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112 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5 Pillars of Islam
1. Shahadah (profession of faith)
2. Salat (five daily prayers)
3. Zakat (alms giving)
4. Sawm (fasting)
5. Hajj (pilgrimage)
5 Great Relationships
1. Parent to Child
2. Husband to Wife
3. Old Sibling to Young Sibling
4. Old Friend to Young Friend
5. Ruler to Subject
6 Stages of Faith
1. Imaginative
2. Literal
3. Group
4. Personal
5. Mystical
6. Sacrificial
Imam
leader of friday worship in Islam
Qur'an
recitation
Ramadan
month of fasting for Muslims
Surah
chapter in the Koran
Ka'ba
stone structure in Mecca that Muhammad adopted as focus
Ghaflah
fogetting; Islams explanation of how people forget divine origin
Hadith
writings which record traditions based on what Muhammad said
Minaret
tower located at corner of mosque
Abraham
most important figure in Koran
Hanif
group of Muslim contemplatives which Muhammad joined
Sunnies
larger of the two Muslim sects; found in Turkey, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Indonesia
Umma
community of all Muslims
Sufis
form of Islam characterized by mystical approach to Allah, experienced inwardly
Muhammad
seal of the prophets
Hajjis
those who have completed pilgrimage to Mecca
Shi'ites
minority sect of Islam; followers cheify in Iran and Iraq
Hijra
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina
Eid-ul-Fitr
Festival of fast breaking after Ramadan
Jihad
exertion, struggle
Caliph
military and political leader in Muslim community
Polyandry
possession by a woman of more than one husband
Shaykh
master and teacher in Islam
Esoteric
meant for the chosen few
Tariqah
Sufi religious order
Sunna
Muhammad's teachings and actions; second most important authority in Islam
Faqir
member of Sufi order
Fana
crier for Muslim prayers
Exoteric
outside world; understood by public
Dhikr
practice of remembering Allah by repeating his name
Antrhopomorphic
attributing human qualities to gods
Polygany
state of having many wives
Muezzin
aim of Sufi mystics; extinctino of ones sense of separate existence before achieving union with Allah
Diaspora
Jews living away from homeland
Pentateuch
five books; Torah
Talmud
major texts of Judaism; 3 million words; instructs on codes of behavior
Zionism
modern movement for political and spiritual renewal of Jewish people
10 Commandments
famous of 613 laws in torah
Minion
necessary quorum of 10 men for rabbi's services
Torah
means "instruction" will of god as it is revealed to humans
Seder
Passover festival meal
Bat, Bar
Bat - girl

Bar - boy
Yang
MALE part of yin yang; light and strength
Tao Tee Ching
Toaisms foundational text; author Lao Tzu
Naturalism
resisting temptation to meddle with nature
Wu wei
supreme action or virtue that leads to harmony
Wisdom
knowledge that empowers life
Yin
FEMALE side of yin yang; negative
Chuang Tzu
foundation text of Taosim containts teachings and anecdotes
Ch'i
vital energy or power of the Tao
Naturalness
behaving as nature dictates
Water
prototype of wu wei
Wen
cultural arts valued by Confucius as a means to transfrom human nature to virtue
Analects
collection of Confucius sayings
Nepotism
favoritism shown to relatives
Chun Tzu
mature person or ideal human being
Mores
folkways or customs
Shamanism
religion based on doctrine that workings of ood and evil spirits can be influence by medicine men
Te
power of moral strength
Jen
supreme virtue of human heartedness that should characterize relationships
Shu
basic principle of reciprocity; do not do unto others what you would not want them to do to you
Sinology
study of Chinese
Islam Creed
There is one god, Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet
Did Muhammad have divine nature?
no
The Majority of the Muslim population is not made up of
Arabs
Muslim means..
one who submits
Islam dietary regulations forbid
pork, alcohol, leavened bread
Islam is derived from the roots s, l, m which means
awakening and surrender
Muslim holy books include
Qur'an, Torah, Psalms, Gospels
Do Muslims believe in predestination?
yes
Do Muslims believe that Jesus was a prophet of one God and was born of Mary?
Yes
Semitic allies are...
Muslims, Jews, Christians... all believe in Abraham
Issues that led to division of Sunnis and Shi'ites
succession of Muhammads death
City of prophet Yathrib
Medina
How many names of Allah?
99
Koran has made major contribution to who's rights?
women's
Koranix depiction of God focuses on
fear inspiring power, mercy, and compassion
Sunnies comprise of what percent of Muslims?
87
Fitra describes what
Muslim concept of human nature in its God-established original form
Confucius was also known as
King Fu Tzu
Empathy/sympathy
hsin
Confucianisms central project is learning...
to be fully human
Confucius wanted to be a
governmental official
Li means...
rite or sacred ritual AND propriety
Supreme virtue of Confucianism
Benevolence
Group that believed social cohesion could be achieved through personal commitment to mutual love
Mohists
Heaven communicated with Earth through...
Augury
Confucius was concerned with...
transmitting traditional ways
Chinese preference of meditation and negotiation rather than legal action is...
Doctrine of the Mean
Judaism is more concerned with
practice... than belief
What is the most important of holidays in Judaism?
Shabbat... or the Sabbath
Hebrew bible is also known as
Tanakh
God is involved in history...
directly
Conquerurs
Romans - 70's
Babylonians - 586
Assyrians - 721
Modern state of Isral was established in...
1948
Torah defines...
worship and ethical conduct
5 books of torah are...
basic manual for hallowing of life and central statement of Jews laws
Shema
Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One
Literal meaning of Tao Te Ching
The Way and its Power
Literal meaning of te
power
Central theme of Taoism
relativity of things
In Toaism life, and death are
2 harmonius parts of the same whole
Taism
encourages pacifism
Key Taoist value
humility
Toaism composed of heterogenous groups that sought to increase Tao's power
Vitalizing
Toaism that became full-fledged church and used productive power of magic
Religious
Sought to increas ch'i through eating, sex, and breathing
Vitalizing
Reflective Taoism
Philosophical
Conserve "te"
Philisophical
Most popular
Religious