in New York, which became Old St. Patrick's Cathedral on Mulberry Street. After the death of his sister Rosalie, he and his wife adopted her daughter Euphemia and raised her as their own.

As Toussaint aged, he continued his charity. His wife, Juliette died in 1851. Two years later after his wife's death, Pierre Toussaint died on June 30, 1853, at the age of eighty-seven. He was buried along side his wife and daughter, Euphemia in Old St. Patrick's on Mott Street. In 1941, his grave was discovered by the Rev. Charles McTague. In 1990, John Cardinal O'Connor, then Archbishop of New York had Toussaint exhumed and reinterred in the crypt below the altar at St Patrick's Cathedral on Fifth Avenue. Because of his charity and his piousness, O'Connor was a strong supporter of sainthood for Toussaint.
Know Nothing Party
It grew up as a popular reaction to fears that major cities were being overwhelmed by Irish Catholic immigrants whom they regarded as hostile to American values and controlled by the Pope in Rome. It was a short-lived movement mainly active 1854-56; it demanded reform measures but few were passed. There were few prominent leaders, and the membership, mostly middle-class and Protestant, apparently was soon absorbed by the Republican Party in the North.

The movement originated in New York in 1843 when it was called the American Republican Party. It spread to other states as the Native American Party and became a national party in 1845. In 1855 they renamed themselves the American Party. The origin of the "Know Nothing" term was in the semi-secret organization of the party. When a member was asked about its activities, he was supposed to reply "I know nothing."
Isaac Hecker and the Paulists
(1819-1888)He searched for his own religion. Joined Redemptrists. Met Brownson in 1836 and was influenced by Transcendentalist. With approval of Pius IX he returned to NY to found the Paulists, an institute especially for Protestants to conduct missions. Met with great success. Published Catholic World in 1865. Most influential Catholic leader among Transcendentalist that turned to Catholicism.
Cardinal James Gibbons
(1834-1914)Very good at business. Went to a Redemptrist mission. Inspired him to join priesthood. Founded Catholic Univ. Chaplin at Fort...Appointed Vicar Apostolic of NC in 1868. Youngest Bishop at vatican in 1867. He championed the rights of labor. Made a plea in the Knights of Labor. Became Bishop of Richmond. Published Faith of our Fathers- how to convert people. During the war he organized the National Catholic war council. He wrote Faith of our Fathers, an exposition of the Catholic faith. 1886, became a Cardinal. 1917, Roosevelt said he was the most respectible man. He was remarkable for piety and sagacity.
Katherine Drexel
(1858-1955)Born to a rich family. Used money to fund...became a missionary. Taught to use her wealth to benefit others. Her parents opened their home for poor. Katherine asked Pope Leo XIII to send more missionaries to Wyoming for her friend Bishop O'Conner and he asked why dont you becoem a missionary?. She began her aid to Indian missions and spent millions of her fortune. Founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored, or just the first lines in NM. Took a vow. Founded a systems of schools for Black and Indian children. Founded st. Catherine Indian school. Founded Xavier in Louisiana, the first black Catholic university. Suffered a heart attack in 66. Canonized by Pope John Paul II.
The Baltimore Catechism
Standard Catholic School textbook. Written for American culture. Based on the Irish Catechism.
1. Communion
2. Confirmation
3. Post Confirmation
4. Teacher's training
Charles Coughlin
(1891-1979)was a Canadian-born Roman Catholic priest at Royal Oak, Michigan's National Shrine of the Little Flower Church. He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience, as millions tuned to his weekly broadcasts during the 1930s. His chief topics were political and economic rather than religious. He was antisemitic. He wrote Social Justice. His opinions became more controversial and extreme as he was described as a fascist.Praised Hitler in the fight against communism. Became involved with trade unions.
Dorothy Day
(1897-1980)was an American journalist turned social activist and devout member of the Catholic Church. She became known for her social justice campaigns in defense of the poor, forsaken, hungry and homeless. Alongside Peter Maurin, she founded the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933, espousing nonviolence, and hospitality for the impoverished and downtrodden. Day initially lived a bohemian lifestyle, with two common law marriages and an abortion she later wrote about in her semi-autobiographical novel, The Eleventh Virgin. With the birth of her daughter, Tamar, she began a period of spiritual awakening which led her to embrace Catholicism, joining the Church in December 1927 with baptism at Our Lady Help of Christians parish on Staten Island. Started Catholic Workers Union. Opposed sexual revolution of the sixties. The Catholic workers union was founded and started with the Catholic Worker newspaper, created to stake out a neutral, pacifist, even anarchist position in the increasingly war-torn 1930s. This grew into a "house of hospitality" in the slums of New York City
John Courtney Murray
(1904-1967)Ordained a priest. A teacher of theology. Editor of "America". Consistently attacked by conservative Church leaders. Involved with Second Vatican council.was a Jesuit theologian and prominent American intellectual who was especially known for his efforts to reconcile Catholicism and religious pluralism, religious freedom, and the American political order. He played a fundamental role in persuading the Church to positively endorse religious freedom, in the ground-breaking Second Vatican Council Declaration Dignitatis Humanae.
Humanae Vita
Of Human Life. Love and marriage is sacred. contraception not accepted. natural cycled is acceptable. By Pope Paul II.
Wilton Gregory
(1947-?)Converted to Catholicism. Ordained a priest in Chicago. Doctorate in Sacred Liturgy. 3 yrs as an associate pastor. Ordained auzilliary Bishop. Was a bishop in Belleville, Il. Pope John Paul II appointed him Archbishop of Atlanta. he was attracted to the Catholic faith, and soon became a Catholic. He soon felt God's call to the priesthood, and, after completing his seminary studies at Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary and at St. Mary of the Lake, was ordained a priest on May 9, 1973.

