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91 Cards in this Set

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The primary reason for having a rescue unit in place at a working structure fire is ___
to rescue trapped or overcome firefighters (RIC team)
Where are the most common rescue incidents
streets and highways
Who is responsible for operational capability
the governing body. ie your city government
Which NFPA standard is the standard on operations and training for for technical search and rescue incidents
NFPA 1670
How is success measured in a rescue operation
how EFFECTIVELY it was conducted

how SAFELY it was conducted
What is one of the most important components of rescue operations
training
True or False
Every rescuer can refuse to accept an assignment if they feel that he or she is not qualified or lacks the necessary resources
true
True or False
Every rescue operation does not necessarily need a saftey officer
false. Every rescue operation requires a safety officer
A major part of pre incident planning for search and rescue
determining what the initial response for each type of rescue incident should be to any location within the district
Which rescuers can initially assume command of an incident
any rescuer, regardless of rank
What are the major reponsibilities of the IC at a search and rescue incident
making decisions and managing resources
How big should an LZ be to land a medivac helicopter
at least 70 x70 with no greater than a 2 percent slope
During night time operations, when landing a helicopter, what should you not do with you lights if you are on the ground
never shine your lights at helicopter at night
Where do you place rescue vehicles on a scene - generally speaking
far enough to avoid exposing victims to exhaust, vibration and noise. Uphill and upwind
What is the purpose of shutting down your lights if possible
attracts less spectators. Passing motorists will be less likely to be distracted by them and less likely to react to them
Name the control zones for search and rescue incidents
- restricted zone (hot zone)
- limited access zone (warm zone)
- support zone (cold zone)
What is the hot zone on a search and rescue
this is where the rescue is taking place. Only rescue personnel who are dealing directly with treating or freeing the victims
What is the warm zone on a search and rescue
immediately outside of the hot zone, this zone is limited to personnel who are directly aiding those in the hot zone.
What is the cold zone on a search and rescue
this zone includes the incident command post, the PIO, staging areas for personnel and portable equipment. No public access
What is the key to successful evacuation
pre incident planning
Which NFPA standard is the standard for fire service life safety rope and system components
NFPA 1983
Awareness - level requirements for rope rescue personnel require us to be capable of 3 things minimum, what are they
- recognize a rope rescue incident
- taking control of a scene and denying entry to all except those authorized
- initiating the emergency response system via radio or simply dialing 911
According to NFPA 1983 there are 3 classifications of rescue rope
- life safety rope
- utility rope
- throwlines (accessory cord)
Life safety rope is broken down into two categories
- light use (formerly called 1 person rope)
- general use (formerly called 2 person rope)
NFPA 1983 defines life safety rope as ___
rope dedicated solely for the purpose of supporting people during rescue or other emergency operations. CAN be used for training operations
What kind of rope is used as life safety rope
static kernmantle rope
Minimum breaking strength for throwline, light use life safety rope and general use life safety rope
throwline - 3000 lbs
light use life safety - 4500 lbs
general use life safety - 9000 lbs
The maximum safe working load for light use life safety and general use life safety rope is
light use - 300 lbs
general use - 600 lbs
According to NFPA 1983 life safety rope must have a minimum stretch of ___ % and a maximum stretch of ___%
1 percent to 10 percent
True or False
Once life safety rope is put out of service forever, you can use it as utility rope
true
What is throwline used for
also called accessory cord, its used for lashing litters and forming prussik loops
What are prussik loops used for in the rescue field
- pulling
- belaying
- ratcheting
What are the colors of webbing signifying
length
Name the colors and lengths of webbing
green - 5 feet
yellow - 12 feet
blue - 15 feet
red - 20 feet
black - 25 feet
What is the breaking strength of webbing used in rescues
4000 lbs
What is the width of webbing used in most rescue situations
1 inch
A seat harness is also known as a ___
class 1 harness
There are 3 classes of harnesses, what are their working loads
class 1 - 300 lbs
class 2 - 600 lbs
class 3 - designed to support a 600 lb load also known as a full body harness
How do you tell the difference between a class 1 and class 2 harness
by appearance they are identical so you have to read the label to determine the breaking strength
To be suitable for use in rescue a knot must have what 5 characteristics
- must be easy to tie
- must be visually identifiable
- must be easy to untie
- must be secure under load
- must reduce the ropes strength as little as possible
Regardless of what kind of anchor is used, what must rescuers always be aware of
virtually any anchor can be overloaded and fial if enough pull is applied
In a two point anchor system what is important concerning the angles of attachement
the angle between the anchor points and the point of attachment should be between 0 and 90 degrees
Two of the most common lowering systems are those using
brake racks and eight plates
What are the most common types of raising systems used in a resue operation
2:1 system
3:1 system (Z-rig)
4:1 system (block and tackle
If all communications are down and the only way to communicate is through tugging on the lifeline, what acronym is used and what does it mean?
OATH

