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130 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The left kidney lies between which vertebrae?
T12-T3
It takes about two weeks for the sperm to pass through the epididymis to complete functional maturation. Yet the sperm are still immobile. They recieve secretions from the _ to become moile?
a. prostate
b. seminal vesicle
c. vas deferens
d. testis
A. Prostate
The thickest part of the uterus is called the

a. pelvis
b. body
c. cervix
d. fundus
D. Fundus
From 1200 cc of blood flowing through the kidneys each minute, how much urine is formed?
1 cc
Which cranial nerve does not supply the tongue?

a. III
b. V
c. VII
d. XII
a. III (ocular motor)
The fallopian tube is 4.5 inches long and the ovum travels through it in about _ days

a. 1-2
b. 3-4
c. 5-6
d. 8-9
B. 3-4
The urinary bladder lies _ to the non-pregnant uterus?
Anterior
The membranous labyrinth follows the outline of the boy labyrinth except for the
a. semicircular canals
b. ampulla
c. scala vestibuli
d. utricle and saccule
D.
Rennin produced by the infant comes from the
a. stomach
b. kidney
c. liver
d. gall bladder
a. stomach
Both brain and kidneys each recieve a _ of the cardiac output

a. 1/2
b. 1/3
c. 3/4
d. 1/4
D. 1/4
The receptor for hearing is called the
a. bipolar cells
b. spiral ganglion
c. organ of corti
d. auricle
C. organ of Corti
Protein digestion taking place in the stomach comes primarily from what cells?
a. mucous cells
b. goblet cells
c. chief cells
d. paneth cells
C. chief cells
The mucous membrane of the stomach consists of mucous cells, chief cells and _

a. paneth cells
b. parietal or oxyntic cells
c. cardiac cells
d. coeliac cells
B. Parietal or oxyntic cells
Which is not a principal layer of the skin?
a. hyperdermis
b. hypodermis
c. dermis
d. epidermis
A. Hyperdermis
The abdominal wall is lined with
a. stratified squamous
b. parietal peritoneum
c. simple cuboidal
d. stratified columnar
B
The external auditory meatus is lined with
a. simple squamous
b. straified squamous
c. simple columnar
d. simple cubodial
B. stratified squamous
After ovulation during the secretory stage of the endometrial development, which sex steriod hormone is high?
a. estrogen
b. FSH
c. progesterone
d. aldosterone
C. P4
Sperm are viable for 3 days. What day of the cycle does ovulation usually occur?

a. 5th
b. 10th
c. 20th
d. 14-15th
D
The Eustachian tube connects the nasopharynx with the
a. mastoid sinus
b. inner ear
c. middle ear
d. external ear
c. Middle ear
Taste buds are found
a. in the epithelium of the oral pharynx
b. in the tip of the tongue only
c. on the frenulum
d. on the sides of the papillae
D. on the sides of the papillae
The hardest, most stable tissue in the body is
a. cementum
b. dentine
c. enamel
d. bone
C. enamel
The germinal epithelium in the _ produce thousands of sperm throughout life.
a. scrotum
b. vas deferens
c. prostate
d. seminiferous tubules
d. seminiferous tubules
Peyer's patches are masses of lymphoid tissue found in the
a. pharynx
b. larynx
c. cecum
d. ileum
D. ileum
What is the most crucial structure involved in forming the glomerular filtrate?
a. podocytes
b. simple squamous epithelium
c. basement membrane upon which the podocytes sit
d. proximal convoluted tubule
C.
Antidiuretic hormone formed in the hypothalamus acts on what part of the kidney tublar syste,?
a. Bowman's capsule
b. proximal convoluted tubule
c. collecting ducts
d. major calyces
C. Collecting ducts
The tympanic membrane consists of
a. only mucous membrane
b. only stratified squamous epithelium
c. a,b and collagenous fibers
d. only collagenous fibers
C
Which substance is not reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tuble?
a. Na+
b. glucose
c. water
d. PO4
D. PO4
The type of epithelium from the calyces through the urinary bladder is called
a. simple squamous
b. unadaptable
c. transitional
d. stratified columnar
C. transitional
Most absorption of digestd products take place in the
a. cecum and ascneding colon
b. ileum
c. ilium
d. duodenum
D
The Pap's smear, a test for uterine cancer, is taken from the cervix, which is the _ part of the uterus
a. thickest
b. thinnest and inferior
c. superior
d. posterior
B. thinnest and inferior
The pH of semen is about _ to neutralize the acid in the vagina?