After completing a doctorate in Sacred Liturgy at the Pontifical Liturgical Institute in Rome, he taught at Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary near Chicago. He was ordained a bishop by Cardinal Bernardin on December 13, 1983, and served as an auxiliary bishop of Chicago until February 10, 1994 when he was appointed bishop of Belleville, Illinois. On January 17, 2005 Archbishop Gregory was installed as the current Archbishop of Atlanta.

From 2001 to 2004, Gregory served as the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.
Bishop Skylstad
In the 7th grade he decided to become a preist. Named chancellor of Spokane Diocese. Charged him w/not watching a priest during the sex scandal. In 2004 was elected to be the President of the US council of Bishops.
Fulton Sheen
(1895-1979) was American television's first preacher of note, hosting Life Is Worth Living in the early 1950s on the DuMont Television Network. THE CATHOLIC HOUR(radio) and LIFE IS WORTH LIVING(tV). Sheen won an Emmy Award for his efforts,
Thomas Merton
(1915-1968) was one of the most influential Catholic authors of the 20th century. A Trappist monk of the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani, Merton was an acclaimed Catholic theologian, poet, author and social activist. Merton wrote over 50 books, scores of essays and reviews, and is the ongoing subject of countless biographies. Merton was also a proponent of ecumenism, engaging in spiritual dialogues with such icons as His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Thich Nhat Hanh and D.T. Suzuki. His career was suddenly cut short at a relatively young age due to an accident when he was electrocuted stepping out of his bath.

American religious writer and poet, b. France. He grew up in France, England, and the United States and studied at Cambridge Univ. and at Columbia (B.A., 1938; M.A., 1939). Converted to the Roman Catholic Church during his college career, he became in 1941 a Trappist monk. He was later ordained a priest and is known in religion as Father M. Louis. Merton died as a result of an accident in Thailand while attending an ecumenical council of Catholic and Buddhist monks
Joseph Cardinal Bernadein
(1928-1996)was an American clergyman who served as the twelfth bishop and seventh archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago from 1982 to 1996. Falsely accused of sexual abuse. Bernardin is best known for popularizing the Consistent Ethic of Life philosophy, which holds that life must be consistently valued and protected from conception until natural death, regardless of the surroundings. The philosophy sometimes is called the Seamless Garment of Life. Archbishop of Chicago. Bernardin is also noted for his interest in the concern of young adults, which was in part evidenced by his involvement in the nascent Theology on Tap lecture
Thea Bowman
(1937-1990)Taught english. Doctorate in Lit. Joined a Franciscan sister at 16 yrs old. Born in Missouri. Gifted with a brilliant mind and a beautiful voice she shared her message through her teaching. She gave presentations across the country. Her programs were directed to break down racial and cultural barriers. She was diagnosed with breast cancer. Us Bishops invited her to be a key speaker.