1 tug - Okay
2 tugs - Advance
3 tugs - Take up (eliminate slack)
4 tugs - Help!
Anchor points that are large and almost immovable are affectionately referred to as ___ in the rescue service
Bomb proof
A rope rescue team should have at least ___ members
6 members, one crew leader and 5 crew members
Confined spaces that are considered to be more hazardous to employees working inside than are others are termed ____
permit required confined spaces
What is one of the worst mistakes made by untrained personnel when it comes to confined space rescue
going in unprepared, dying in the process of rescue and adding to the problem
Name the types of confined spaces per IFSTA
- tanks/vessels
- silos/elevators
- storage bins/hoppers
- utility vaults/pits
- aquaducts/sewers
- cisterns/wells
- coffer dams
On a small relatively simple rescue operations the incident action plan need not be in writing BUT ___
there MUST be a plan in place
Because atmostpheric conditions can change after a rescuers enter a confined space, some depts. will require ____
breathing protection will be worn whenever they are in a confined space
What is the NFPA standard on operations and training for technical search and rescue incidents
NFPA 1670
Give examples of light frame construction
wood frame structures used for residential occupancies, multiple low rise occupancies and light commercial occupancies up to 4 stories in height
Are light frame buildings more or less likely to collapse when hit by earthquakes, tornados and hurricanes
less likely because they have inherent flexibiltiy due to their light nature
Give examples of heavy wall construction
commercial, mercantile and industrial buildings
Give examples of heavy floor construction
office buildings, schools, apartment buildings, hospitals, multi level parking garages
When a rescuer finds a piece of debris that is resistant to being moved, what should be done
do not move the piece until it can be shored up
When a collapse has occurred what are some of the key pieces of information that must be gathered
- have all occupants been accounted for
- how many victims are there
- is their location known
- are they inured or merely trapped
- are they conscious, and if so, can they communicate
What is a flying shore?
horizontal shores that are installed above the ground or other stable horizontal surface
What is another name for a veritcal shore
a dead shore
What kind of shore is used when you need to stabilize a freestanding wall
a raker shore
Pneumatic or hydraulic shores have a minimum load capacity rating of ___
10 tons
Wooden shoring is constructed in four basic configurations, what are they
- vertical shores
- raker shores
- horizontal shores
- braces or struts
FEMA search marking system, what do you when you enter
single slash when you enter
FEMA search marking system, what do you do when you exit
second slash across first slash creating an X
What info goes into the X of the FEMA search marking system
- top, date and tim of search
- bottom, total victims STILL INSIDE, how many alive, how many dead
- right, hazards
- left, search team name
What NFPA standard is the standard on operations and training for technical rescue incidents
NFPA 1670
Awareness level for technical search and rescue
minimum capability of organizations that provide response to technical search and rescue
Operations level search and rescue
identify hazards, use equipment, and apply limited techniques specified to support and participate in technical search and rescue
Technician level search and rescue
everything that awareness level and operations level are qualified to do PLUS being able to apply advanced techniques, perform, supervise, and coordinate technical search and rescue
What is the most stable of all natural materials
rock
how much can a cubic foot of soil weigh
90-110 lbs depending on its composition
Type A soils
the most stable and least likely to fail. Unconfined compressive strength of 1.5 tons per square foot or greater
Type B soils
less stable than type A soils they have an unconfined compressive strength greater than 0.5 tons per square foot but less than 1.5 tons per square foot.
Type C soils
least stable of the three soils.
unconfined repressive strength of 0.5 tons per square foot or less
What is a good manual test of soil
rolling it into threads. If a thread of soil can be rolled into a two inch length, it is considered cohesive
What must you assume if you are responding to a trench rescue
that the trench walls are dangerously unstable, therefore you must stabilize the walls before entering the trench
Name 3 types of trench failure
- lip cave in
- wall slough in
- wall shear
What is sloping and benching
a method to prevent cave ins of a trench
What is the practical upper limit of hydraulic elevators
6 stories
Name the two types of electric elevators
drum type
traction type
which type of elevator is obsolete and only used in very old buildings
drum type
What is the most common type of elevator used in high rise buildings
traction type
Why are traction type elevators used in high rise
because they dont have height limitations the way drum and hydraulic elevators do
What kind of doors can you expect to find in a freight elevator
vertical bi part
What is the most common type of passenger elevator door
center opening
When is a top or side exit required on an electric elevator
when the system does not have a manual lowering valve
What is the easiest way to open the hoistway door to a passenger elevator
the proper elevator key
True or False
Calls for elevator assistance are either routine incidents or true emergencies
true, rarely in between
When is the likelihood of injury increased when passengers leave the elevator
when they have to leave an elevator car other than by walking out through the main doors