7
The _ cells form a blood testis barrier
a. Sertoli
b. spermatids
c. spermatogonia
d. bulbourethral gland
A. Sertoli
What function is not associated with the vagina?
a. serves as lower part of brith canal
b. recieves seminal fluid from male
c. provides many secretions
d. has stratified squamous epithelium to resist abrasion and infection
C. provides many secretions
Diabetes insipidus refers to a deficiency in
a. sugar
b. water
c. ADH
d. aldosteron
C. ADH
The juxtaglomerular apparatus in the wall of the afferent arteriole produces
a. aldosterone
b. renin
c. calcium acetate
d. nitrogen sulfide
B. renin
What functino is not assoicated with the large intestine?
a. recieves unabsorbed food
b. absorbs water
c. lubricates feces with mucus
d. produces most of the digestive enzymes
D
Alcohol and aspirin can be asbosored in the ?
Stomach
The kidneys lie on the psoas major and quadratus lumborum and are considered to be
a. in the peritoneal cavity
b. anteperitoneal
c. superiorperitoneal
d. retroperitoneal
D. retroperitoneal
The partoid salivary gland
a. secretes saliva into the floor of the mouth
b. is found on the medial surface of the ramus of the mandible
c. lies inferior and anterior to the external auditory meatus
d. is the smallest salivary gland
C.
The condition called heart burn is caused by
a. chyme entering the esophagus
b. massive contractions of the myocardium
c. ischemic condition of the yocardium
d. abnormal contraction of the pyloric sphinctor
A
What function is not associated with skin?
a. regulates body temperature
b. produces hair
c. acts as a physical barrier to microorganisms
d. can completely replace the function of the kidneys.
D
Cementum, the periodontal membrane and _ support the teeth in their sockets
a. columnar epithelium
b. gingival
c. dentine
d. enamel
B. gigival
The easiest approach to the vas deferens for a vasectomy is through the _
a. scrotum
b. prostate
c. seminal vesicle
d. ejaculatory duct
A. scrotum
The cypts of Lieberkuhn are found in the
a. gastic pits
b. Brunner's glands
c. base of the villi
d. at the tips of the villi
C. base of the villi
Which structure is not part of the nephron?
a. calyx
b. Bowman's capsule
c. loop of Henle
d. distal convoluted tubule
C. calyx
The trigone of the bladder is formed by "imaginary lines" connecting the
a. openings of the two urethras and the ureter
b. opening of the pelvis and the two ureters
c. openings of the two ureters and the urethra
d. openings of the three ureters
C.
Which is incorrect on why a blood testis barrier is necessary?
a. seminiferous tubular fluid is different from interstitial fluid.
b. seminiferous tubular fluid is high in androgens
c. seminiferous tubular fluid is high in estrogens
d. the btb is not essential to preserve these differences.
D
The esophagus begins at the same vertebral level (C6) as the
a. thyroid cartilage
b. vocal cords
c. trachea
d. primary bronchi
c. trachea
The counter part of the erectile tissue in the penis of the male is the _ in the female
a. mons pubis
b. labia majora
c. labia minora
d. clitoris
D. clitoris
Why is the relationship of the ureters to the uterus of concern during hysterectomy?
a. ureters enter bladder on superior, anterior surface
b. ureters enter bladder on inferior, posterior surface
c. uterus lies anteior to bladder
d. ureters lie posterior to rectum
B
The female ovulates about one thousand times during her reproductive period and the male produces about 100 sperm per ejaculation? T/F
False
Sperm can be produced through out the lifetime of the male just as ova can be produced through out the lifetime of the female. T/F
False
Most of the semen is produced by the prostate gland which provides the sugar fructose to nourish the sperm. T/F
False
The prostate secretion enhances the motility of the sperm. T/F
True
The corpora cavernosa penis and the corpora cavernosa urethra contain spongy-like blood sinuses. T/F
True
The internal sphincter is between the prostate gland and the urogenital diaphram. T/F
False
The ductus deferens and the duct from the seminal vesicle form the ejaculatory duct. T/F
True
When the ciliary muscle contracts, the lens decreases its thickness.
False
Both the cornea and the lens bend the light to focus on the fovea centralis.
True
The stomach lining does not dissolve itself because the pH is only 7.6.
False
The fovea centralis consists of a concentration of only rods.
False
The optic cup is an outgrowth of the mesencephalon.
False
The brush border of the proximal convoluted tubule contains macrovilli.
False
The visceral layer of the Bowman's capsule contrains cells called podocytes to allow protein to freely flow into the capsule.
False
Both the adrenal gland the the kidneys are retoperitoneal.
True
The kidney lies on a bed formed by the gluteus maximus.
False
The left kidney is highter than the right.
True
The glomerular filtrate is formed directly from the afferent arteriole.
False
The vibrations of the stapes against the _ cause fluid in the _ to move.
a. round window, scala vestibuli
b. oval window, scala vestibuli
c. tympanic membrane, scala tympani
d. vestibular membrane, cochlear duct
B.
