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8 Cards in this Set

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Axial Age
who: German philosopher Karl Jaspers
what:a period of time in which no one empire was dominant in the world.
where: China, India
when: between 800 and 200 BC
why: gave people space to develop new thought and create philosophical systems.
Silk Road
Who: traders, merchants, pilgrims, missionaries, soldiers, nomads.

What: broad network of roads, caravan routes, and shipping lanes that connected peoples of Asia with the Meditteranean world

Where: network across Eurasia

When: between 500-1500 AD

Why: important for the cultural, commerical, religious and technological exchange it provided, as well as potential for spreading diseases such as the Black Death. Created a unity and coherence to man distinct civilizations it incorporated.
Black Death
What: bubonic, pneumonic, & septicemic plague that killed a person within a few days of contracting it.

When: first appeared 534; did most damage from 1346-1350 AD

Where: throughout Eurasia but effect peaked in Europe

Who: killed 30-90 % of those who were affected

Why: decimated Europe's population and changed decimated populations changed social systems w/ the scarcity of lower class labor now being able to demand higher wages.
Vedic Age
What: period in which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were being produced. These were poems, hymns, prayers and rituals written in Sanskrit and compiled by the Brahmins.

When: 1500-600 BC

Who: Aryans; Brahmins or priests

Where: the Indian subcontinent

Why: provided an element of unity and commonality in terms of linguistics
Sanskrit
When: 600 BC

Where: India

Who: compiled by Brahmins

What: elite language used for religious purposes, the sound of which was meant to be divine.

Why: considered a holy language and was used to compose the Upanishads, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, and Vedas.
Caste System
What: a social system created to split India into classes

When: 1200 BC

Where: India

Who: classes consisted of the Brahmin ( head) which was the religious or priestly class, Kshatriya (arm) warrior class, Vaishaya (legs) merchant/ craftsmen class, and Sudra (feet) peasants / serfs that did the dirty work.
Zheng He
who: Eunuch who was general of the Ming Dynasty treasure fleet.

what: led Chinese seafaring expeditions through the South China Sea, Indian Ocean to display Chinese power and prestige and control foreign trade in the region.

When: traveled between 1405 and 1433 A.D.

Why: led one of the greatest fleets in history. did not seek to set up colonies, Chinese settlements, or spread culture. They could have had a large maritime empire but chose not to in desire to maintain what they thought was a self-sufficient "middle kingdom."
Vasco De Gama
who: Portuguese explorer

what: launched a voyage around southernmost tip of Africa along the east African coast and with the help of a Muslim pilot, across the Indian Ocean to Calicut in southern India.

when: 1497

why: Europeans had developed a a taste for certain goods from the east. this helped establish the Europeans in the sea lanes to the east.