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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
myalencephalon
medulla oblongata
respiratory and cardiovascular centers
houses neurons for cranial nerves 8-12
metencephalon
cerebellum (dorsal)
pons (ventral)
cerebellum
balance, coordination
cognitive processing
emotions
ANS
nerves 5, 6, 7, 8
pons
metencephalon
"bridge" - fibers from cerebral hemispheres to cerebellar hemispheres
mesencephalon
midbrain
diencephalon
epithalamus
thalamus
hypothalamus
telencephalon
cerebrum: cerebral hemispheres
superior/inferior coliculi
in mesencephalon

superior: visual tracking
inferior: auditory pathway
substantia nigra
mesencephalon - in the cerebral peduncle deep to the corticospinal tract

black substance
dopamine
controls basal ganglia (inhibitory)
thalamus
egg shape, ~25 nuclei
receives sensory inputs from body
sends to cerebral cortex

**all sensations through thalamus then to cortex, EXCEPT smell**
hypothalamus
size of grape
regulates body temp, hunger, thirst
emotions
forms releasing hormones for Anterior Pituitary Hormones
Produces the hormones for Posterior Pituitary
basal ganglia
modify motor behavior
hippocampus
recent memory processing
visual/spatial acuity
amygdala
fear processing
ganglion
collection of nerve cell bodies OUTSIDE CNS
lack of elasticity in alveoli (disease)
emphysema
pineal gland
epithalamus

secretes melatonin to regulate circadian rhythm
cerebral peduncles
midbrain

contain pyramidal (corticospinal) motor tracts descending to spinal cord