Cerumen of ear wax is produced by
a. modified sweat glands
b. sebaceous glands
c. sound waves
d. mucous cells
A
Which is not in the middle ear?
a. ear ossicles
b. tensor tympani and stapedius muscles
c. V and VIII nerves
d. Cochlea
D.
The tympanic membrane in the pertrous portion of the temporal bone consists of
a. columnar cells and mucous membrane
b. stratified squamous epithelium, CT, mucous membrane
c. simple squamous epithelium
d. skin stretched like a drum
B
The cristae in the semicircular canals are sensitive to _
a. static equilibrium
b. hearign
c. pain
d. kinetic equilibrium
D.
The receptor for hearing is called the _ and is innervated by the _ nerve.
a. macula dense, VII
b. corpus luteum, V
c. Organ of Corti, VIII
d. caculae, VIII
C
Conjunctiva
a. protects the eyeball with a layer of fat
b. shades the eyes from sunlight
c. lines the internal surface of the eyelid and secretes muscus to prevent the eye from drying
d. is a thin fold of skin with a tarsal plate
C.
The sclera and the cornea are both made of
a. cuboidal epithelium
c. collagenous CT
c. reticular fibers
d. simple squamous epithelim
B
The fovea centralis is _ to the blind spot
a. medial
b. superior
c. lateral
d. inferior
C
Which tissue is not erectile tissue?
a. nipple
b. clitoris
c. uterus
d. fimbria of Fallopian tubes
C
The excretory part of the kidney includes the
a. distal convoluted tubule
b. proxmial convoluted tubule
c. calyx
d. loop of Henle
C
Aldosterone liberated by the _ acts on the _ to absorb more water and sodium.
a. kiney, adrenal cortex
b. adrenal medulla, DCT
c. live, PCT
d. adrenal cortex, DCT
D
Which is not reabsorbed in the PCT?
a. vit E
b. Vit C
c. amino acids
d. sugar
A
How much glomerular filtrate is formed each minute and how muc his reabsorbed in the kidney tubules?
a. 100 cc, 90 cc
b. 1,000 cc, 900cc
c. 125 cc, 1 cc
d. 125 cc, 124 cc
D
Cholecystokinen comes from the _ and acts on the _ to release bile
a. liver, gall bladder
b. duodenum, pancreas
c. duodenum, gall bladder
d. gall bladder, duodenum
C
Bile is formed in the liver and serves to _ fats.
a. digest
b. absorb
c. emulsify
d. destroy
C
Which structure is not a part of the nephron?
a. collecting duct
b. Bowman's capsule
c. DCT
d. Loop of Henle
A
Which is not a phagocyte?
a. Kupfer cell
b. dust cell
c. monocyte
d. lymphocyte
D
WHich is not a gland
a. liver
b. kidney
c. pancreas
d. spleen
D
Both the liver and the _ weight three pounds.
a. kidney
b. spleen
c. brain
d. pancreas
C
The structural and functional unit of the liver is the
a. hepatocyte
b. central vein
c. liver lobule
d. liver triad
C
The sinusoids in the liver contain
a. arterial blood
b. venous blood
c. bile
d. arterial and hepatic portal venous blood
D
The _ cushions the genitals during intercourse
a. vulva
b. mons pubis
c. clitoris
d. vagina
B
_ is the primary hormone assisting with regeneration of endometrium after menstruation
a. progesterone
b. estrogen
c. thyoid hormone
d. LH
B
Ova are produced in the
a. Fallopian tube
b. ovary
c. Graafian follice
d. yolk sac
D
The fimbria of the oviducts contain
a. oocyte
b. erectile tissue
c. stratified squamous epithelium
d. osteocytes
B
The _ ligament attaches the uterus to the pelvic wall
a. round
b. broad
c. ovarian
d. mesovarium
Broad
The exocrine cells of the pancreas secrete
a. glucagon
b. insulin
c. enzymes to aid in the digestion of protein
d. somatostatin
C
The head of the pancreas is found in the
a. blind pouch of the cecum
b. curve of the jejunum
c. curve of the duodenum
c. hilum of the spleen
C
Insulin is formed by the _ cells in the _
a. alpha, liver
b. alpha, gall bladder
c. beta, pancreas
d. delta, pancreas
C
The theca interna of the ovary is stimulated by _ to form estrogen.
