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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What are the french weaving looms programmed with?
Punched Cards
Think of different ways of forming a whole for weaving.
What U.S agency used Herman Helleirth's Machine?
U.S Census Bureau
Think of Population.
What was the 1st commerically available computer?
UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer)
Reminder!! The question asks what is the 1st COMMERCIAL computer NOT the 1st PERSONAL.
What lead the miniturization of devices in the 1950s?
Transistors
What is the 1st personal computer?
Altair 8800
The data pathway in a computer is?
Bus
An example of an open source OS is?
Linux
This is more widely ported than any other operating system
What is volatile (change) to power?
RAM (Radom Access Memory)
RAM (Random Access Memory)-
is a type of computer memory that can be accessed without infringing on any adjacent bytes; most commonly found in basic computers; "main memory"; a residual standard for memory used by programs
Give the definition.
What type of connection sends one bit a time?
Serial connection
What expansion card type is dedicated for graphics cards?
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port)
ROM (Read Only Memory):
is a type of computer memory containing prerecorded data. Most personal computers contain a small amount of this that stores programming essential for basic funtioning, such as the boot-up routine.
definition
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port):
cards are designed to bypass the PCI bus (physical motherboard route) and attain direct access to the main memory of the computer. AGPs are used strictly for purposing 3D graphics.
definition
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect):
cards support 32-bit organizations and interface through a white slot on the motherboard, shorter thant those dedicated to ISA.
definition
ISA (Industry Standard Architecture):
is an older standard that occupied a black slot connector on the motherboard.
definition
What expansion card type is dedicated for graphics cards?
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port)
ROM (Read Only Memory):
is a type of computer memory containing prerecorded data. Most personal computers contain a small amount of ROM that stores programming essential for basic funtioning, such as the boot-up routine.
definition
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port):
cards are designed to bypass the PCI bus (physical motherboard route) and attain direct access to the main memory of the computer. AGPs are used strictly for purposing 3D graphics.
definition
PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect):
cards support 32-bit organizations and interface through a white slot on the motherboard, shorter thant those dedicated to ISA.
definition
ISA (Industry Standard Architecture):
is an older standard that occupied a black slot connector on the motherboard.
definition
What is a the motherboard?
the main circuit board of a PC.
What does CPU stand for and what does it mean?
It stand for Central Processing Unit, and the CPU is the brain of the computer; it interperts and executes the instructions of a command program.
What is the rate at which a CPU can excute the instructions it receives?
Clock Speed
What is a group of integrated circuits ont the motherboard the performs one or more functions.
Chipset
What is an application?
It is an environment supported bu the underlying operating system of the computer.
What is considered the computer's toolbox?
OS (Operating System)
BUS:
is the collection of wires through which data is transmitted from one location within a computer to another.
definition
What connection elists multiple wires, enabling the transmission of more than one bit at a given time?
Parallel Connection
What was the Apple II first at doing?
Displaying a color display.
What is a mainframe?
is a large computer that is capable of supporting hundreds to thousands of users simultaneously.
What is a large machine that can perform an extremely high number of instructions per second?
Supercomputer
What us capable of supporting hundreds of users at the same time?
Minicomputer
Personal Computer (PC):
is simply a self-contained computing device offering all necessary input, output, and display device utilities to a single end-user.
What is a Workstation?
It is a powerful, single-user computer.
What is a computer?
On the most basic level, is a programmable device able to store and respond to a set of instruction for processing data, oterhwise know as a program, and tgen execute those instructions when commanded.
How is the data in a computer represented?
In a Binary Fashion.
A computer simply interprets _________.
Voltage
These switches represent either an "on" state(1 when voltage is present) or an "off" state (0 when when voltage is absent.
Binary Numbers
Individually one of these numbers is acknowledged as a ________.
Bit
Quantities of bits are designated how?
With a lowercase "b".
What unit stores and processes data in bitstreasms of eight?
Byte
What unit stores and processes a grouping of four total bits?
Nibble
What term is used to identify these longer strings of bits?
Word
Output device:
is a device is utilized for display of the information the computer processes.
definition
Input device:
is a device is used to receive the transmission of data from sources external to the machine.
definition