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17 Cards in this Set

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Recommended IM sites
ventrogluteal
deltoid (for small doses only)
vastus lateralis (good for children, also does not have a lot of blood vessels)
Recommended subcu sites
abdomen
upper hips
upper back
lateral thighs
lateral upper arm
Recommended needle length for IM
Depends on size of adult but 1 to 1-1/2 inches
Recommended needle length for subcu
3/8, 1/2, 5/8 inch
Recommended needle length for Z-track
1 to 1-1/2 inches
What determines needle length for IM?
Muscle development
Patient size and weight
Type of injection (longer for IM)
Slant of needle placement (often 90 degrees for IM)
What determines needle length for subcu?
Patient size and weight
Type of injection (subcu)
Slant of needle placement (may be using a 45-degree angle)
Massaging after injection:
Z-track?
IM?
Subcu?
ID?
Z-track : No!
IM: Yes for most
Subcu: Yes for most
ID: No!
Types of syringes
Luer slip tip
Luer-Lok
Insulin
Info about Luer slip tip
Tuberculin needle
1 mL
Marked in tenths, hundredths, and minims
Usually for subcu, can be used for intradermal
Smaller doses
Info about Luer-Lok
3 mL
Marked in tenths and minims
Used for larger amounts, IM
Info about insulin syringes
100 units (1 mL) or 50 units (0.5 mL)
Sometimes can be used for other subcu injections that require a small amount
Rate of absorption from injection?
IV fastest
IM next
Subcu next
Gauge for IM?
20-23
Gauge for subcu?
25-29
Gauge for ID?
25-27
Gauge for Z-track?
20-22 (deep IM)