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10 Cards in this Set

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Imperialism
The complete control of a weaker nation’s social, economic, and political life by a stronger nation.
balance of power
A political policy in which countries attempt to preserve peace by keeping an equal military and economic status
Berlin Conference
1884-1885) During European Imperialism, various European leaders met in Berlin, Germany to discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully. These leaders had little regard for African independence, and had no representation for native Africans. This began the process of imperializing Africa
Boxer Rebellion
(1900) A rebellion by the people of China to end foreign domination.
Industrial Revolution
In the second half of the 19th century, it was the fundamental change in the way goods were produced through the use of machines, capital, and the centralization of work forces in factories. It completely altered the social, economic, and political structure of most of Europe, Japan, and the United States.
Kipling, Rudyard
(1865-1936) British writer and poet. His poem The White Man’s Burden became a popular justification for European imperialism.
Meiji Restoration
1852-1912) Emperor of Japan from 1867 to 1912. He was responsible for the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the rapid modernization and industrialization of Japan.
mercantilism
The policy of building a nation's wealth by exporting more goods than it imports. Colonies are instrumental in this policy as they supply their parent nations with raw materials that are used to produce finished goods, and then exported back to the colonies. Colonies not only served as a source for the raw materials, but also as an exclusive market for the parent country.
missionary
A person who spreads the teachings of a religion.
natural resources
Various materials found in nature used in manufacturing such as wood, coal, and oil.