FSH
Cortisol
a. depresses both the immune system and the cerebral cortex
b. stimulates bone resorption
c. is formed by the adrenal medulla
d. is stored in the thyroid gland
A
Antidiuretic hormone acts on the
a. macula densa
b. macula lutea
c. juxtaglomerular apparatus
d. collecting ducts in the kidney
D
The medulla of the adrenal gland is formed from
a. neural crest cells
b. neruoepithelial cells
c. Kupfer cells
d. Schwann cells
A
Glucocorticoids are released with the aid of
a. somatotrophs
b. ACTH
c. FSH
d. LH
B
Osteoclasts are stimualted by
a. cortisol
b. thyroglobulin
c. norephinephrine
d. parathormone
D
Calcitonin
a. causes cretinism if in excess
b. promotes magnesium uptake in bones
c. is secreted by the parathyroid gland
d. promotes calcium uptake in bones
D
Triiodothyronine
a. contains no iodine
b. is the storage form of the thyroid hormone
c. controls metabolic rate of tissues in the body
d. is found in colloid
C.
The isthmus of the thyroid gland crosses the trachea over tracheal rings
a. 1-3
b. 2-4
c. 4-6
d. 6-8
B
Most of the uterus consists of
a. myometrium
b. endometrium
c. ectometrium
d. serometrium
A. myometrium
The innermost layer of the uterus is called
a. myometrium
b. endometrium
c. ectometrium
d. serometrium
C
Which is not a componenet of the vulva?
a. labia majora
b. clitoris
c. labia minora
d. anus
D
The site where feretilization normally occurs
a. is about 1/3 the way done the Fallopian tube
b. the uterine wall, somewhere in the fundus
c. the cervix of the uterus
d. the vagina
A
The cristae, which help maintain kinect equilibrium, consitute the receptors for the
a. cochlea
b. semicirular canals
c. vestibule
d. marcula
B
The muscles which modify bone vibration in the middle ear are the
a. tensor malleolus and stapedius
b. tensor tympani and stapedius
c. incus and stapes
d. malleolus and tympani
B.
The fluid motion within the scala tympani cuases vibration of the _ upon which sits the Organ of Corti
a. tectorial membrane
b. membrane of oval window
c. basilar membrane
d. tympanic membrane
C
Mechanical stimulation of the hair cells in the Organ of Corti is transmitted by electrical impulses via dendrites to teh
a. supporting cells
b. spiral ganglion in the bony pillar of the cochlea
c. scala vestibuli
d. scala tympani
B
The inner ear is found in the _ of the temporal bone
a. mastoid portion
b. squamous portion
c. zygomatic process
d. petrous portion
D
Receptors including hair cells, otoliths, gelatinous covering, static equilibrium, 3 D position in space are all concerted with
a. cristae
b. maculae
c. Organ of Corti
d. none of the above
B
What structure is not a main factor in supporting the tooth in its bony socket?
a. enamel
b. gingiva
c. cementum
d. periodontal membrane
A
What structure is not part of the mucosa of the digestive systems?
a. epithelium
b. cartilage
c. smooth muscle
d. glands
B
What fact is not true for the esophagus?
a. it is anterior to the vertebral bodies
b. the presence of HCL cause heart burn
c. it connects the laryngeal pharynx to the stomach
d. the upper third of the muscularis is only smooth muscle
D
What substance is not normally found in chyme?
a. protein digestive enzymes
b. muscus
c. HCL
d. bile
D
The stomach is found _ of the abdominal cavity
a. in the middle
b. mostly to the left of the midline
c. mostly to the right of the midline
d. in the left lower quadrant
B
What is not rue about the muscularis of the stomach?
a. it has three layers of muscle to create a chruning motion
b. it is found in the fundus of the stomach
c. it is found in the body of the stomach
d. its oblique layer is skeletal muscle
D
A specific characteristic of the lining of the duodenal wall is that
a. parietal cells are present to inhibit the action of HCL
b. Brunner's glands exist to neutralize the acid in chyme entering the stomach
c. the epithelium has no microvilli upon the macrovilli to aid with the absorption of Calcium
d. the crypts of Lieberkuhn are missing
B
The distance from the pyloric sphincter to the ileocecal vlve is about _ feet in length
a. 3
b. 20-21
c. 5
d. 15
B
The large intestine is about _ feet in length
a. 10
b. 20
c. 30
d. 4.5
D
What is not a function of the large intestine?
a. it prodcues bile
b. it receives unabsorbed and undigested food
c. it actively absorbs water
d. it produces a good deal of mucus to lubricate the feces
A
Cancer is most prevalent in which part of the colon?
a. transverse
b. ascending
c. descending
d. sigmoid
D
Feces are stored in the which part of the colon
a. ascending
b. transverse
c. descending
d. sigmoid
d
McBurney's point which designates the location of the appendix is found between the
a. umbilicus and the left nipple
b. umbilicus and the right anterior iliac spine
c. umbilicus and the left anterior iliac spine
d. anterior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle
B